Pre-Med, Pre-Dental, Pre-Optometry, or Pre-PA
Students interested in pursuing a Doctor of Medicine (MD), Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO), Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS), Doctor of Dental Medicine (DMD), Doctor of Optometry (OD), or Certified Physician’s Assistant (PA) degree should major in Biology or Chemistry (with a Biology minor). For the best preparation, we recommend a double major in both Biology and Chemistry. Students should review the admissions requirements for the professional schools of their choice. We recommend that students complete the following courses (along with the requirements for a major in Biology, Chemistry, or both ) for preparation for admission and success in medical, dental, optometry, PA or chiropractic school:
- BIOL2360 Microbiology
- BIOL3310 Molecular Genetics
- BIOL3420 Human Anatomy
- BIOL3400 Human Physiology
- BIOL4450 Cell Biology
- BIOL4460 Cancer Biology
- BIOL3500 Applied Pharmacology
- BIOL4400 Immunology
- BIOL4310 Biochemistry
- MATH1380 Introduction to Statistics
- MATH1510 Calculus I
During summers of their freshman and sophomore year, students should consider shadowing or volunteer experiences at local hospitals, clinics, or private practices to gain practical experience. Some programs require clinical hours. During the summer of their junior year students should participate in internships. Most students take the MCAT (medicine), DAT (dentistry), or OAT (optometry) exam early spring of the year they will apply. Most applications open in early summer and are rolling applications. Competitive applicants will submit their application within a week or two of the application opening. Many programs have centralized application processes that include: AMCAS (medicine), AADSAS (dentistry), OptomCAS (optometry), CASPA (PA). Students are encouraged to research individual program requirements early to ensure they can be incorporated into their schedules.
Courses for Pre-Med, Pre-Dental, Pre-Optometry, or Pre-Chiropractic
BIOL2360 Microbiology (3-2) 4 s.h.
Students will learn about immunology, bacteriology, mycology, and virology. Emphasis will be placed on the cellular mechanism and role of microbial pathogens (bacteria) and agents (viruses, prions) affecting human health and how they are treated. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 or instructor's consent. Goal 1A
BIOL3310 Molecular Genetics (3-3) 4 s.h.
A study of cellular processes involved in the Central Dogma: DNA replication, transcription and translation. The study will include how gene expression is regulated at various levels, such as at the transcription level and post-translational level. Lastly students will study and perform different molecular genetic techniques used in laboratories today: pipetting, DNA gel electrophoresis, PCR and DNA cloning. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A
BIOL3500 Applied Pharmacology 3 s.h.
A general study of the rationale for current drug therapy including classification of medication, mechanisms of action, main therapeutic effects, clinical indications, adverse reactions, and drug interactions. Does not substitute for NURS3450. Prerequisites: CHEM1330 or CHEM3410. Goal 1A
+ BIOL4450 Cell Biology (3-3) 4 s.h.
Investigation of the fine structures and functions of the cell and its parts. Includes an in-depth study of: 1) the regulatory mechanisms involved in cellular processes, such as transport of material, cell division, metabolism, signal transduction and apoptosis and 2) the fine structures, such as the different eukaryotic organelles, cytoskeleton, and prokaryotic appendages. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A
+ BIOL4460 Cancer Biology 3 s.h.
Students will investigate the cellular mechanisms of cancer and then will learn about a few specific cancers. Includes an in-depth study of the multistage model of carcinogenesis, genes involved in cancer, activation of cancer genes, signal transduction pathways that promote carcinogenesis, the mechanism of metastasis, apoptosis, how cancer treatments work, and the new potential cancer treatments. Prerequisite: BIOL3310, BIOL4450, or [BIOL2100 and BIOL/CHEM 4310] (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A
MATH1380 Introduction to Statistics 3 s.h.
Data analysis and measures of central tendency, dispersion, and correlation. Introduction to probability. Estimation and hypothesis testing. Bivariate regression. Elementary ANOVA. Introduction to nonparametric techniques. Prerequisite: 1 year high school algebra. Goal 3A, ELO6 Math
MATH1510 Calculus I 4 s.h.
Limits, continuity, differentiation, and applications including exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric, and inverse functions. Mean value theorem, curve sketching, Riemann sums, and the fundamental theorem of calculus. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra. Goal 3A, ELO6 Math
+ Denotes an alternate year course.