Incoming Lamoni Campus Graceland students for Fall 2022 –

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Biology: Molecular and Biochemistry

“As a graduate student, the critical evaluation of scientific literature is extremely important. Graceland biology students develop this skill early as they engage in journal club discussions, fostering the ability to identify the big picture while understanding complex content.”

Sidnee Smith Hedrick ’17
PhD Student at University of Kentucky

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Biology is a Gateway to So Many Fields

The Biology: Molecular & Biochemistry track prepares students in molecular and cellular biology. This track leads students to careers in the health sciences (medicine, dentistry, physician assistant, physical therapy, etc.), microbiology, and immunology.

Our comprehensive active-learning approach prepares students to pursue a variety of postgraduate studies. Some students enter careers immediately after graduation as teachers, laboratory technicians, and pharmaceutical sales representatives. Others have gone on to post-graduate studies in medical, dental, physician assistant, physical therapy, and pharmacy.

Offerings
Major, Minor
Field of Study
Science & Math
Format
Lamoni Campus
Graceland Biology Students Say:
I chose Graceland because it gave me the opportunity to focus on school while also getting to play the sport I love. The thing I loved about Graceland women’s volleyball was that I could put my academics first and know that I had the support from my coaches and teammates. I also wanted to attend a school where I was a name and my professors knew me. Graceland surpassed that. I developed meaningful relationships with my professors who I still keep in touch with.
Hannah Farley '19 Pharmacy Student and Hospital Pharmacy Technician Biology and Chemistry
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Curriculum

Molecular and Biochemistry is one of two tracks available under the Biology major. In order to complete this program, you must complete both the core requirements for a Biology major, and the Molecular and Biochemistry track requirements.

  • BS Degree – Biology Major Core Requirements

    In addition to the general education requirements, students majoring in Biology must complete at least one concentration with semester hours in Biology and related sciences (42-44 semester hours for the General Biology Concentration or 54 semester hours for the Molecular and Biochemistry Concentration).

    Core Courses (required for both concentrations) – 20 s.h. with 10-11 s.h. general education*

    Courses Offered
    • BIOL1500Biology I with Lab
      BIOL1500 Biology I with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A study of the diversity of life (prokaryotes, protists, fungi, plants, and animals), focusing on the key characteristics of life, the evolutionary processes that shape life, and the ecological interactions among organisms and their physical environments. Includes a lab. Additional fee required.

    • BIOL1520Biology II with Lab
      BIOL1520 Biology II with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A comparative study of form and function across organisms, focusing on the various structures and strategies used by plants and animals to fulfill basic life needs, levels of organization (cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems), and the chemical reactions of metabolism. Includes a lab. Additional fee required.

    • BIOL2100Cell Biology and Genetics with Lab
      BIOL2100 Cell Biology and Genetics with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A study of the various patterns and mechanisms of heredity, changes in the genetic material and the consequences of these genetic changes. The course will also give an introduction to cellular structures, macromolecules, and processes, including DNA replication, transcription, translation and cellular signaling. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM1330, CHEM3410, or (CHEM1410 and CHEM1450). (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

    • BIOL2360Microbiology with Lab
      BIOL2360 Microbiology with Lab - 4 s.h.

      Students will learn about immunology, bacteriology, mycology, and virology. Emphasis will be placed on the cellular mechanism and role of microbial pathogens (bacteria) and agents (viruses, prions) affecting human health and how they are treated. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 or instructor's consent. Goal 1A

    • BIOL2430Animal Biology with Lab
      BIOL2430 Animal Biology with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A survey of the major groups in the animal kingdom, including sponges, cnidarians, molluscs, arthropods, echinoderms, vertebrates, etc. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, reproduction, nutrition, and habitat will be considered. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL1500, BIOL1520 or instructor's consent. +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL2440Plant Biology with Lab
      BIOL2440 Plant Biology with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A survey of the major groups in the plant kingdom, including nonvascular plants, ferns and fern allies, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, and reproductive life cycles will be considered. In addition, plant growth and metabolism, algae, and fungi will be covered. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL1500, BIOL1520 or instructor's consent. +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL3310Molecular Genetics with Lab
      BIOL3310 Molecular Genetics with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A study of cellular processes involved in the Central Dogma: DNA replication, transcription and translation. The study will include how gene expression is regulated at various levels, such as at the transcription level and post-translational level. Lastly students will study and perform different molecular genetic techniques used in laboratories today: pipetting, DNA gel electrophoresis, PCR and DNA cloning. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (C or better strongly recommended). +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL3400Ecology and Conservation Biology with Lab
      BIOL3400 Ecology and Conservation Biology with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A study of how organisms interact with one another and with their physical environments at the physiological, population, community, and ecosystem levels. Case studies will use ecological concepts to develop conservation strategies for species, habitats, and ecosystems. Includes a lab. Additional fee required. EL06 Science - World Citizenship, ELO6 Science - Sustainability +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL3420Human Anatomy with Lab
      BIOL3420 Human Anatomy with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A study of gross human anatomy utilizing charts, three dimensional models, computer simulations, and dissection of mammalian animals. The course will discuss regional and surface anatomy to establish the relationships of the various organ systems of the body. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 or PHED1500.

    • BIOL3440Human Physiology with Lab
      BIOL3440 Human Physiology with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A systems oriented study of the function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system levels with an emphasis on medical physiology. Laboratory includes computer simulations and use of Biopac equipment. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL3420 (grade of C or better strongly recommended) and one semester of chemistry or BIOL2100.

    • BIOL4111Capstone Research I (also CHEM4111)
      BIOL4111 Capstone Research I (also CHEM4111) - 1 s.h.

      Course covers the basic elements of scientific research (e.g., performing literature searches, developing research questions, designing experiments, and giving scientific presentations). The student will develop a scientific question and then write a research proposal in cooperation with a faculty mentor to answer that question. Prerequisite: BIOL2100, CHEM3410/3411, and senior standing or consent of instructor.

    • BIOL4120Capstone Research II (also CHEM4120)
      BIOL4120 Capstone Research II (also CHEM4120) - 1-2 s.h.

      The student conducts scientific research based on the research proposal developed in BIOL/CHEM4111. Prerequisite: BIOL/CHEM4111.

    • BIOL4130Capstone Research III (also CHEM4130)
      BIOL4130 Capstone Research III (also CHEM4130) - 1-2 s.h.

      The student completes the research that was started in BIOL/CHEM4120. Highlights of the research will be presented orally and through a poster presentation. A final thesis manuscript is required for submission. Prerequisite: BIOL/CHEM4120.

    • BIOL4310Biochemistry with Lab (also CHEM4310)
      BIOL4310 Biochemistry with Lab (also CHEM4310) - 4 s.h.

      An introduction to biologically important molecules and metabolic pathways and the laboratory techniques used to study and characterize them. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM3420/3421 and BIOL2100. +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL4400Immunology
      BIOL4400 Immunology - 3 s.h.

      Investigation of the innate and adaptive immune system, including inflammation, B and T cell development and function, immunization and its role in human health. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 and BIOL2360 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL4460Cell and Cancer Biology
      BIOL4460 Cell and Cancer Biology - 3 s.h.

      Students will investigate the cellular mechanisms of cancer and then will learn about a few specific cancers. Includes an in-depth study of the multistage model of carcinogenesis, genes involved in cancer, activation of cancer genes, signal transduction pathways that promote carcinogenesis, the mechanism of metastasis, apoptosis, how cancer treatments work, and the new potential cancer treatments. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). +This course is only offered every other year.

    • CHEM1410General Chemistry I Workshop with Lab
      CHEM1410 General Chemistry I Workshop with Lab - 4 s.h.

      General Chemistry I Workshop is appropriate for any student interested in developing a strong background in chemistry. It is intended to be the first university chemistry course for science majors. As such, it will be fairly rigorous and will draw upon previous experience in mathematics and science. Major areas to be covered include atomic and molecular structures, chemical bonding, stoichiometric relationships, and chemical reactions. Laboratory activities and experiments are closely related to concepts introduced in class discussions and will allow students to develop their laboratory skills. Good safety practices and experimental record keeping will be stressed. Students are expected to actively participate in class activities and discussions in addition to homework assignments, individual/group study and preparation for exams. Course is intended for biology, chemistry, and some allied health majors. Additional fee required. Fulfills liberal learning science course. Prerequisites: MATH1280 and CHEM1310 or one year of high school chemistry. EL06 Science, GE3D Liberal Learning-Natural Sciences.

    • CHEM1420General Chemistry II Workshop with Lab
      CHEM1420 General Chemistry II Workshop with Lab - 4 s.h.

      General Chemistry II Workshop is appropriate for any student interested in developing a strong background in chemistry. It is the continuation of CHEM1430. Students will gain a deeper understanding of basic chemical principles and will emphasize problem solving. It is fairly rigorous and will draw upon previous chemistry experience as well as mathematics and other science fields. Major areas to be covered include physical properties of solids, liquids, and solutions, intermolecular forces, energy changes in chemical reactions, thermodynamics, gas-phase equilibrium, and aqueous acid/base equilibrium. Laboratory activities and experiments are closely related to concepts introduced in class discussions and will allow students to develop their laboratory skills. Good safety practices and experimental record keeping will be stressed. Students are expected to actively participate in class activities and discussions in addition to homework assignments, individual/group study and preparation for exams. Prerequisite: CHEM1410.

    • CHEM1450Introduction to Organic and Biochemistry (1-0)
      CHEM1450 Introduction to Organic and Biochemistry (1-0) - 1 s.h.

      An introduction to the principles of organic and biochemistry, including a study of chemical reactions (condensation and hydrolysis reactions), solution chemistry (hypotonic/hypertonic, isotonic solution), functional groups, organic molecule representation, introduction of biological molecules (proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and nucleic acids). This course is intended for students who need to help fulfill the chemistry requirement for fundamentals of cell biology and genetics course (BIOL2100). Pre or Corequisite: CHEM1410 and instructor consent.

    • CHEM3410Organic Chemistry I (3-0)
      CHEM3410 Organic Chemistry I (3-0) - 3 s.h.

      An in-depth study of modern organic chemistry including nomenclature, structure and bonding, synthesis, reaction mechanisms, and important functional groups and families of both aliphatic and aromatic compounds. Prerequisite: CHEM1440/1441 with a grade of C or better. is strongly recommended. Corequisite: CHEM3411 Organic Chemistry I Lab. Goal 1A

    • CHEM3411Organic Chemistry I Lab (0-3)
      CHEM3411 Organic Chemistry I Lab (0-3) - 1 s.h.

      Additional fee required. Corequisite: CHEM3410 Organic Chemistry I. Goal 1A

    • CHEM3420Organic Chemistry II (3-0)
      CHEM3420 Organic Chemistry II (3-0) - 3 s.h.

      A continuation of CHEM3410 which is a prerequisite. With a grade of C or better is strongly recommended. Corequisite: CHEM3421 Organic Chemistry II Lab. Goal 1A

    • CHEM3421Organic Chemistry II Lab (0-3)
      CHEM3421 Organic Chemistry II Lab (0-3) - 1 s.h.

      Additional fee required. Corequisite: CHEM3420 Organic Chemistry II. Goal 1A

    • CHEM4111Capstone Research I (also BIOL4111)
      CHEM4111 Capstone Research I (also BIOL4111) - 1 s.h.

      Course covers the basic elements of scientific research (e.g., performing literature searches, developing research questions, designing experiments, and giving scientific presentations). The student will develop a scientific question and then write a research proposal in cooperation with a faculty mentor to answer that question. Prerequisite: BIOL2100, CHEM3410/3411, and senior standing or consent of instructor.

    • CHEM4120Capstone Research II (also BIOL4120)
      CHEM4120 Capstone Research II (also BIOL4120) - 1-2 s.h.

      The student conducts scientific research based on the research proposal developed in BIOL/CHEM4111. Prerequisite: BIOL/CHEM4110.

    • CHEM4130Capstone Research III (also BIOL4130)
      CHEM4130 Capstone Research III (also BIOL4130) - 1-2 s.h.

      The student completes the research that was started in BIOL/CHEM4120. Highlights of the research will be presented orally and through a poster presentation. A final thesis manuscript is required for submission. Prerequisite: BIOL/CHEM4120.

    • CHEM4310Biochemistry with Lab (also BIOL4310)
      CHEM4310 Biochemistry with Lab (also BIOL4310) - 4 s.h.

      An introduction to biologically important molecules and metabolic pathways and the laboratory techniques used to study and characterize them. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM3420/3421 and BIOL2100. +This course is only offered every other year.

    • MATH1280College Algebra
      MATH1280 College Algebra - 3 s.h.

      Solutions of polynomial, rational and radical equations, systems of equations, matrices, sequences, series, functions, exponentials. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

    • MATH1370Statistics for Sciences
      MATH1370 Statistics for Sciences - 3 s.h.

      Data analysis and measures of central tendency, dispersion, and correlation. Introduction to probability. Estimation and hypothesis testing. Bivariate regression. ANOVA. Introduction to nonparametric techniques. Prerequisite: 1 year high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

    • MATH1500Applied Calculus
      MATH1500 Applied Calculus - 3 s.h.

      An introduction to differential and integral calculus. Topics include limits, continuity, differentiation and integration techniques, and applications. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

    • MATH1510Calculus I
      MATH1510 Calculus I - 4 s.h.

      Limits, continuity, differentiation, and applications including exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric, and inverse functions. Mean value theorem, curve sketching, Riemann sums, and the fundamental theorem of calculus. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

    • PHYS1410Elements of Physics I with Lab
      PHYS1410 Elements of Physics I with Lab - 4 s.h.

      An elementary physics course emphasizing the fundamental concepts associated with the physical universe. Topics include Newtonian mechanics, fluids, heat thermodynamics, wave motion, and sound. Designed to meet the needs of biology majors and students preparing for the medical profession and related fields. Prerequisites: Two years high school algebra and one year geometry; plane trigonometry recommended. Goal 1A

    • PHYS1420Elements of Physics II with Lab
      PHYS1420 Elements of Physics II with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A continuation of PHYS1410. Topics included are electricity, magnetism, electromagnetic waves, light, relativity, quantum mechanics, and nuclear physics. Prerequisite: PHYS1410. Goal 1A

    BIOL1500Biology I with Lab BIOL1520Biology II with Lab BIOL2100Cell Biology and Genetics with Lab BIOL2360Microbiology with Lab BIOL2430Animal Biology with Lab BIOL2440Plant Biology with Lab BIOL3310Molecular Genetics with Lab BIOL3400Ecology and Conservation Biology with Lab BIOL3420Human Anatomy with Lab BIOL3440Human Physiology with Lab BIOL4111Capstone Research I (also CHEM4111) BIOL4120Capstone Research II (also CHEM4120) BIOL4130Capstone Research III (also CHEM4130) BIOL4310Biochemistry with Lab (also CHEM4310) BIOL4400Immunology BIOL4460Cell and Cancer Biology CHEM1410General Chemistry I Workshop with Lab CHEM1420General Chemistry II Workshop with Lab CHEM1450Introduction to Organic and Biochemistry (1-0) CHEM3410Organic Chemistry I (3-0) CHEM3411Organic Chemistry I Lab (0-3) CHEM3420Organic Chemistry II (3-0) CHEM3421Organic Chemistry II Lab (0-3) CHEM4111Capstone Research I (also BIOL4111) CHEM4120Capstone Research II (also BIOL4120) CHEM4130Capstone Research III (also BIOL4130) CHEM4310Biochemistry with Lab (also BIOL4310) MATH1280College Algebra MATH1370Statistics for Sciences MATH1500Applied Calculus MATH1510Calculus I PHYS1410Elements of Physics I with Lab PHYS1420Elements of Physics II with Lab
    Course Descriptions
    BIOL1500 Biology I with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A study of the diversity of life (prokaryotes, protists, fungi, plants, and animals), focusing on the key characteristics of life, the evolutionary processes that shape life, and the ecological interactions among organisms and their physical environments. Includes a lab. Additional fee required.

    BIOL1520 Biology II with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A comparative study of form and function across organisms, focusing on the various structures and strategies used by plants and animals to fulfill basic life needs, levels of organization (cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems), and the chemical reactions of metabolism. Includes a lab. Additional fee required.

    BIOL2100 Cell Biology and Genetics with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A study of the various patterns and mechanisms of heredity, changes in the genetic material and the consequences of these genetic changes. The course will also give an introduction to cellular structures, macromolecules, and processes, including DNA replication, transcription, translation and cellular signaling. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM1330, CHEM3410, or (CHEM1410 and CHEM1450). (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

    BIOL2360 Microbiology with Lab - 4 s.h.

    Students will learn about immunology, bacteriology, mycology, and virology. Emphasis will be placed on the cellular mechanism and role of microbial pathogens (bacteria) and agents (viruses, prions) affecting human health and how they are treated. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 or instructor's consent. Goal 1A

    BIOL2430 Animal Biology with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A survey of the major groups in the animal kingdom, including sponges, cnidarians, molluscs, arthropods, echinoderms, vertebrates, etc. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, reproduction, nutrition, and habitat will be considered. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL1500, BIOL1520 or instructor's consent. +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL2440 Plant Biology with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A survey of the major groups in the plant kingdom, including nonvascular plants, ferns and fern allies, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, and reproductive life cycles will be considered. In addition, plant growth and metabolism, algae, and fungi will be covered. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL1500, BIOL1520 or instructor's consent. +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL3310 Molecular Genetics with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A study of cellular processes involved in the Central Dogma: DNA replication, transcription and translation. The study will include how gene expression is regulated at various levels, such as at the transcription level and post-translational level. Lastly students will study and perform different molecular genetic techniques used in laboratories today: pipetting, DNA gel electrophoresis, PCR and DNA cloning. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (C or better strongly recommended). +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL3400 Ecology and Conservation Biology with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A study of how organisms interact with one another and with their physical environments at the physiological, population, community, and ecosystem levels. Case studies will use ecological concepts to develop conservation strategies for species, habitats, and ecosystems. Includes a lab. Additional fee required. EL06 Science - World Citizenship, ELO6 Science - Sustainability +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL3420 Human Anatomy with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A study of gross human anatomy utilizing charts, three dimensional models, computer simulations, and dissection of mammalian animals. The course will discuss regional and surface anatomy to establish the relationships of the various organ systems of the body. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 or PHED1500.

    BIOL3440 Human Physiology with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A systems oriented study of the function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system levels with an emphasis on medical physiology. Laboratory includes computer simulations and use of Biopac equipment. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL3420 (grade of C or better strongly recommended) and one semester of chemistry or BIOL2100.

    BIOL4111 Capstone Research I (also CHEM4111) - 1 s.h.

    Course covers the basic elements of scientific research (e.g., performing literature searches, developing research questions, designing experiments, and giving scientific presentations). The student will develop a scientific question and then write a research proposal in cooperation with a faculty mentor to answer that question. Prerequisite: BIOL2100, CHEM3410/3411, and senior standing or consent of instructor.

    BIOL4120 Capstone Research II (also CHEM4120) - 1-2 s.h.

    The student conducts scientific research based on the research proposal developed in BIOL/CHEM4111. Prerequisite: BIOL/CHEM4111.

    BIOL4130 Capstone Research III (also CHEM4130) - 1-2 s.h.

    The student completes the research that was started in BIOL/CHEM4120. Highlights of the research will be presented orally and through a poster presentation. A final thesis manuscript is required for submission. Prerequisite: BIOL/CHEM4120.

    BIOL4310 Biochemistry with Lab (also CHEM4310) - 4 s.h.

    An introduction to biologically important molecules and metabolic pathways and the laboratory techniques used to study and characterize them. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM3420/3421 and BIOL2100. +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL4400 Immunology - 3 s.h.

    Investigation of the innate and adaptive immune system, including inflammation, B and T cell development and function, immunization and its role in human health. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 and BIOL2360 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL4460 Cell and Cancer Biology - 3 s.h.

    Students will investigate the cellular mechanisms of cancer and then will learn about a few specific cancers. Includes an in-depth study of the multistage model of carcinogenesis, genes involved in cancer, activation of cancer genes, signal transduction pathways that promote carcinogenesis, the mechanism of metastasis, apoptosis, how cancer treatments work, and the new potential cancer treatments. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). +This course is only offered every other year.

    CHEM1410 General Chemistry I Workshop with Lab - 4 s.h.

    General Chemistry I Workshop is appropriate for any student interested in developing a strong background in chemistry. It is intended to be the first university chemistry course for science majors. As such, it will be fairly rigorous and will draw upon previous experience in mathematics and science. Major areas to be covered include atomic and molecular structures, chemical bonding, stoichiometric relationships, and chemical reactions. Laboratory activities and experiments are closely related to concepts introduced in class discussions and will allow students to develop their laboratory skills. Good safety practices and experimental record keeping will be stressed. Students are expected to actively participate in class activities and discussions in addition to homework assignments, individual/group study and preparation for exams. Course is intended for biology, chemistry, and some allied health majors. Additional fee required. Fulfills liberal learning science course. Prerequisites: MATH1280 and CHEM1310 or one year of high school chemistry. EL06 Science, GE3D Liberal Learning-Natural Sciences.

    CHEM1420 General Chemistry II Workshop with Lab - 4 s.h.

    General Chemistry II Workshop is appropriate for any student interested in developing a strong background in chemistry. It is the continuation of CHEM1430. Students will gain a deeper understanding of basic chemical principles and will emphasize problem solving. It is fairly rigorous and will draw upon previous chemistry experience as well as mathematics and other science fields. Major areas to be covered include physical properties of solids, liquids, and solutions, intermolecular forces, energy changes in chemical reactions, thermodynamics, gas-phase equilibrium, and aqueous acid/base equilibrium. Laboratory activities and experiments are closely related to concepts introduced in class discussions and will allow students to develop their laboratory skills. Good safety practices and experimental record keeping will be stressed. Students are expected to actively participate in class activities and discussions in addition to homework assignments, individual/group study and preparation for exams. Prerequisite: CHEM1410.

    CHEM1450 Introduction to Organic and Biochemistry (1-0) - 1 s.h.

    An introduction to the principles of organic and biochemistry, including a study of chemical reactions (condensation and hydrolysis reactions), solution chemistry (hypotonic/hypertonic, isotonic solution), functional groups, organic molecule representation, introduction of biological molecules (proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and nucleic acids). This course is intended for students who need to help fulfill the chemistry requirement for fundamentals of cell biology and genetics course (BIOL2100). Pre or Corequisite: CHEM1410 and instructor consent.

    CHEM3410 Organic Chemistry I (3-0) - 3 s.h.

    An in-depth study of modern organic chemistry including nomenclature, structure and bonding, synthesis, reaction mechanisms, and important functional groups and families of both aliphatic and aromatic compounds. Prerequisite: CHEM1440/1441 with a grade of C or better. is strongly recommended. Corequisite: CHEM3411 Organic Chemistry I Lab. Goal 1A

    CHEM3411 Organic Chemistry I Lab (0-3) - 1 s.h.

    Additional fee required. Corequisite: CHEM3410 Organic Chemistry I. Goal 1A

    CHEM3420 Organic Chemistry II (3-0) - 3 s.h.

    A continuation of CHEM3410 which is a prerequisite. With a grade of C or better is strongly recommended. Corequisite: CHEM3421 Organic Chemistry II Lab. Goal 1A

    CHEM3421 Organic Chemistry II Lab (0-3) - 1 s.h.

    Additional fee required. Corequisite: CHEM3420 Organic Chemistry II. Goal 1A

    CHEM4111 Capstone Research I (also BIOL4111) - 1 s.h.

    Course covers the basic elements of scientific research (e.g., performing literature searches, developing research questions, designing experiments, and giving scientific presentations). The student will develop a scientific question and then write a research proposal in cooperation with a faculty mentor to answer that question. Prerequisite: BIOL2100, CHEM3410/3411, and senior standing or consent of instructor.

    CHEM4120 Capstone Research II (also BIOL4120) - 1-2 s.h.

    The student conducts scientific research based on the research proposal developed in BIOL/CHEM4111. Prerequisite: BIOL/CHEM4110.

    CHEM4130 Capstone Research III (also BIOL4130) - 1-2 s.h.

    The student completes the research that was started in BIOL/CHEM4120. Highlights of the research will be presented orally and through a poster presentation. A final thesis manuscript is required for submission. Prerequisite: BIOL/CHEM4120.

    CHEM4310 Biochemistry with Lab (also BIOL4310) - 4 s.h.

    An introduction to biologically important molecules and metabolic pathways and the laboratory techniques used to study and characterize them. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM3420/3421 and BIOL2100. +This course is only offered every other year.

    MATH1280 College Algebra - 3 s.h.

    Solutions of polynomial, rational and radical equations, systems of equations, matrices, sequences, series, functions, exponentials. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

    MATH1370 Statistics for Sciences - 3 s.h.

    Data analysis and measures of central tendency, dispersion, and correlation. Introduction to probability. Estimation and hypothesis testing. Bivariate regression. ANOVA. Introduction to nonparametric techniques. Prerequisite: 1 year high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

    MATH1500 Applied Calculus - 3 s.h.

    An introduction to differential and integral calculus. Topics include limits, continuity, differentiation and integration techniques, and applications. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

    MATH1510 Calculus I - 4 s.h.

    Limits, continuity, differentiation, and applications including exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric, and inverse functions. Mean value theorem, curve sketching, Riemann sums, and the fundamental theorem of calculus. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

    PHYS1410 Elements of Physics I with Lab - 4 s.h.

    An elementary physics course emphasizing the fundamental concepts associated with the physical universe. Topics include Newtonian mechanics, fluids, heat thermodynamics, wave motion, and sound. Designed to meet the needs of biology majors and students preparing for the medical profession and related fields. Prerequisites: Two years high school algebra and one year geometry; plane trigonometry recommended. Goal 1A

    PHYS1420 Elements of Physics II with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A continuation of PHYS1410. Topics included are electricity, magnetism, electromagnetic waves, light, relativity, quantum mechanics, and nuclear physics. Prerequisite: PHYS1410. Goal 1A

  • BS Degree – Biology Major - Molecular and Biochemistry Track

    Molecular and Biochemistry Track 34 s.h. (plus Core Courses) 

    Courses Offered
    • BIOL1500Biology I with Lab
      BIOL1500 Biology I with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A study of the diversity of life (prokaryotes, protists, fungi, plants, and animals), focusing on the key characteristics of life, the evolutionary processes that shape life, and the ecological interactions among organisms and their physical environments. Includes a lab. Additional fee required.

    • BIOL1520Biology II with Lab
      BIOL1520 Biology II with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A comparative study of form and function across organisms, focusing on the various structures and strategies used by plants and animals to fulfill basic life needs, levels of organization (cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems), and the chemical reactions of metabolism. Includes a lab. Additional fee required.

    • BIOL2100Cell Biology and Genetics with Lab
      BIOL2100 Cell Biology and Genetics with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A study of the various patterns and mechanisms of heredity, changes in the genetic material and the consequences of these genetic changes. The course will also give an introduction to cellular structures, macromolecules, and processes, including DNA replication, transcription, translation and cellular signaling. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM1330, CHEM3410, or (CHEM1410 and CHEM1450). (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

    • BIOL2360Microbiology with Lab
      BIOL2360 Microbiology with Lab - 4 s.h.

      Students will learn about immunology, bacteriology, mycology, and virology. Emphasis will be placed on the cellular mechanism and role of microbial pathogens (bacteria) and agents (viruses, prions) affecting human health and how they are treated. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 or instructor's consent. Goal 1A

    • BIOL2430Animal Biology with Lab
      BIOL2430 Animal Biology with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A survey of the major groups in the animal kingdom, including sponges, cnidarians, molluscs, arthropods, echinoderms, vertebrates, etc. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, reproduction, nutrition, and habitat will be considered. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL1500, BIOL1520 or instructor's consent. +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL2440Plant Biology with Lab
      BIOL2440 Plant Biology with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A survey of the major groups in the plant kingdom, including nonvascular plants, ferns and fern allies, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, and reproductive life cycles will be considered. In addition, plant growth and metabolism, algae, and fungi will be covered. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL1500, BIOL1520 or instructor's consent. +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL3310Molecular Genetics with Lab
      BIOL3310 Molecular Genetics with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A study of cellular processes involved in the Central Dogma: DNA replication, transcription and translation. The study will include how gene expression is regulated at various levels, such as at the transcription level and post-translational level. Lastly students will study and perform different molecular genetic techniques used in laboratories today: pipetting, DNA gel electrophoresis, PCR and DNA cloning. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (C or better strongly recommended). +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL3400Ecology and Conservation Biology with Lab
      BIOL3400 Ecology and Conservation Biology with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A study of how organisms interact with one another and with their physical environments at the physiological, population, community, and ecosystem levels. Case studies will use ecological concepts to develop conservation strategies for species, habitats, and ecosystems. Includes a lab. Additional fee required. EL06 Science - World Citizenship, ELO6 Science - Sustainability +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL3420Human Anatomy with Lab
      BIOL3420 Human Anatomy with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A study of gross human anatomy utilizing charts, three dimensional models, computer simulations, and dissection of mammalian animals. The course will discuss regional and surface anatomy to establish the relationships of the various organ systems of the body. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 or PHED1500.

    • BIOL3440Human Physiology with Lab
      BIOL3440 Human Physiology with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A systems oriented study of the function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system levels with an emphasis on medical physiology. Laboratory includes computer simulations and use of Biopac equipment. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL3420 (grade of C or better strongly recommended) and one semester of chemistry or BIOL2100.

    • BIOL4111Capstone Research I (also CHEM4111)
      BIOL4111 Capstone Research I (also CHEM4111) - 1 s.h.

      Course covers the basic elements of scientific research (e.g., performing literature searches, developing research questions, designing experiments, and giving scientific presentations). The student will develop a scientific question and then write a research proposal in cooperation with a faculty mentor to answer that question. Prerequisite: BIOL2100, CHEM3410/3411, and senior standing or consent of instructor.

    • BIOL4120Capstone Research II (also CHEM4120)
      BIOL4120 Capstone Research II (also CHEM4120) - 1-2 s.h.

      The student conducts scientific research based on the research proposal developed in BIOL/CHEM4111. Prerequisite: BIOL/CHEM4111.

    • BIOL4130Capstone Research III (also CHEM4130)
      BIOL4130 Capstone Research III (also CHEM4130) - 1-2 s.h.

      The student completes the research that was started in BIOL/CHEM4120. Highlights of the research will be presented orally and through a poster presentation. A final thesis manuscript is required for submission. Prerequisite: BIOL/CHEM4120.

    • BIOL4310Biochemistry with Lab (also CHEM4310)
      BIOL4310 Biochemistry with Lab (also CHEM4310) - 4 s.h.

      An introduction to biologically important molecules and metabolic pathways and the laboratory techniques used to study and characterize them. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM3420/3421 and BIOL2100. +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL4400Immunology
      BIOL4400 Immunology - 3 s.h.

      Investigation of the innate and adaptive immune system, including inflammation, B and T cell development and function, immunization and its role in human health. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 and BIOL2360 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL4460Cell and Cancer Biology
      BIOL4460 Cell and Cancer Biology - 3 s.h.

      Students will investigate the cellular mechanisms of cancer and then will learn about a few specific cancers. Includes an in-depth study of the multistage model of carcinogenesis, genes involved in cancer, activation of cancer genes, signal transduction pathways that promote carcinogenesis, the mechanism of metastasis, apoptosis, how cancer treatments work, and the new potential cancer treatments. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). +This course is only offered every other year.

    • CHEM1410General Chemistry I Workshop with Lab
      CHEM1410 General Chemistry I Workshop with Lab - 4 s.h.

      General Chemistry I Workshop is appropriate for any student interested in developing a strong background in chemistry. It is intended to be the first university chemistry course for science majors. As such, it will be fairly rigorous and will draw upon previous experience in mathematics and science. Major areas to be covered include atomic and molecular structures, chemical bonding, stoichiometric relationships, and chemical reactions. Laboratory activities and experiments are closely related to concepts introduced in class discussions and will allow students to develop their laboratory skills. Good safety practices and experimental record keeping will be stressed. Students are expected to actively participate in class activities and discussions in addition to homework assignments, individual/group study and preparation for exams. Course is intended for biology, chemistry, and some allied health majors. Additional fee required. Fulfills liberal learning science course. Prerequisites: MATH1280 and CHEM1310 or one year of high school chemistry. EL06 Science, GE3D Liberal Learning-Natural Sciences.

    • CHEM1420General Chemistry II Workshop with Lab
      CHEM1420 General Chemistry II Workshop with Lab - 4 s.h.

      General Chemistry II Workshop is appropriate for any student interested in developing a strong background in chemistry. It is the continuation of CHEM1430. Students will gain a deeper understanding of basic chemical principles and will emphasize problem solving. It is fairly rigorous and will draw upon previous chemistry experience as well as mathematics and other science fields. Major areas to be covered include physical properties of solids, liquids, and solutions, intermolecular forces, energy changes in chemical reactions, thermodynamics, gas-phase equilibrium, and aqueous acid/base equilibrium. Laboratory activities and experiments are closely related to concepts introduced in class discussions and will allow students to develop their laboratory skills. Good safety practices and experimental record keeping will be stressed. Students are expected to actively participate in class activities and discussions in addition to homework assignments, individual/group study and preparation for exams. Prerequisite: CHEM1410.

    • CHEM1450Introduction to Organic and Biochemistry (1-0)
      CHEM1450 Introduction to Organic and Biochemistry (1-0) - 1 s.h.

      An introduction to the principles of organic and biochemistry, including a study of chemical reactions (condensation and hydrolysis reactions), solution chemistry (hypotonic/hypertonic, isotonic solution), functional groups, organic molecule representation, introduction of biological molecules (proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and nucleic acids). This course is intended for students who need to help fulfill the chemistry requirement for fundamentals of cell biology and genetics course (BIOL2100). Pre or Corequisite: CHEM1410 and instructor consent.

    • CHEM3410Organic Chemistry I (3-0)
      CHEM3410 Organic Chemistry I (3-0) - 3 s.h.

      An in-depth study of modern organic chemistry including nomenclature, structure and bonding, synthesis, reaction mechanisms, and important functional groups and families of both aliphatic and aromatic compounds. Prerequisite: CHEM1440/1441 with a grade of C or better. is strongly recommended. Corequisite: CHEM3411 Organic Chemistry I Lab. Goal 1A

    • CHEM3411Organic Chemistry I Lab (0-3)
      CHEM3411 Organic Chemistry I Lab (0-3) - 1 s.h.

      Additional fee required. Corequisite: CHEM3410 Organic Chemistry I. Goal 1A

    • CHEM3420Organic Chemistry II (3-0)
      CHEM3420 Organic Chemistry II (3-0) - 3 s.h.

      A continuation of CHEM3410 which is a prerequisite. With a grade of C or better is strongly recommended. Corequisite: CHEM3421 Organic Chemistry II Lab. Goal 1A

    • CHEM3421Organic Chemistry II Lab (0-3)
      CHEM3421 Organic Chemistry II Lab (0-3) - 1 s.h.

      Additional fee required. Corequisite: CHEM3420 Organic Chemistry II. Goal 1A

    • CHEM4111Capstone Research I (also BIOL4111)
      CHEM4111 Capstone Research I (also BIOL4111) - 1 s.h.

      Course covers the basic elements of scientific research (e.g., performing literature searches, developing research questions, designing experiments, and giving scientific presentations). The student will develop a scientific question and then write a research proposal in cooperation with a faculty mentor to answer that question. Prerequisite: BIOL2100, CHEM3410/3411, and senior standing or consent of instructor.

    • CHEM4120Capstone Research II (also BIOL4120)
      CHEM4120 Capstone Research II (also BIOL4120) - 1-2 s.h.

      The student conducts scientific research based on the research proposal developed in BIOL/CHEM4111. Prerequisite: BIOL/CHEM4110.

    • CHEM4130Capstone Research III (also BIOL4130)
      CHEM4130 Capstone Research III (also BIOL4130) - 1-2 s.h.

      The student completes the research that was started in BIOL/CHEM4120. Highlights of the research will be presented orally and through a poster presentation. A final thesis manuscript is required for submission. Prerequisite: BIOL/CHEM4120.

    • CHEM4310Biochemistry with Lab (also BIOL4310)
      CHEM4310 Biochemistry with Lab (also BIOL4310) - 4 s.h.

      An introduction to biologically important molecules and metabolic pathways and the laboratory techniques used to study and characterize them. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM3420/3421 and BIOL2100. +This course is only offered every other year.

    • MATH1280College Algebra
      MATH1280 College Algebra - 3 s.h.

      Solutions of polynomial, rational and radical equations, systems of equations, matrices, sequences, series, functions, exponentials. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

    • MATH1370Statistics for Sciences
      MATH1370 Statistics for Sciences - 3 s.h.

      Data analysis and measures of central tendency, dispersion, and correlation. Introduction to probability. Estimation and hypothesis testing. Bivariate regression. ANOVA. Introduction to nonparametric techniques. Prerequisite: 1 year high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

    • MATH1500Applied Calculus
      MATH1500 Applied Calculus - 3 s.h.

      An introduction to differential and integral calculus. Topics include limits, continuity, differentiation and integration techniques, and applications. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

    • MATH1510Calculus I
      MATH1510 Calculus I - 4 s.h.

      Limits, continuity, differentiation, and applications including exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric, and inverse functions. Mean value theorem, curve sketching, Riemann sums, and the fundamental theorem of calculus. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

    • PHYS1410Elements of Physics I with Lab
      PHYS1410 Elements of Physics I with Lab - 4 s.h.

      An elementary physics course emphasizing the fundamental concepts associated with the physical universe. Topics include Newtonian mechanics, fluids, heat thermodynamics, wave motion, and sound. Designed to meet the needs of biology majors and students preparing for the medical profession and related fields. Prerequisites: Two years high school algebra and one year geometry; plane trigonometry recommended. Goal 1A

    • PHYS1420Elements of Physics II with Lab
      PHYS1420 Elements of Physics II with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A continuation of PHYS1410. Topics included are electricity, magnetism, electromagnetic waves, light, relativity, quantum mechanics, and nuclear physics. Prerequisite: PHYS1410. Goal 1A

    BIOL1500Biology I with Lab BIOL1520Biology II with Lab BIOL2100Cell Biology and Genetics with Lab BIOL2360Microbiology with Lab BIOL2430Animal Biology with Lab BIOL2440Plant Biology with Lab BIOL3310Molecular Genetics with Lab BIOL3400Ecology and Conservation Biology with Lab BIOL3420Human Anatomy with Lab BIOL3440Human Physiology with Lab BIOL4111Capstone Research I (also CHEM4111) BIOL4120Capstone Research II (also CHEM4120) BIOL4130Capstone Research III (also CHEM4130) BIOL4310Biochemistry with Lab (also CHEM4310) BIOL4400Immunology BIOL4460Cell and Cancer Biology CHEM1410General Chemistry I Workshop with Lab CHEM1420General Chemistry II Workshop with Lab CHEM1450Introduction to Organic and Biochemistry (1-0) CHEM3410Organic Chemistry I (3-0) CHEM3411Organic Chemistry I Lab (0-3) CHEM3420Organic Chemistry II (3-0) CHEM3421Organic Chemistry II Lab (0-3) CHEM4111Capstone Research I (also BIOL4111) CHEM4120Capstone Research II (also BIOL4120) CHEM4130Capstone Research III (also BIOL4130) CHEM4310Biochemistry with Lab (also BIOL4310) MATH1280College Algebra MATH1370Statistics for Sciences MATH1500Applied Calculus MATH1510Calculus I PHYS1410Elements of Physics I with Lab PHYS1420Elements of Physics II with Lab
    Course Descriptions
    BIOL1500 Biology I with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A study of the diversity of life (prokaryotes, protists, fungi, plants, and animals), focusing on the key characteristics of life, the evolutionary processes that shape life, and the ecological interactions among organisms and their physical environments. Includes a lab. Additional fee required.

    BIOL1520 Biology II with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A comparative study of form and function across organisms, focusing on the various structures and strategies used by plants and animals to fulfill basic life needs, levels of organization (cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems), and the chemical reactions of metabolism. Includes a lab. Additional fee required.

    BIOL2100 Cell Biology and Genetics with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A study of the various patterns and mechanisms of heredity, changes in the genetic material and the consequences of these genetic changes. The course will also give an introduction to cellular structures, macromolecules, and processes, including DNA replication, transcription, translation and cellular signaling. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM1330, CHEM3410, or (CHEM1410 and CHEM1450). (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

    BIOL2360 Microbiology with Lab - 4 s.h.

    Students will learn about immunology, bacteriology, mycology, and virology. Emphasis will be placed on the cellular mechanism and role of microbial pathogens (bacteria) and agents (viruses, prions) affecting human health and how they are treated. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 or instructor's consent. Goal 1A

    BIOL2430 Animal Biology with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A survey of the major groups in the animal kingdom, including sponges, cnidarians, molluscs, arthropods, echinoderms, vertebrates, etc. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, reproduction, nutrition, and habitat will be considered. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL1500, BIOL1520 or instructor's consent. +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL2440 Plant Biology with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A survey of the major groups in the plant kingdom, including nonvascular plants, ferns and fern allies, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, and reproductive life cycles will be considered. In addition, plant growth and metabolism, algae, and fungi will be covered. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL1500, BIOL1520 or instructor's consent. +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL3310 Molecular Genetics with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A study of cellular processes involved in the Central Dogma: DNA replication, transcription and translation. The study will include how gene expression is regulated at various levels, such as at the transcription level and post-translational level. Lastly students will study and perform different molecular genetic techniques used in laboratories today: pipetting, DNA gel electrophoresis, PCR and DNA cloning. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (C or better strongly recommended). +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL3400 Ecology and Conservation Biology with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A study of how organisms interact with one another and with their physical environments at the physiological, population, community, and ecosystem levels. Case studies will use ecological concepts to develop conservation strategies for species, habitats, and ecosystems. Includes a lab. Additional fee required. EL06 Science - World Citizenship, ELO6 Science - Sustainability +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL3420 Human Anatomy with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A study of gross human anatomy utilizing charts, three dimensional models, computer simulations, and dissection of mammalian animals. The course will discuss regional and surface anatomy to establish the relationships of the various organ systems of the body. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 or PHED1500.

    BIOL3440 Human Physiology with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A systems oriented study of the function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system levels with an emphasis on medical physiology. Laboratory includes computer simulations and use of Biopac equipment. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL3420 (grade of C or better strongly recommended) and one semester of chemistry or BIOL2100.

    BIOL4111 Capstone Research I (also CHEM4111) - 1 s.h.

    Course covers the basic elements of scientific research (e.g., performing literature searches, developing research questions, designing experiments, and giving scientific presentations). The student will develop a scientific question and then write a research proposal in cooperation with a faculty mentor to answer that question. Prerequisite: BIOL2100, CHEM3410/3411, and senior standing or consent of instructor.

    BIOL4120 Capstone Research II (also CHEM4120) - 1-2 s.h.

    The student conducts scientific research based on the research proposal developed in BIOL/CHEM4111. Prerequisite: BIOL/CHEM4111.

    BIOL4130 Capstone Research III (also CHEM4130) - 1-2 s.h.

    The student completes the research that was started in BIOL/CHEM4120. Highlights of the research will be presented orally and through a poster presentation. A final thesis manuscript is required for submission. Prerequisite: BIOL/CHEM4120.

    BIOL4310 Biochemistry with Lab (also CHEM4310) - 4 s.h.

    An introduction to biologically important molecules and metabolic pathways and the laboratory techniques used to study and characterize them. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM3420/3421 and BIOL2100. +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL4400 Immunology - 3 s.h.

    Investigation of the innate and adaptive immune system, including inflammation, B and T cell development and function, immunization and its role in human health. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 and BIOL2360 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL4460 Cell and Cancer Biology - 3 s.h.

    Students will investigate the cellular mechanisms of cancer and then will learn about a few specific cancers. Includes an in-depth study of the multistage model of carcinogenesis, genes involved in cancer, activation of cancer genes, signal transduction pathways that promote carcinogenesis, the mechanism of metastasis, apoptosis, how cancer treatments work, and the new potential cancer treatments. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). +This course is only offered every other year.

    CHEM1410 General Chemistry I Workshop with Lab - 4 s.h.

    General Chemistry I Workshop is appropriate for any student interested in developing a strong background in chemistry. It is intended to be the first university chemistry course for science majors. As such, it will be fairly rigorous and will draw upon previous experience in mathematics and science. Major areas to be covered include atomic and molecular structures, chemical bonding, stoichiometric relationships, and chemical reactions. Laboratory activities and experiments are closely related to concepts introduced in class discussions and will allow students to develop their laboratory skills. Good safety practices and experimental record keeping will be stressed. Students are expected to actively participate in class activities and discussions in addition to homework assignments, individual/group study and preparation for exams. Course is intended for biology, chemistry, and some allied health majors. Additional fee required. Fulfills liberal learning science course. Prerequisites: MATH1280 and CHEM1310 or one year of high school chemistry. EL06 Science, GE3D Liberal Learning-Natural Sciences.

    CHEM1420 General Chemistry II Workshop with Lab - 4 s.h.

    General Chemistry II Workshop is appropriate for any student interested in developing a strong background in chemistry. It is the continuation of CHEM1430. Students will gain a deeper understanding of basic chemical principles and will emphasize problem solving. It is fairly rigorous and will draw upon previous chemistry experience as well as mathematics and other science fields. Major areas to be covered include physical properties of solids, liquids, and solutions, intermolecular forces, energy changes in chemical reactions, thermodynamics, gas-phase equilibrium, and aqueous acid/base equilibrium. Laboratory activities and experiments are closely related to concepts introduced in class discussions and will allow students to develop their laboratory skills. Good safety practices and experimental record keeping will be stressed. Students are expected to actively participate in class activities and discussions in addition to homework assignments, individual/group study and preparation for exams. Prerequisite: CHEM1410.

    CHEM1450 Introduction to Organic and Biochemistry (1-0) - 1 s.h.

    An introduction to the principles of organic and biochemistry, including a study of chemical reactions (condensation and hydrolysis reactions), solution chemistry (hypotonic/hypertonic, isotonic solution), functional groups, organic molecule representation, introduction of biological molecules (proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and nucleic acids). This course is intended for students who need to help fulfill the chemistry requirement for fundamentals of cell biology and genetics course (BIOL2100). Pre or Corequisite: CHEM1410 and instructor consent.

    CHEM3410 Organic Chemistry I (3-0) - 3 s.h.

    An in-depth study of modern organic chemistry including nomenclature, structure and bonding, synthesis, reaction mechanisms, and important functional groups and families of both aliphatic and aromatic compounds. Prerequisite: CHEM1440/1441 with a grade of C or better. is strongly recommended. Corequisite: CHEM3411 Organic Chemistry I Lab. Goal 1A

    CHEM3411 Organic Chemistry I Lab (0-3) - 1 s.h.

    Additional fee required. Corequisite: CHEM3410 Organic Chemistry I. Goal 1A

    CHEM3420 Organic Chemistry II (3-0) - 3 s.h.

    A continuation of CHEM3410 which is a prerequisite. With a grade of C or better is strongly recommended. Corequisite: CHEM3421 Organic Chemistry II Lab. Goal 1A

    CHEM3421 Organic Chemistry II Lab (0-3) - 1 s.h.

    Additional fee required. Corequisite: CHEM3420 Organic Chemistry II. Goal 1A

    CHEM4111 Capstone Research I (also BIOL4111) - 1 s.h.

    Course covers the basic elements of scientific research (e.g., performing literature searches, developing research questions, designing experiments, and giving scientific presentations). The student will develop a scientific question and then write a research proposal in cooperation with a faculty mentor to answer that question. Prerequisite: BIOL2100, CHEM3410/3411, and senior standing or consent of instructor.

    CHEM4120 Capstone Research II (also BIOL4120) - 1-2 s.h.

    The student conducts scientific research based on the research proposal developed in BIOL/CHEM4111. Prerequisite: BIOL/CHEM4110.

    CHEM4130 Capstone Research III (also BIOL4130) - 1-2 s.h.

    The student completes the research that was started in BIOL/CHEM4120. Highlights of the research will be presented orally and through a poster presentation. A final thesis manuscript is required for submission. Prerequisite: BIOL/CHEM4120.

    CHEM4310 Biochemistry with Lab (also BIOL4310) - 4 s.h.

    An introduction to biologically important molecules and metabolic pathways and the laboratory techniques used to study and characterize them. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM3420/3421 and BIOL2100. +This course is only offered every other year.

    MATH1280 College Algebra - 3 s.h.

    Solutions of polynomial, rational and radical equations, systems of equations, matrices, sequences, series, functions, exponentials. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

    MATH1370 Statistics for Sciences - 3 s.h.

    Data analysis and measures of central tendency, dispersion, and correlation. Introduction to probability. Estimation and hypothesis testing. Bivariate regression. ANOVA. Introduction to nonparametric techniques. Prerequisite: 1 year high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

    MATH1500 Applied Calculus - 3 s.h.

    An introduction to differential and integral calculus. Topics include limits, continuity, differentiation and integration techniques, and applications. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

    MATH1510 Calculus I - 4 s.h.

    Limits, continuity, differentiation, and applications including exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric, and inverse functions. Mean value theorem, curve sketching, Riemann sums, and the fundamental theorem of calculus. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

    PHYS1410 Elements of Physics I with Lab - 4 s.h.

    An elementary physics course emphasizing the fundamental concepts associated with the physical universe. Topics include Newtonian mechanics, fluids, heat thermodynamics, wave motion, and sound. Designed to meet the needs of biology majors and students preparing for the medical profession and related fields. Prerequisites: Two years high school algebra and one year geometry; plane trigonometry recommended. Goal 1A

    PHYS1420 Elements of Physics II with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A continuation of PHYS1410. Topics included are electricity, magnetism, electromagnetic waves, light, relativity, quantum mechanics, and nuclear physics. Prerequisite: PHYS1410. Goal 1A

  • Biology Minor

    A minor in Biology consists of 18 semester hours or more, including: BIOL1500BIOL1520BIOL2100 and BIOL electives.

    Courses Offered
    • BIOL1500Biology I with Lab
      BIOL1500 Biology I with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A study of the diversity of life (prokaryotes, protists, fungi, plants, and animals), focusing on the key characteristics of life, the evolutionary processes that shape life, and the ecological interactions among organisms and their physical environments. Includes a lab. Additional fee required.

    • BIOL1520Biology II with Lab
      BIOL1520 Biology II with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A comparative study of form and function across organisms, focusing on the various structures and strategies used by plants and animals to fulfill basic life needs, levels of organization (cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems), and the chemical reactions of metabolism. Includes a lab. Additional fee required.

    • BIOL2100Cell Biology and Genetics with Lab
      BIOL2100 Cell Biology and Genetics with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A study of the various patterns and mechanisms of heredity, changes in the genetic material and the consequences of these genetic changes. The course will also give an introduction to cellular structures, macromolecules, and processes, including DNA replication, transcription, translation and cellular signaling. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM1330, CHEM3410, or (CHEM1410 and CHEM1450). (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

    BIOL1500Biology I with Lab BIOL1520Biology II with Lab BIOL2100Cell Biology and Genetics with Lab
    Course Descriptions
    BIOL1500 Biology I with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A study of the diversity of life (prokaryotes, protists, fungi, plants, and animals), focusing on the key characteristics of life, the evolutionary processes that shape life, and the ecological interactions among organisms and their physical environments. Includes a lab. Additional fee required.

    BIOL1520 Biology II with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A comparative study of form and function across organisms, focusing on the various structures and strategies used by plants and animals to fulfill basic life needs, levels of organization (cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems), and the chemical reactions of metabolism. Includes a lab. Additional fee required.

    BIOL2100 Cell Biology and Genetics with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A study of the various patterns and mechanisms of heredity, changes in the genetic material and the consequences of these genetic changes. The course will also give an introduction to cellular structures, macromolecules, and processes, including DNA replication, transcription, translation and cellular signaling. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM1330, CHEM3410, or (CHEM1410 and CHEM1450). (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

  • Teacher Certification in Biology
    1. FOR BIOLOGY MAJORS WHO WANT A SECONDARY ENDORSEMENT (5-12): Students majoring in Biology who desire Iowa Teacher Certification with a Biology secondary endorsement must complete the major requirements above and the Secondary Education Program (with SCIE3360 Methods of Teaching Science and Mathematics as the appropriate methods course).
    2. OPTION 1: FOR NON-BIOLOGY MAJORS WHO WANT A SECONDARY BIOLOGY ENDORSEMENT (5-12). Non-Biology majors desiring a secondary Biology endorsement (5-12) in Iowa must complete a major in a secondary teaching field, the Secondary Education Program (with SCIE3360 Methods of Teaching Science and Mathematics as the appropriate methods course), and 27 semester hours in Biology including the following courses:
      BIOL1400 Unity of Life – 3 s.h.
      BIOL2360 Microbiology with Lab – 4 s.h.
      BIOL2430 Animal Biology with Lab – 4 s.h.
      BIOL2440 Plant Biology with Lab – 4 s.h.
      BIOL3400 Ecology and Conservation Biology with Lab – 4 s.h.
      BIOL3420 Human Anatomy with Lab – 4 s.h.
      BIOL3440 Human Physiology with Lab – 4 s.h.
      OPTION 2: FOR NON-BIOLOGY MAJORS WHO WANT A SECONDARY BIOLOGY ENDORSEMENT (5-12). Non-Biology majors desiring a secondary Biology endorsement (5-12) in Iowa must complete a major in a secondary teaching field, the Secondary Education Program (with SCIE3360 Methods of Teaching Science and Mathematics as the appropriate methods course), and 30 semester hours in the broad area of Science (BIOL, CHEM, SCIE) to include the following 15 semester hours in Biology:
      BIOL1500 Biology I with Lab – 4 s.h.
      BIOL1520 Biology II with Lab – 4 s.h.
      BIOL2100 Cellular Biology and Genetics with Lab – 4 s.h.
      Choose one of the following BIOL courses:
      BIOL2360 Microbiology with Lab – 4 s.h.
      BIOL2430 Animal Biology with Lab – 4 s.h.
      BIOL2440 Plant Biology with Lab – 4 s.h.
      BIOL3400 Ecology and Conservation Biology with Lab – 4 s.h.
    Courses Offered
    • BIOL1500Biology I with Lab
      BIOL1500 Biology I with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A study of the diversity of life (prokaryotes, protists, fungi, plants, and animals), focusing on the key characteristics of life, the evolutionary processes that shape life, and the ecological interactions among organisms and their physical environments. Includes a lab. Additional fee required.

    • BIOL1520Biology II with Lab
      BIOL1520 Biology II with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A comparative study of form and function across organisms, focusing on the various structures and strategies used by plants and animals to fulfill basic life needs, levels of organization (cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems), and the chemical reactions of metabolism. Includes a lab. Additional fee required.

    • BIOL2100Cell Biology and Genetics with Lab
      BIOL2100 Cell Biology and Genetics with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A study of the various patterns and mechanisms of heredity, changes in the genetic material and the consequences of these genetic changes. The course will also give an introduction to cellular structures, macromolecules, and processes, including DNA replication, transcription, translation and cellular signaling. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM1330, CHEM3410, or (CHEM1410 and CHEM1450). (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

    • BIOL2360Microbiology with Lab
      BIOL2360 Microbiology with Lab - 4 s.h.

      Students will learn about immunology, bacteriology, mycology, and virology. Emphasis will be placed on the cellular mechanism and role of microbial pathogens (bacteria) and agents (viruses, prions) affecting human health and how they are treated. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 or instructor's consent. Goal 1A

    • BIOL2430Animal Biology with Lab
      BIOL2430 Animal Biology with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A survey of the major groups in the animal kingdom, including sponges, cnidarians, molluscs, arthropods, echinoderms, vertebrates, etc. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, reproduction, nutrition, and habitat will be considered. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL1500, BIOL1520 or instructor's consent. +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL2440Plant Biology with Lab
      BIOL2440 Plant Biology with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A survey of the major groups in the plant kingdom, including nonvascular plants, ferns and fern allies, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, and reproductive life cycles will be considered. In addition, plant growth and metabolism, algae, and fungi will be covered. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL1500, BIOL1520 or instructor's consent. +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL3400Ecology and Conservation Biology with Lab
      BIOL3400 Ecology and Conservation Biology with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A study of how organisms interact with one another and with their physical environments at the physiological, population, community, and ecosystem levels. Case studies will use ecological concepts to develop conservation strategies for species, habitats, and ecosystems. Includes a lab. Additional fee required. EL06 Science - World Citizenship, ELO6 Science - Sustainability +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL3420Human Anatomy with Lab
      BIOL3420 Human Anatomy with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A study of gross human anatomy utilizing charts, three dimensional models, computer simulations, and dissection of mammalian animals. The course will discuss regional and surface anatomy to establish the relationships of the various organ systems of the body. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 or PHED1500.

    • BIOL3440Human Physiology with Lab
      BIOL3440 Human Physiology with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A systems oriented study of the function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system levels with an emphasis on medical physiology. Laboratory includes computer simulations and use of Biopac equipment. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL3420 (grade of C or better strongly recommended) and one semester of chemistry or BIOL2100.

    • SCIE3360Methods of Teaching Science and Mathematics (also MATH3360)
      SCIE3360 Methods of Teaching Science and Mathematics (also MATH3360) - 3 s.h.

      A study of the objectives, methods, techniques, materials, and activities related to teaching science and mathematics in the secondary schools. Prerequisite: 20 hours in science or mathematics and Prerequisites: admittance into Teacher Education, unless part of an approved Liberal Studies Program. Goal 1A

    BIOL1500Biology I with Lab BIOL1520Biology II with Lab BIOL2100Cell Biology and Genetics with Lab BIOL2360Microbiology with Lab BIOL2430Animal Biology with Lab BIOL2440Plant Biology with Lab BIOL3400Ecology and Conservation Biology with Lab BIOL3420Human Anatomy with Lab BIOL3440Human Physiology with Lab SCIE3360Methods of Teaching Science and Mathematics (also MATH3360)
    Course Descriptions
    BIOL1500 Biology I with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A study of the diversity of life (prokaryotes, protists, fungi, plants, and animals), focusing on the key characteristics of life, the evolutionary processes that shape life, and the ecological interactions among organisms and their physical environments. Includes a lab. Additional fee required.

    BIOL1520 Biology II with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A comparative study of form and function across organisms, focusing on the various structures and strategies used by plants and animals to fulfill basic life needs, levels of organization (cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems), and the chemical reactions of metabolism. Includes a lab. Additional fee required.

    BIOL2100 Cell Biology and Genetics with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A study of the various patterns and mechanisms of heredity, changes in the genetic material and the consequences of these genetic changes. The course will also give an introduction to cellular structures, macromolecules, and processes, including DNA replication, transcription, translation and cellular signaling. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM1330, CHEM3410, or (CHEM1410 and CHEM1450). (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

    BIOL2360 Microbiology with Lab - 4 s.h.

    Students will learn about immunology, bacteriology, mycology, and virology. Emphasis will be placed on the cellular mechanism and role of microbial pathogens (bacteria) and agents (viruses, prions) affecting human health and how they are treated. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 or instructor's consent. Goal 1A

    BIOL2430 Animal Biology with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A survey of the major groups in the animal kingdom, including sponges, cnidarians, molluscs, arthropods, echinoderms, vertebrates, etc. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, reproduction, nutrition, and habitat will be considered. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL1500, BIOL1520 or instructor's consent. +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL2440 Plant Biology with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A survey of the major groups in the plant kingdom, including nonvascular plants, ferns and fern allies, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, and reproductive life cycles will be considered. In addition, plant growth and metabolism, algae, and fungi will be covered. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL1500, BIOL1520 or instructor's consent. +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL3400 Ecology and Conservation Biology with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A study of how organisms interact with one another and with their physical environments at the physiological, population, community, and ecosystem levels. Case studies will use ecological concepts to develop conservation strategies for species, habitats, and ecosystems. Includes a lab. Additional fee required. EL06 Science - World Citizenship, ELO6 Science - Sustainability +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL3420 Human Anatomy with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A study of gross human anatomy utilizing charts, three dimensional models, computer simulations, and dissection of mammalian animals. The course will discuss regional and surface anatomy to establish the relationships of the various organ systems of the body. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 or PHED1500.

    BIOL3440 Human Physiology with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A systems oriented study of the function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system levels with an emphasis on medical physiology. Laboratory includes computer simulations and use of Biopac equipment. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL3420 (grade of C or better strongly recommended) and one semester of chemistry or BIOL2100.

    SCIE3360 Methods of Teaching Science and Mathematics (also MATH3360) - 3 s.h.

    A study of the objectives, methods, techniques, materials, and activities related to teaching science and mathematics in the secondary schools. Prerequisite: 20 hours in science or mathematics and Prerequisites: admittance into Teacher Education, unless part of an approved Liberal Studies Program. Goal 1A

Exceptional Faculty

Why Graceland

  • Students design, conduct and present their own original research in collaboration with a faculty mentor.
  • Students learn laboratory techniques and have hands-on experience operating sophisticated laboratory equipment. 
  • Students learn in a variety of classroom styles in order to promote an active learning experience. 
  • The biology faculty are experts in their field. All have earned the highest degree possible. 

Biology Graduates are Successful

Upon Graduation

+95%

Biology majors are employed or go to graduate school since 2019.

Graceland Science and Math department

Estimated Salary

$85,000

Biology graduates

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Career Growth Ahead

A biology major from Graceland University can help to prepare you for a career as a:

  • Dentist
  • Doctor
  • High school or middle school teacher
  • Physician assistant
  • Research scientist
  • Veterinarian

       … and many other exciting fields.

State of the Art Lab Equipment

Graceland University’s Resch Science and Technology Hall provides students with opportunities to interact with and learn on equipment that, at other universities, they might not have access to until graduate school. By providing opportunities to explore their field with the best technology, Graceland students have an advantage over many other graduates in the region. The playlist below shows off many of Graceland’s excellent labs and equipment.

Tour Our Labs
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Tuition & Aid

Over 98% of students on the Lamoni campus receive financial aid.

An education from Graceland is one of the greatest investments you can make but we understand that cost is often a concern. With our generous scholarships and awards, you will find a truly affordable private education – often the cost of attending Graceland is less than a public university.

Find out more!