• Pre-Dental Requirements

    Students interested in pursuing a Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS) or Doctor of Dental Medicine (DMD) should major in Biology or Chemistry (with a Biology minor). For the best preparation, we recommend a double major in both Biology and Chemistry. Students should review the admissions requirements for the professional schools of their choice. We recommend that students complete the following courses (along with the requirements for a major in Biology, Chemistry, or both ) for preparation for admission and success in medical school:

    During summers of their freshman and sophomore year, students should consider shadowing or volunteer experiences at local hospitals, clinics, or private practices to gain practical experience. Some programs require clinical hours. During the summer of their junior year students should participate in internships. Most students take the MCAT (medicine) exam early spring of the year they will apply. Most applications open in early summer and are rolling applications. Competitive applicants will submit their application within a week or two of the application opening. Many programs have centralized application processes that include: AMCAS (medicine), AADSAS (dentistry), OptomCAS (optometry), CASPA (PA). Students are encouraged to research individual program requirements early to ensure they can be incorporated into their schedules.

    Courses Offered
    • BIOL2360Microbiology with Lab
      BIOL2360 Microbiology with Lab - 4 s.h.

      Students will learn about immunology, bacteriology, mycology, and virology. Emphasis will be placed on the cellular mechanism and role of microbial pathogens (bacteria) and agents (viruses, prions) affecting human health and how they are treated. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 or instructor's consent. Goal 1A

    • BIOL3310Molecular Genetics with Lab
      BIOL3310 Molecular Genetics with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A study of cellular processes involved in the Central Dogma: DNA replication, transcription and translation. The study will include how gene expression is regulated at various levels, such as at the transcription level and post-translational level. Lastly students will study and perform different molecular genetic techniques used in laboratories today: pipetting, DNA gel electrophoresis, PCR and DNA cloning. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (C or better strongly recommended). +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL3420Human Anatomy with Lab
      BIOL3420 Human Anatomy with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A study of gross human anatomy utilizing charts, three dimensional models, computer simulations, and dissection of mammalian animals. The course will discuss regional and surface anatomy to establish the relationships of the various organ systems of the body. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 or PHED1500.

    • BIOL3440Human Physiology with Lab
      BIOL3440 Human Physiology with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A systems oriented study of the function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system levels with an emphasis on medical physiology. Laboratory includes computer simulations and use of Biopac equipment. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL3420 (grade of C or better strongly recommended) and one semester of chemistry or BIOL2100.

    • BIOL4310Biochemistry with Lab (also CHEM4310)
      BIOL4310 Biochemistry with Lab (also CHEM4310) - 4 s.h.

      An introduction to biologically important molecules and metabolic pathways and the laboratory techniques used to study and characterize them. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM3420/3421 and BIOL2100. +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL4400Immunology
      BIOL4400 Immunology - 3 s.h.

      Investigation of the innate and adaptive immune system, including inflammation, B and T cell development and function, immunization and its role in human health. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 and BIOL2360 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL4460Cell and Cancer Biology
      BIOL4460 Cell and Cancer Biology - 3 s.h.

      Students will investigate the cellular mechanisms of cancer and then will learn about a few specific cancers. Includes an in-depth study of the multistage model of carcinogenesis, genes involved in cancer, activation of cancer genes, signal transduction pathways that promote carcinogenesis, the mechanism of metastasis, apoptosis, how cancer treatments work, and the new potential cancer treatments. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). +This course is only offered every other year.

    • MATH1370Statistics for Sciences
      MATH1370 Statistics for Sciences - 3 s.h.

      Data analysis and measures of central tendency, dispersion, and correlation. Introduction to probability. Estimation and hypothesis testing. Bivariate regression. ANOVA. Introduction to nonparametric techniques. Prerequisite: 1 year high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

    • MATH1510Calculus I
      MATH1510 Calculus I - 4 s.h.

      Limits, continuity, differentiation, and applications including exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric, and inverse functions. Mean value theorem, curve sketching, Riemann sums, and the fundamental theorem of calculus. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

    BIOL2360Microbiology with Lab BIOL3310Molecular Genetics with Lab BIOL3420Human Anatomy with Lab BIOL3440Human Physiology with Lab BIOL4310Biochemistry with Lab (also CHEM4310) BIOL4400Immunology BIOL4460Cell and Cancer Biology MATH1370Statistics for Sciences MATH1510Calculus I
    Course Descriptions
    BIOL2360 Microbiology with Lab - 4 s.h.

    Students will learn about immunology, bacteriology, mycology, and virology. Emphasis will be placed on the cellular mechanism and role of microbial pathogens (bacteria) and agents (viruses, prions) affecting human health and how they are treated. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 or instructor's consent. Goal 1A

    BIOL3310 Molecular Genetics with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A study of cellular processes involved in the Central Dogma: DNA replication, transcription and translation. The study will include how gene expression is regulated at various levels, such as at the transcription level and post-translational level. Lastly students will study and perform different molecular genetic techniques used in laboratories today: pipetting, DNA gel electrophoresis, PCR and DNA cloning. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (C or better strongly recommended). +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL3420 Human Anatomy with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A study of gross human anatomy utilizing charts, three dimensional models, computer simulations, and dissection of mammalian animals. The course will discuss regional and surface anatomy to establish the relationships of the various organ systems of the body. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 or PHED1500.

    BIOL3440 Human Physiology with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A systems oriented study of the function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system levels with an emphasis on medical physiology. Laboratory includes computer simulations and use of Biopac equipment. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL3420 (grade of C or better strongly recommended) and one semester of chemistry or BIOL2100.

    BIOL4310 Biochemistry with Lab (also CHEM4310) - 4 s.h.

    An introduction to biologically important molecules and metabolic pathways and the laboratory techniques used to study and characterize them. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM3420/3421 and BIOL2100. +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL4400 Immunology - 3 s.h.

    Investigation of the innate and adaptive immune system, including inflammation, B and T cell development and function, immunization and its role in human health. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 and BIOL2360 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL4460 Cell and Cancer Biology - 3 s.h.

    Students will investigate the cellular mechanisms of cancer and then will learn about a few specific cancers. Includes an in-depth study of the multistage model of carcinogenesis, genes involved in cancer, activation of cancer genes, signal transduction pathways that promote carcinogenesis, the mechanism of metastasis, apoptosis, how cancer treatments work, and the new potential cancer treatments. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). +This course is only offered every other year.

    MATH1370 Statistics for Sciences - 3 s.h.

    Data analysis and measures of central tendency, dispersion, and correlation. Introduction to probability. Estimation and hypothesis testing. Bivariate regression. ANOVA. Introduction to nonparametric techniques. Prerequisite: 1 year high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

    MATH1510 Calculus I - 4 s.h.

    Limits, continuity, differentiation, and applications including exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric, and inverse functions. Mean value theorem, curve sketching, Riemann sums, and the fundamental theorem of calculus. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

  • Pre-Engineering Requirements

    Graceland maintains a program of advising and information sharing for pre-engineering students. Students are encouraged to major in Chemistry or while attending Graceland University. For additional information about the engineering program at Iowa State University, see www.engineering.iastate.edu. For additional information about the engineering program at the University of Iowa, see www.engineering.uiowa.edu. For additional information about the engineering program at the University of Missouri at Rolla see www.mst.edu.

  • Pre-Forensic Science Requirements

    Students interested in pursuing a MS or PhD in forensic science or another related field should major in Biology or Chemistry. For the best preparation, we recommend a double major in both Biology and Chemistry. Students should review the admissions requirements for the graduate schools of their choice. We recommend that students complete the following courses (along with the requirements for a major in Biology, Chemistry, or both) for preparation for admission and success in a forensic science program:

    During summers, students should consider internships or volunteer experiences in the criminal justice system or research opportunities in forensic science programs to gain practical experience. Most students take the GRE exam in April of their junior year and begin to apply to graduate schools during the summer following their junior year. Early application is strongly recommended.

    Courses Offered
    • BIOL3120Internship in Biological Sciences
      BIOL3120 Internship in Biological Sciences - 1-3 s.h.

      Developed in conjunction with and approved by an appropriate faculty member in the Biological Sciences. This internship will be with professionals who are in career areas relating to majors in the department and may be pursued abroad. The student is responsible for arranging their internship. May be repeated for a maximum of 9 semester hours. (Graded on a Pass/Fail basis.) Prerequisite: Instructor’s consent. Goal 1A

    • BIOL3310Molecular Genetics with Lab
      BIOL3310 Molecular Genetics with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A study of cellular processes involved in the Central Dogma: DNA replication, transcription and translation. The study will include how gene expression is regulated at various levels, such as at the transcription level and post-translational level. Lastly students will study and perform different molecular genetic techniques used in laboratories today: pipetting, DNA gel electrophoresis, PCR and DNA cloning. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (C or better strongly recommended). +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL3420Human Anatomy with Lab
      BIOL3420 Human Anatomy with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A study of gross human anatomy utilizing charts, three dimensional models, computer simulations, and dissection of mammalian animals. The course will discuss regional and surface anatomy to establish the relationships of the various organ systems of the body. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 or PHED1500.

    • BIOL3440Human Physiology with Lab
      BIOL3440 Human Physiology with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A systems oriented study of the function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system levels with an emphasis on medical physiology. Laboratory includes computer simulations and use of Biopac equipment. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL3420 (grade of C or better strongly recommended) and one semester of chemistry or BIOL2100.

    • BIOL4310Biochemistry with Lab (also CHEM4310)
      BIOL4310 Biochemistry with Lab (also CHEM4310) - 4 s.h.

      An introduction to biologically important molecules and metabolic pathways and the laboratory techniques used to study and characterize them. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM3420/3421 and BIOL2100. +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL4460Cell and Cancer Biology
      BIOL4460 Cell and Cancer Biology - 3 s.h.

      Students will investigate the cellular mechanisms of cancer and then will learn about a few specific cancers. Includes an in-depth study of the multistage model of carcinogenesis, genes involved in cancer, activation of cancer genes, signal transduction pathways that promote carcinogenesis, the mechanism of metastasis, apoptosis, how cancer treatments work, and the new potential cancer treatments. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). +This course is only offered every other year.

    • CHEM1340Forensic Chemistry with Lab
      CHEM1340 Forensic Chemistry with Lab - 4 s.h.

      This course will expose students to the field of forensic science primarily using chemical forensics and testing. Topics include evidence collection and preservation, drugs and drug chemistry, heat and explosions, poisons and others. The course will cover basic chemical concepts needed to plan, execute, and interpret forensic results. All necessary scientific concepts will be developed in the context of forensic science. Additional fee required. ELO6 Science - World Citizenship, ELO6 Science - Innovation, GE3D Liberal Learning-Natural Sciences

    • CHEM3300Analytical Chemistry with Lab
      CHEM3300 Analytical Chemistry with Lab - 4 s.h.

      Study of theory and practice of modern separation and analytical techniques. Includes use of electrochemical, spectrometric and chromatographic instruments. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM1440/1441 with a . grade of C or better is strongly recommended. Offered odd years Spring. +This course is only offered every other year.

    • CHEM4330Instrumental Analysis (3-3)
      CHEM4330 Instrumental Analysis (3-3) - 4 s.h.

      A study of the analysis and identification of organic compounds and mixtures by modern instrumental techniques and traditional wet chemical methods. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM3420/3421 with a grade of C or better is strongly recommended. Goal 1A. Offered even years Fall. +This course is only offered every other year.

    • MATH1370Statistics for Sciences
      MATH1370 Statistics for Sciences - 3 s.h.

      Data analysis and measures of central tendency, dispersion, and correlation. Introduction to probability. Estimation and hypothesis testing. Bivariate regression. ANOVA. Introduction to nonparametric techniques. Prerequisite: 1 year high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

    • MATH1510Calculus I
      MATH1510 Calculus I - 4 s.h.

      Limits, continuity, differentiation, and applications including exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric, and inverse functions. Mean value theorem, curve sketching, Riemann sums, and the fundamental theorem of calculus. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

    BIOL3120Internship in Biological Sciences BIOL3310Molecular Genetics with Lab BIOL3420Human Anatomy with Lab BIOL3440Human Physiology with Lab BIOL4310Biochemistry with Lab (also CHEM4310) BIOL4460Cell and Cancer Biology CHEM1340Forensic Chemistry with Lab CHEM3300Analytical Chemistry with Lab CHEM4330Instrumental Analysis (3-3) MATH1370Statistics for Sciences MATH1510Calculus I
    Course Descriptions
    BIOL3120 Internship in Biological Sciences - 1-3 s.h.

    Developed in conjunction with and approved by an appropriate faculty member in the Biological Sciences. This internship will be with professionals who are in career areas relating to majors in the department and may be pursued abroad. The student is responsible for arranging their internship. May be repeated for a maximum of 9 semester hours. (Graded on a Pass/Fail basis.) Prerequisite: Instructor’s consent. Goal 1A

    BIOL3310 Molecular Genetics with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A study of cellular processes involved in the Central Dogma: DNA replication, transcription and translation. The study will include how gene expression is regulated at various levels, such as at the transcription level and post-translational level. Lastly students will study and perform different molecular genetic techniques used in laboratories today: pipetting, DNA gel electrophoresis, PCR and DNA cloning. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (C or better strongly recommended). +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL3420 Human Anatomy with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A study of gross human anatomy utilizing charts, three dimensional models, computer simulations, and dissection of mammalian animals. The course will discuss regional and surface anatomy to establish the relationships of the various organ systems of the body. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 or PHED1500.

    BIOL3440 Human Physiology with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A systems oriented study of the function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system levels with an emphasis on medical physiology. Laboratory includes computer simulations and use of Biopac equipment. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL3420 (grade of C or better strongly recommended) and one semester of chemistry or BIOL2100.

    BIOL4310 Biochemistry with Lab (also CHEM4310) - 4 s.h.

    An introduction to biologically important molecules and metabolic pathways and the laboratory techniques used to study and characterize them. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM3420/3421 and BIOL2100. +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL4460 Cell and Cancer Biology - 3 s.h.

    Students will investigate the cellular mechanisms of cancer and then will learn about a few specific cancers. Includes an in-depth study of the multistage model of carcinogenesis, genes involved in cancer, activation of cancer genes, signal transduction pathways that promote carcinogenesis, the mechanism of metastasis, apoptosis, how cancer treatments work, and the new potential cancer treatments. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). +This course is only offered every other year.

    CHEM1340 Forensic Chemistry with Lab - 4 s.h.

    This course will expose students to the field of forensic science primarily using chemical forensics and testing. Topics include evidence collection and preservation, drugs and drug chemistry, heat and explosions, poisons and others. The course will cover basic chemical concepts needed to plan, execute, and interpret forensic results. All necessary scientific concepts will be developed in the context of forensic science. Additional fee required. ELO6 Science - World Citizenship, ELO6 Science - Innovation, GE3D Liberal Learning-Natural Sciences

    CHEM3300 Analytical Chemistry with Lab - 4 s.h.

    Study of theory and practice of modern separation and analytical techniques. Includes use of electrochemical, spectrometric and chromatographic instruments. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM1440/1441 with a . grade of C or better is strongly recommended. Offered odd years Spring. +This course is only offered every other year.

    CHEM4330 Instrumental Analysis (3-3) - 4 s.h.

    A study of the analysis and identification of organic compounds and mixtures by modern instrumental techniques and traditional wet chemical methods. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM3420/3421 with a grade of C or better is strongly recommended. Goal 1A. Offered even years Fall. +This course is only offered every other year.

    MATH1370 Statistics for Sciences - 3 s.h.

    Data analysis and measures of central tendency, dispersion, and correlation. Introduction to probability. Estimation and hypothesis testing. Bivariate regression. ANOVA. Introduction to nonparametric techniques. Prerequisite: 1 year high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

    MATH1510 Calculus I - 4 s.h.

    Limits, continuity, differentiation, and applications including exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric, and inverse functions. Mean value theorem, curve sketching, Riemann sums, and the fundamental theorem of calculus. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

  • Pre-Law Requirements

    Students interested in pursuing a legal education are encouraged to attend Graceland. Accredited law schools in the United States require a bachelor’s degree for admission. They seek students who can analyze problems critically, who can reason logically, and who can clearly express themselves both in writing and aloud. Law schools admit students from a very broad range of majors. The intensity and depth of the undergraduate major, along with the student’s ability to meet academically rigorous standards, are most important (see the Law School Admissions Council at https://www.Isac.org).

  • Pre-Med Requirements

    Students interested in pursuing a Doctor of Medicine (MD) or a Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO) degree should major in Biology or Chemistry (with a Biology minor). For the best preparation, we recommend a double major in both Biology and Chemistry. Students should review the admissions requirements for the professional schools of their choice. We recommend that students complete the following courses (along with the requirements for a major in Biology, Chemistry, or both ) for preparation for admission and success in medical school:

    During summers of their freshman and sophomore year, students should consider shadowing or volunteer experiences at local hospitals, clinics, or private practices to gain practical experience. Some programs require clinical hours. During the summer of their junior year students should participate in internships. Most students take the MCAT (medicine) exam early spring of the year they will apply. Most applications open in early summer and are rolling applications. Competitive applicants will submit their application within a week or two of the application opening. Many programs have centralized application processes that include: AMCAS (medicine), AADSAS (dentistry), OptomCAS (optometry), CASPA (PA). Students are encouraged to research individual program requirements early to ensure they can be incorporated into their schedules.

    Courses Offered
    • BIOL2360Microbiology with Lab
      BIOL2360 Microbiology with Lab - 4 s.h.

      Students will learn about immunology, bacteriology, mycology, and virology. Emphasis will be placed on the cellular mechanism and role of microbial pathogens (bacteria) and agents (viruses, prions) affecting human health and how they are treated. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 or instructor's consent. Goal 1A

    • BIOL3310Molecular Genetics with Lab
      BIOL3310 Molecular Genetics with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A study of cellular processes involved in the Central Dogma: DNA replication, transcription and translation. The study will include how gene expression is regulated at various levels, such as at the transcription level and post-translational level. Lastly students will study and perform different molecular genetic techniques used in laboratories today: pipetting, DNA gel electrophoresis, PCR and DNA cloning. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (C or better strongly recommended). +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL3420Human Anatomy with Lab
      BIOL3420 Human Anatomy with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A study of gross human anatomy utilizing charts, three dimensional models, computer simulations, and dissection of mammalian animals. The course will discuss regional and surface anatomy to establish the relationships of the various organ systems of the body. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 or PHED1500.

    • BIOL3440Human Physiology with Lab
      BIOL3440 Human Physiology with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A systems oriented study of the function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system levels with an emphasis on medical physiology. Laboratory includes computer simulations and use of Biopac equipment. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL3420 (grade of C or better strongly recommended) and one semester of chemistry or BIOL2100.

    • BIOL4310Biochemistry with Lab (also CHEM4310)
      BIOL4310 Biochemistry with Lab (also CHEM4310) - 4 s.h.

      An introduction to biologically important molecules and metabolic pathways and the laboratory techniques used to study and characterize them. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM3420/3421 and BIOL2100. +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL4400Immunology
      BIOL4400 Immunology - 3 s.h.

      Investigation of the innate and adaptive immune system, including inflammation, B and T cell development and function, immunization and its role in human health. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 and BIOL2360 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL4460Cell and Cancer Biology
      BIOL4460 Cell and Cancer Biology - 3 s.h.

      Students will investigate the cellular mechanisms of cancer and then will learn about a few specific cancers. Includes an in-depth study of the multistage model of carcinogenesis, genes involved in cancer, activation of cancer genes, signal transduction pathways that promote carcinogenesis, the mechanism of metastasis, apoptosis, how cancer treatments work, and the new potential cancer treatments. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). +This course is only offered every other year.

    • MATH1370Statistics for Sciences
      MATH1370 Statistics for Sciences - 3 s.h.

      Data analysis and measures of central tendency, dispersion, and correlation. Introduction to probability. Estimation and hypothesis testing. Bivariate regression. ANOVA. Introduction to nonparametric techniques. Prerequisite: 1 year high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

    • MATH1510Calculus I
      MATH1510 Calculus I - 4 s.h.

      Limits, continuity, differentiation, and applications including exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric, and inverse functions. Mean value theorem, curve sketching, Riemann sums, and the fundamental theorem of calculus. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

    BIOL2360Microbiology with Lab BIOL3310Molecular Genetics with Lab BIOL3420Human Anatomy with Lab BIOL3440Human Physiology with Lab BIOL4310Biochemistry with Lab (also CHEM4310) BIOL4400Immunology BIOL4460Cell and Cancer Biology MATH1370Statistics for Sciences MATH1510Calculus I
    Course Descriptions
    BIOL2360 Microbiology with Lab - 4 s.h.

    Students will learn about immunology, bacteriology, mycology, and virology. Emphasis will be placed on the cellular mechanism and role of microbial pathogens (bacteria) and agents (viruses, prions) affecting human health and how they are treated. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 or instructor's consent. Goal 1A

    BIOL3310 Molecular Genetics with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A study of cellular processes involved in the Central Dogma: DNA replication, transcription and translation. The study will include how gene expression is regulated at various levels, such as at the transcription level and post-translational level. Lastly students will study and perform different molecular genetic techniques used in laboratories today: pipetting, DNA gel electrophoresis, PCR and DNA cloning. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (C or better strongly recommended). +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL3420 Human Anatomy with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A study of gross human anatomy utilizing charts, three dimensional models, computer simulations, and dissection of mammalian animals. The course will discuss regional and surface anatomy to establish the relationships of the various organ systems of the body. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 or PHED1500.

    BIOL3440 Human Physiology with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A systems oriented study of the function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system levels with an emphasis on medical physiology. Laboratory includes computer simulations and use of Biopac equipment. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL3420 (grade of C or better strongly recommended) and one semester of chemistry or BIOL2100.

    BIOL4310 Biochemistry with Lab (also CHEM4310) - 4 s.h.

    An introduction to biologically important molecules and metabolic pathways and the laboratory techniques used to study and characterize them. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM3420/3421 and BIOL2100. +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL4400 Immunology - 3 s.h.

    Investigation of the innate and adaptive immune system, including inflammation, B and T cell development and function, immunization and its role in human health. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 and BIOL2360 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL4460 Cell and Cancer Biology - 3 s.h.

    Students will investigate the cellular mechanisms of cancer and then will learn about a few specific cancers. Includes an in-depth study of the multistage model of carcinogenesis, genes involved in cancer, activation of cancer genes, signal transduction pathways that promote carcinogenesis, the mechanism of metastasis, apoptosis, how cancer treatments work, and the new potential cancer treatments. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). +This course is only offered every other year.

    MATH1370 Statistics for Sciences - 3 s.h.

    Data analysis and measures of central tendency, dispersion, and correlation. Introduction to probability. Estimation and hypothesis testing. Bivariate regression. ANOVA. Introduction to nonparametric techniques. Prerequisite: 1 year high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

    MATH1510 Calculus I - 4 s.h.

    Limits, continuity, differentiation, and applications including exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric, and inverse functions. Mean value theorem, curve sketching, Riemann sums, and the fundamental theorem of calculus. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

  • Pre-Optometry Requirements

    Students interested in pursuing a Doctor of Optometry (OD) degree should major in Biology or Chemistry (with a Biology minor). For the best preparation, we recommend a double major in both Biology and Chemistry. Students should review the admissions requirements for the professional schools of their choice. We recommend that students complete the following courses (along with the requirements for a major in Biology, Chemistry, or both ) for preparation for admission and success in medical school:

    During summers of their freshman and sophomore year, students should consider shadowing or volunteer experiences at local hospitals, clinics, or private practices to gain practical experience. Some programs require clinical hours. During the summer of their junior year students should participate in internships. Most students take the MCAT (medicine) exam early spring of the year they will apply. Most applications open in early summer and are rolling applications. Competitive applicants will submit their application within a week or two of the application opening. Many programs have centralized application processes that include: AMCAS (medicine), AADSAS (dentistry), OptomCAS (optometry), CASPA (PA). Students are encouraged to research individual program requirements early to ensure they can be incorporated into their schedules.

    Courses Offered
    • BIOL2360Microbiology with Lab
      BIOL2360 Microbiology with Lab - 4 s.h.

      Students will learn about immunology, bacteriology, mycology, and virology. Emphasis will be placed on the cellular mechanism and role of microbial pathogens (bacteria) and agents (viruses, prions) affecting human health and how they are treated. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 or instructor's consent. Goal 1A

    • BIOL3310Molecular Genetics with Lab
      BIOL3310 Molecular Genetics with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A study of cellular processes involved in the Central Dogma: DNA replication, transcription and translation. The study will include how gene expression is regulated at various levels, such as at the transcription level and post-translational level. Lastly students will study and perform different molecular genetic techniques used in laboratories today: pipetting, DNA gel electrophoresis, PCR and DNA cloning. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (C or better strongly recommended). +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL3420Human Anatomy with Lab
      BIOL3420 Human Anatomy with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A study of gross human anatomy utilizing charts, three dimensional models, computer simulations, and dissection of mammalian animals. The course will discuss regional and surface anatomy to establish the relationships of the various organ systems of the body. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 or PHED1500.

    • BIOL3440Human Physiology with Lab
      BIOL3440 Human Physiology with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A systems oriented study of the function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system levels with an emphasis on medical physiology. Laboratory includes computer simulations and use of Biopac equipment. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL3420 (grade of C or better strongly recommended) and one semester of chemistry or BIOL2100.

    • BIOL4310Biochemistry with Lab (also CHEM4310)
      BIOL4310 Biochemistry with Lab (also CHEM4310) - 4 s.h.

      An introduction to biologically important molecules and metabolic pathways and the laboratory techniques used to study and characterize them. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM3420/3421 and BIOL2100. +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL4400Immunology
      BIOL4400 Immunology - 3 s.h.

      Investigation of the innate and adaptive immune system, including inflammation, B and T cell development and function, immunization and its role in human health. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 and BIOL2360 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL4460Cell and Cancer Biology
      BIOL4460 Cell and Cancer Biology - 3 s.h.

      Students will investigate the cellular mechanisms of cancer and then will learn about a few specific cancers. Includes an in-depth study of the multistage model of carcinogenesis, genes involved in cancer, activation of cancer genes, signal transduction pathways that promote carcinogenesis, the mechanism of metastasis, apoptosis, how cancer treatments work, and the new potential cancer treatments. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). +This course is only offered every other year.

    • MATH1370Statistics for Sciences
      MATH1370 Statistics for Sciences - 3 s.h.

      Data analysis and measures of central tendency, dispersion, and correlation. Introduction to probability. Estimation and hypothesis testing. Bivariate regression. ANOVA. Introduction to nonparametric techniques. Prerequisite: 1 year high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

    • MATH1510Calculus I
      MATH1510 Calculus I - 4 s.h.

      Limits, continuity, differentiation, and applications including exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric, and inverse functions. Mean value theorem, curve sketching, Riemann sums, and the fundamental theorem of calculus. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

    BIOL2360Microbiology with Lab BIOL3310Molecular Genetics with Lab BIOL3420Human Anatomy with Lab BIOL3440Human Physiology with Lab BIOL4310Biochemistry with Lab (also CHEM4310) BIOL4400Immunology BIOL4460Cell and Cancer Biology MATH1370Statistics for Sciences MATH1510Calculus I
    Course Descriptions
    BIOL2360 Microbiology with Lab - 4 s.h.

    Students will learn about immunology, bacteriology, mycology, and virology. Emphasis will be placed on the cellular mechanism and role of microbial pathogens (bacteria) and agents (viruses, prions) affecting human health and how they are treated. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 or instructor's consent. Goal 1A

    BIOL3310 Molecular Genetics with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A study of cellular processes involved in the Central Dogma: DNA replication, transcription and translation. The study will include how gene expression is regulated at various levels, such as at the transcription level and post-translational level. Lastly students will study and perform different molecular genetic techniques used in laboratories today: pipetting, DNA gel electrophoresis, PCR and DNA cloning. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (C or better strongly recommended). +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL3420 Human Anatomy with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A study of gross human anatomy utilizing charts, three dimensional models, computer simulations, and dissection of mammalian animals. The course will discuss regional and surface anatomy to establish the relationships of the various organ systems of the body. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 or PHED1500.

    BIOL3440 Human Physiology with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A systems oriented study of the function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system levels with an emphasis on medical physiology. Laboratory includes computer simulations and use of Biopac equipment. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL3420 (grade of C or better strongly recommended) and one semester of chemistry or BIOL2100.

    BIOL4310 Biochemistry with Lab (also CHEM4310) - 4 s.h.

    An introduction to biologically important molecules and metabolic pathways and the laboratory techniques used to study and characterize them. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM3420/3421 and BIOL2100. +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL4400 Immunology - 3 s.h.

    Investigation of the innate and adaptive immune system, including inflammation, B and T cell development and function, immunization and its role in human health. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 and BIOL2360 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL4460 Cell and Cancer Biology - 3 s.h.

    Students will investigate the cellular mechanisms of cancer and then will learn about a few specific cancers. Includes an in-depth study of the multistage model of carcinogenesis, genes involved in cancer, activation of cancer genes, signal transduction pathways that promote carcinogenesis, the mechanism of metastasis, apoptosis, how cancer treatments work, and the new potential cancer treatments. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). +This course is only offered every other year.

    MATH1370 Statistics for Sciences - 3 s.h.

    Data analysis and measures of central tendency, dispersion, and correlation. Introduction to probability. Estimation and hypothesis testing. Bivariate regression. ANOVA. Introduction to nonparametric techniques. Prerequisite: 1 year high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

    MATH1510 Calculus I - 4 s.h.

    Limits, continuity, differentiation, and applications including exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric, and inverse functions. Mean value theorem, curve sketching, Riemann sums, and the fundamental theorem of calculus. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

  • Pre-Pharmacy Requirements

    Students interested in pursuing a Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) degree should major in Biology or Chemistry (with a Biology minor). For the best preparation, we recommend a double major in both Biology and Chemistry. Students should review the admissions requirements for the pharmacy schools of their choice. We recommend that students complete the following courses (along with the requirements for a major in Biology, Chemistry, or both) for preparation for admission and success in pharmacy school:

    During summers, students should consider internships or volunteer experiences at local hospitals or pharmacies to gain practical experience. Most students take the PCAT exam in June of their junior year and begin to apply to pharmacy schools during the summer following their junior year. Early application using the PharmCAS application service is strongly recommended.

    Courses Offered
    • BIOL3120Internship in Biological Sciences
      BIOL3120 Internship in Biological Sciences - 1-3 s.h.

      Developed in conjunction with and approved by an appropriate faculty member in the Biological Sciences. This internship will be with professionals who are in career areas relating to majors in the department and may be pursued abroad. The student is responsible for arranging their internship. May be repeated for a maximum of 9 semester hours. (Graded on a Pass/Fail basis.) Prerequisite: Instructor’s consent. Goal 1A

    • BIOL3310Molecular Genetics with Lab
      BIOL3310 Molecular Genetics with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A study of cellular processes involved in the Central Dogma: DNA replication, transcription and translation. The study will include how gene expression is regulated at various levels, such as at the transcription level and post-translational level. Lastly students will study and perform different molecular genetic techniques used in laboratories today: pipetting, DNA gel electrophoresis, PCR and DNA cloning. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (C or better strongly recommended). +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL3420Human Anatomy with Lab
      BIOL3420 Human Anatomy with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A study of gross human anatomy utilizing charts, three dimensional models, computer simulations, and dissection of mammalian animals. The course will discuss regional and surface anatomy to establish the relationships of the various organ systems of the body. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 or PHED1500.

    • BIOL3440Human Physiology with Lab
      BIOL3440 Human Physiology with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A systems oriented study of the function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system levels with an emphasis on medical physiology. Laboratory includes computer simulations and use of Biopac equipment. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL3420 (grade of C or better strongly recommended) and one semester of chemistry or BIOL2100.

    • BIOL4310Biochemistry with Lab (also CHEM4310)
      BIOL4310 Biochemistry with Lab (also CHEM4310) - 4 s.h.

      An introduction to biologically important molecules and metabolic pathways and the laboratory techniques used to study and characterize them. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM3420/3421 and BIOL2100. +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL4400Immunology
      BIOL4400 Immunology - 3 s.h.

      Investigation of the innate and adaptive immune system, including inflammation, B and T cell development and function, immunization and its role in human health. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 and BIOL2360 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL4460Cell and Cancer Biology
      BIOL4460 Cell and Cancer Biology - 3 s.h.

      Students will investigate the cellular mechanisms of cancer and then will learn about a few specific cancers. Includes an in-depth study of the multistage model of carcinogenesis, genes involved in cancer, activation of cancer genes, signal transduction pathways that promote carcinogenesis, the mechanism of metastasis, apoptosis, how cancer treatments work, and the new potential cancer treatments. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). +This course is only offered every other year.

    • CHEM3300Analytical Chemistry with Lab
      CHEM3300 Analytical Chemistry with Lab - 4 s.h.

      Study of theory and practice of modern separation and analytical techniques. Includes use of electrochemical, spectrometric and chromatographic instruments. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM1440/1441 with a . grade of C or better is strongly recommended. Offered odd years Spring. +This course is only offered every other year.

    • MATH1370Statistics for Sciences
      MATH1370 Statistics for Sciences - 3 s.h.

      Data analysis and measures of central tendency, dispersion, and correlation. Introduction to probability. Estimation and hypothesis testing. Bivariate regression. ANOVA. Introduction to nonparametric techniques. Prerequisite: 1 year high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

    • MATH1510Calculus I
      MATH1510 Calculus I - 4 s.h.

      Limits, continuity, differentiation, and applications including exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric, and inverse functions. Mean value theorem, curve sketching, Riemann sums, and the fundamental theorem of calculus. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

    BIOL3120Internship in Biological Sciences BIOL3310Molecular Genetics with Lab BIOL3420Human Anatomy with Lab BIOL3440Human Physiology with Lab BIOL4310Biochemistry with Lab (also CHEM4310) BIOL4400Immunology BIOL4460Cell and Cancer Biology CHEM3300Analytical Chemistry with Lab MATH1370Statistics for Sciences MATH1510Calculus I
    Course Descriptions
    BIOL3120 Internship in Biological Sciences - 1-3 s.h.

    Developed in conjunction with and approved by an appropriate faculty member in the Biological Sciences. This internship will be with professionals who are in career areas relating to majors in the department and may be pursued abroad. The student is responsible for arranging their internship. May be repeated for a maximum of 9 semester hours. (Graded on a Pass/Fail basis.) Prerequisite: Instructor’s consent. Goal 1A

    BIOL3310 Molecular Genetics with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A study of cellular processes involved in the Central Dogma: DNA replication, transcription and translation. The study will include how gene expression is regulated at various levels, such as at the transcription level and post-translational level. Lastly students will study and perform different molecular genetic techniques used in laboratories today: pipetting, DNA gel electrophoresis, PCR and DNA cloning. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (C or better strongly recommended). +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL3420 Human Anatomy with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A study of gross human anatomy utilizing charts, three dimensional models, computer simulations, and dissection of mammalian animals. The course will discuss regional and surface anatomy to establish the relationships of the various organ systems of the body. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 or PHED1500.

    BIOL3440 Human Physiology with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A systems oriented study of the function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system levels with an emphasis on medical physiology. Laboratory includes computer simulations and use of Biopac equipment. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL3420 (grade of C or better strongly recommended) and one semester of chemistry or BIOL2100.

    BIOL4310 Biochemistry with Lab (also CHEM4310) - 4 s.h.

    An introduction to biologically important molecules and metabolic pathways and the laboratory techniques used to study and characterize them. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM3420/3421 and BIOL2100. +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL4400 Immunology - 3 s.h.

    Investigation of the innate and adaptive immune system, including inflammation, B and T cell development and function, immunization and its role in human health. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 and BIOL2360 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL4460 Cell and Cancer Biology - 3 s.h.

    Students will investigate the cellular mechanisms of cancer and then will learn about a few specific cancers. Includes an in-depth study of the multistage model of carcinogenesis, genes involved in cancer, activation of cancer genes, signal transduction pathways that promote carcinogenesis, the mechanism of metastasis, apoptosis, how cancer treatments work, and the new potential cancer treatments. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). +This course is only offered every other year.

    CHEM3300 Analytical Chemistry with Lab - 4 s.h.

    Study of theory and practice of modern separation and analytical techniques. Includes use of electrochemical, spectrometric and chromatographic instruments. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM1440/1441 with a . grade of C or better is strongly recommended. Offered odd years Spring. +This course is only offered every other year.

    MATH1370 Statistics for Sciences - 3 s.h.

    Data analysis and measures of central tendency, dispersion, and correlation. Introduction to probability. Estimation and hypothesis testing. Bivariate regression. ANOVA. Introduction to nonparametric techniques. Prerequisite: 1 year high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

    MATH1510 Calculus I - 4 s.h.

    Limits, continuity, differentiation, and applications including exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric, and inverse functions. Mean value theorem, curve sketching, Riemann sums, and the fundamental theorem of calculus. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

  • Pre-Veterinary Requirements

    Students interested in pursuing a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM) degree should major in Biology. Students should review the admissions requirements for the veterinary schools of their choice. We recommend that students complete the following courses (in addition to major requirements) for preparation for admission and success in veterinary school:

    During summers, students should consider internships or volunteer experiences at local veterinary hospitals or clinics to gain practical experience. Most students take the GRE exam (or MCAT for some schools) in April of their junior year and begin to apply to veterinary schools during the summer following their junior year. Early application using the VMCAS application service is strongly recommended.

    Courses Offered
    • BIOL3120Internship in Biological Sciences
      BIOL3120 Internship in Biological Sciences - 1-3 s.h.

      Developed in conjunction with and approved by an appropriate faculty member in the Biological Sciences. This internship will be with professionals who are in career areas relating to majors in the department and may be pursued abroad. The student is responsible for arranging their internship. May be repeated for a maximum of 9 semester hours. (Graded on a Pass/Fail basis.) Prerequisite: Instructor’s consent. Goal 1A

    • BIOL3310Molecular Genetics with Lab
      BIOL3310 Molecular Genetics with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A study of cellular processes involved in the Central Dogma: DNA replication, transcription and translation. The study will include how gene expression is regulated at various levels, such as at the transcription level and post-translational level. Lastly students will study and perform different molecular genetic techniques used in laboratories today: pipetting, DNA gel electrophoresis, PCR and DNA cloning. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (C or better strongly recommended). +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL3420Human Anatomy with Lab
      BIOL3420 Human Anatomy with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A study of gross human anatomy utilizing charts, three dimensional models, computer simulations, and dissection of mammalian animals. The course will discuss regional and surface anatomy to establish the relationships of the various organ systems of the body. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 or PHED1500.

    • BIOL3440Human Physiology with Lab
      BIOL3440 Human Physiology with Lab - 4 s.h.

      A systems oriented study of the function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system levels with an emphasis on medical physiology. Laboratory includes computer simulations and use of Biopac equipment. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL3420 (grade of C or better strongly recommended) and one semester of chemistry or BIOL2100.

    • BIOL4310Biochemistry with Lab (also CHEM4310)
      BIOL4310 Biochemistry with Lab (also CHEM4310) - 4 s.h.

      An introduction to biologically important molecules and metabolic pathways and the laboratory techniques used to study and characterize them. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM3420/3421 and BIOL2100. +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL4400Immunology
      BIOL4400 Immunology - 3 s.h.

      Investigation of the innate and adaptive immune system, including inflammation, B and T cell development and function, immunization and its role in human health. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 and BIOL2360 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL4460Cell and Cancer Biology
      BIOL4460 Cell and Cancer Biology - 3 s.h.

      Students will investigate the cellular mechanisms of cancer and then will learn about a few specific cancers. Includes an in-depth study of the multistage model of carcinogenesis, genes involved in cancer, activation of cancer genes, signal transduction pathways that promote carcinogenesis, the mechanism of metastasis, apoptosis, how cancer treatments work, and the new potential cancer treatments. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). +This course is only offered every other year.

    • HLTH2560Nutrition
      HLTH2560 Nutrition - 3 s.h.

      A study the principles of nutrition as it relates to health, exercise, sports and disease. Students will be presented with applied content that includes research-based guidelines meant to help students differentiate between nutrition recommendations that are backed by science and the overabundance of false and misleading information. Goal 1A

    • MATH1510Calculus I
      MATH1510 Calculus I - 4 s.h.

      Limits, continuity, differentiation, and applications including exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric, and inverse functions. Mean value theorem, curve sketching, Riemann sums, and the fundamental theorem of calculus. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.

    BIOL3120Internship in Biological Sciences BIOL3310Molecular Genetics with Lab BIOL3420Human Anatomy with Lab BIOL3440Human Physiology with Lab BIOL4310Biochemistry with Lab (also CHEM4310) BIOL4400Immunology BIOL4460Cell and Cancer Biology HLTH2560Nutrition MATH1510Calculus I
    Course Descriptions
    BIOL3120 Internship in Biological Sciences - 1-3 s.h.

    Developed in conjunction with and approved by an appropriate faculty member in the Biological Sciences. This internship will be with professionals who are in career areas relating to majors in the department and may be pursued abroad. The student is responsible for arranging their internship. May be repeated for a maximum of 9 semester hours. (Graded on a Pass/Fail basis.) Prerequisite: Instructor’s consent. Goal 1A

    BIOL3310 Molecular Genetics with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A study of cellular processes involved in the Central Dogma: DNA replication, transcription and translation. The study will include how gene expression is regulated at various levels, such as at the transcription level and post-translational level. Lastly students will study and perform different molecular genetic techniques used in laboratories today: pipetting, DNA gel electrophoresis, PCR and DNA cloning. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (C or better strongly recommended). +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL3420 Human Anatomy with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A study of gross human anatomy utilizing charts, three dimensional models, computer simulations, and dissection of mammalian animals. The course will discuss regional and surface anatomy to establish the relationships of the various organ systems of the body. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 or PHED1500.

    BIOL3440 Human Physiology with Lab - 4 s.h.

    A systems oriented study of the function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system levels with an emphasis on medical physiology. Laboratory includes computer simulations and use of Biopac equipment. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL3420 (grade of C or better strongly recommended) and one semester of chemistry or BIOL2100.

    BIOL4310 Biochemistry with Lab (also CHEM4310) - 4 s.h.

    An introduction to biologically important molecules and metabolic pathways and the laboratory techniques used to study and characterize them. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM3420/3421 and BIOL2100. +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL4400 Immunology - 3 s.h.

    Investigation of the innate and adaptive immune system, including inflammation, B and T cell development and function, immunization and its role in human health. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 and BIOL2360 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL4460 Cell and Cancer Biology - 3 s.h.

    Students will investigate the cellular mechanisms of cancer and then will learn about a few specific cancers. Includes an in-depth study of the multistage model of carcinogenesis, genes involved in cancer, activation of cancer genes, signal transduction pathways that promote carcinogenesis, the mechanism of metastasis, apoptosis, how cancer treatments work, and the new potential cancer treatments. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). +This course is only offered every other year.

    HLTH2560 Nutrition - 3 s.h.

    A study the principles of nutrition as it relates to health, exercise, sports and disease. Students will be presented with applied content that includes research-based guidelines meant to help students differentiate between nutrition recommendations that are backed by science and the overabundance of false and misleading information. Goal 1A

    MATH1510 Calculus I - 4 s.h.

    Limits, continuity, differentiation, and applications including exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric, and inverse functions. Mean value theorem, curve sketching, Riemann sums, and the fundamental theorem of calculus. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra. ELO6 Math, GE2B Foundational Skills-Mathematics/Quantitative.