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  • BS Degree - Biology Major

    In addition to the essential education requirements, students majoring in Biology must complete 55-58 semester hours in Biology and related sciences.

    Core Courses – 14 s.h.

    Choose five of the following courses with at least one in each of the three areas – 17-20 s.h.
    Area 1:

    Area 2:

    Area 3:

    Other Required Courses – 24 s.h.

    Required essential education math requirement (6 s.h.)

    The following courses are strongly recommended for any student planning to attend professional school (medical, dental, pharmacy, veterinary, etc.) or graduate school in biology (or any related field).

    Neuroscience Concentration

    *For Psychology majors the prerequisite of BIOL3420 Human Anatomy will be waived in lieu of BIOL2300 Anatomy and Physiology I.

    Courses Offered
    • ATHT2500Medical Terminology
      ATHT2500 Medical Terminology - 2 s.h.

      A self-study, programmed-based opportunity to learn and understand medical terminology.

    • BIOL1500Fundamentals of Ecology and Evolution
      BIOL1500 Fundamentals of Ecology and Evolution - 3 s.h.

      A study of the diversity of life, focusing on the evolutionary processes that shape life and the ecological interactions among organisms and their physical environments. Goal 1A

    • BIOL1520Fundamentals of Organismal Biology
      BIOL1520 Fundamentals of Organismal Biology - 4 s.h.

      A comparative study of form and function across organisms, focusing on the various structures and strategies used by plants and animals to fulfill basic life needs. Additional fee required. Goal 1A

    • BIOL2100Fundamentals of Cell Biology and Genetics (3-2)
      BIOL2100 Fundamentals of Cell Biology and Genetics (3-2) - 4 s.h.

      A study of the various patterns and mechanisms of heredity, changes in the genetic material and the consequences of these genetic changes. The course will also give an introduction to cellular structures, macromolecules, and processes, including DNA replication, transcription, translation and cellular signaling. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM1330, CHEM3410, or (CHEM1410 and CHEM1450). (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

    • BIOL2360Microbiology (3-2)
      BIOL2360 Microbiology (3-2) - 4 s.h.

      Students will learn about immunology, bacteriology, mycology, and virology. Emphasis will be placed on the cellular mechanism and role of microbial pathogens (bacteria) and agents (viruses, prions) affecting human health and how they are treated. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 or instructor's consent. Goal 1A

    • BIOL2400Frontiers in Neuroscience (also PSYC2400)
      BIOL2400 Frontiers in Neuroscience (also PSYC2400) - 1 s.h.

      This course will explore historical and recent exploration in the field of neuroscience. Specifically, research will be presented related to cellular mechanisms of action in neuroscience, the use of animals in neuroscience, disease states related to neuroscience, drug discovery in neuroscience, and psychological medications in neuroscience.

    • BIOL2430Animal Biology
      BIOL2430 Animal Biology - 4 s.h.

      A survey of the major groups in the animal kingdom, including sponges, cnidarians, molluscs, arthropods, echinoderms, vertebrates, etc. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, reproduction, nutrition, and habitat will be considered. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL1400, BIOL1500, or BIOL1520. Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL2440Plant Biology
      BIOL2440 Plant Biology - 4 s.h.

      A survey of the major groups in the plant kingdom, including nonvascular plants, ferns and fern allies, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, and reproductive life cycles will be considered. In addition, plant growth and metabolism, algae, and fungi will be covered. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL1400, BIOL1500, or BIOL1520. Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL3120Internship in Biological Sciences
      BIOL3120 Internship in Biological Sciences - 1-3 s.h.

      Developed in conjunction with and approved by an appropriate faculty member in the Biological Sciences. This internship will be with professionals who are in career areas relating to majors in the department and may be pursued abroad. The student is responsible for arranging their internship. May be repeated for a maximum of 9 semester hours. (Graded on a Pass/Fail basis.) Prerequisite: Instructor’s consent. Goal 1A

    • BIOL3310Molecular Genetics (3-3)
      BIOL3310 Molecular Genetics (3-3) - 4 s.h.

      A study of cellular processes involved in the Central Dogma: DNA replication, transcription and translation. The study will include how gene expression is regulated at various levels, such as at the transcription level and post-translational level. Lastly students will study and perform different molecular genetic techniques used in laboratories today: pipetting, DNA gel electrophoresis, PCR and DNA cloning. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

    • BIOL3400Ecology and Conservation Biology (3-0)
      BIOL3400 Ecology and Conservation Biology (3-0) - 3 s.h.

      A study of how organisms interact with one another and with their physical environments at the physiological, population, community, and ecosystem levels. Case studies will use ecological concepts to develop conservation strategies for species, habitats, and ecosystems. Corequisite (for Biology majors): BIOL3401 Ecology and Conservation Biology Lab. Goal 6, EL06 Science - World Citizenship, ELO6 Science - Sustainability +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL3401Ecology and Conservation Biology Lab (0-2)
      BIOL3401 Ecology and Conservation Biology Lab (0-2) - 1 s.h.

      Additional fee required. Corequisite (for Biology majors): BIOL3400 Ecology and Conservation Biology. Prerequisite: Instructor’s consent. +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL3420Human Anatomy (3-2)
      BIOL3420 Human Anatomy (3-2) - 4 s.h.

      A study of gross human anatomy utilizing charts, three dimensional models, computer simulations, and dissection of mammalian animals. The course will discuss regional and surface anatomy to establish the relationships of the various organ systems of the body. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL1400 or BIOL2100 or PHED1240. Goal 1A

    • BIOL3440Human Physiology (3-2)
      BIOL3440 Human Physiology (3-2) - 4 s.h.

      A systems oriented study of the function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system levels with an emphasis on medical physiology. Laboratory includes computer simulations and use of Biopac equipment. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL3420 (grade of C or better strongly recommended) and one semester of chemistry. Goal 1A

    • BIOL3500Applied Pharmacology
      BIOL3500 Applied Pharmacology - 3 s.h.

      A general study of the rationale for current drug therapy including classification of medication, mechanisms of action, main therapeutic effects, clinical indications, adverse reactions, and drug interactions. Does not substitute for NURS3450. Prerequisites: CHEM1330 or CHEM3410. Goal 1A

    • BIOL4110Biology Seminar
      BIOL4110 Biology Seminar - 1 s.h.

      Presentation and discussion of current topics from the biological literature and biological world. Emphasis will be placed on finding, interpreting, and presenting primary journal articles. Prerequisite: Upper division status. Goal 1A

    • BIOL4120Research I (also CHEM4120)
      BIOL4120 Research I (also CHEM4120) - 1 s.h.

      Covers the basic elements of scientific research. Brief lectures on research methodologies and design will be provided. The student will develop a research schedule and write a research proposal in cooperation with a faculty mentor. The student will be expected to begin any initial research indicated in the research schedule. Prerequisite: BIOL2100, CHEM3410, and senior standing or consent of instructor. Goal 1A

    • BIOL4130Research II (also CHEM4130)
      BIOL4130 Research II (also CHEM4130) - 1 s.h.

      The student completes the research that was started in BIOL/CHEM4120. Highlights of the research will be presented orally and through a poster presentation. A final thesis manuscript is required for submission. Prerequisite: BIOL/CHEM4120. Goal 1A

    • BIOL4310Biochemistry (also CHEM4310) (3-3)
      BIOL4310 Biochemistry (also CHEM4310) (3-3) - 4 s.h.

      An introduction to biologically important molecules and metabolic pathways and the laboratory techniques used to study and characterize them. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM3420/3421 and BIOL2100. Goal 1A

    • BIOL4400Immunology
      BIOL4400 Immunology - 3 s.h.

      Investigation of the innate and adaptive immune system, including inflammation, B and T cell development and function, immunization and its role in human health. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 and BIOL2360 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL4450Cell Biology (3-3)
      BIOL4450 Cell Biology (3-3) - 4 s.h.

      Investigation of the fine structures and functions of the cell and its parts. Includes an in-depth study of: 1) the regulatory mechanisms involved in cellular processes, such as transport of material, cell division, metabolism, signal transduction and apoptosis and 2) the fine structures, such as the different eukaryotic organelles, cytoskeleton, and prokaryotic appendages. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL4460Cancer Biology
      BIOL4460 Cancer Biology - 3 s.h.

      Students will investigate the cellular mechanisms of cancer and then will learn about a few specific cancers. Includes an in-depth study of the multistage model of carcinogenesis, genes involved in cancer, activation of cancer genes, signal transduction pathways that promote carcinogenesis, the mechanism of metastasis, apoptosis, how cancer treatments work, and the new potential cancer treatments. Prerequisite: BIOL3310, BIOL4450, or [BIOL2100 and BIOL/CHEM 4310] (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    • CHEM1330Introduction to General, Organic, and Biochemistry
      CHEM1330 Introduction to General, Organic, and Biochemistry - 3 s.h.

      An introduction to the principles of inorganic, organic and biochemistry, including a study of atoms, chemical bonding, types of chemical reactions (focusing on ones in the cell), solution chemistry, introduction of biological molecules (proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and nucleic acids). This course is intended for students desiring a general education in chemistry, those majoring in nursing or allied health fields and those that need it to fulfill the chemistry requirement for fundamentals of cell biology and genetics course. Course will not count for credit in the Chemistry and/or Biology majors or minors. Prerequisite: MATH1280 or one year of high school algebra (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

    • CHEM1410General Chemistry I Workshop with Lab
      CHEM1410 General Chemistry I Workshop with Lab - 4 s.h.

      General Chemistry I Workshop is appropriate for any student interested in developing a strong background in chemistry. It is intended to be the first university chemistry course for science majors. As such, it will be fairly rigorous and will draw upon previous experience in mathematics and science. Major areas to be covered include atomic and molecular structures, chemical bonding, stoichiometric relationships, and chemical reactions. Laboratory activities and experiments are closely related to concepts introduced in class discussions and will allow students to develop their laboratory skills. Good safety practices and experimental record keeping will be stressed. Students are expected to actively participate in class activities and discussions in addition to homework assignments, individual/group study and preparation for exams. Prerequisites: MATH1280 and CHEM1310 or one year of high school chemistry.

    • CHEM1420General Chemistry II Workshop with Lab
      CHEM1420 General Chemistry II Workshop with Lab - 4 s.h.

      General Chemistry II Workshop is appropriate for any student interested in developing a strong background in chemistry. It is the continuation of CHEM1430. Students will gain a deeper understanding of basic chemical principles and will emphasize problem solving. It is fairly rigorous and will draw upon previous chemistry experience as well as mathematics and other science fields. Major areas to be covered include physical properties of solids, liquids, and solutions, intermolecular forces, energy changes in chemical reactions, thermodynamics, gas-phase equilibrium, and aqueous acid/base equilibrium. Laboratory activities and experiments are closely related to concepts introduced in class discussions and will allow students to develop their laboratory skills. Good safety practices and experimental record keeping will be stressed. Students are expected to actively participate in class activities and discussions in addition to homework assignments, individual/group study and preparation for exams. Prerequisite: CHEM1410.

    • CHEM3410Organic Chemistry I (0-3)
      CHEM3410 Organic Chemistry I (0-3) - 3 s.h.

      An in-depth study of modern organic chemistry including nomenclature, structure and bonding, synthesis, reaction mechanisms, and important functional groups and families of both aliphatic and aromatic compounds. Prerequisite: CHEM1440/1441 with a grade of C or better. is strongly recommended. Corequisite: CHEM3411 Organic Chemistry I Lab. Goal 1A

    • CHEM3411Organic Chemistry I Lab (0-3)
      CHEM3411 Organic Chemistry I Lab (0-3) - 1 s.h.

      Additional fee required. Corequisite: CHEM3410 Organic Chemistry I. Goal 1A

    • CHEM3420Organic Chemistry II (3-0)
      CHEM3420 Organic Chemistry II (3-0) - 3 s.h.

      A continuation of CHEM3410 which is a prerequisite. With a grade of C or better is strongly recommended. Corequisite: CHEM3421 Organic Chemistry II Lab. Goal 1A

    • CHEM3421Organic Chemistry II Lab (0-3)
      CHEM3421 Organic Chemistry II Lab (0-3) - 1 s.h.

      Additional fee required. Corequisite: CHEM3420 Organic Chemistry II. Goal 1A

    • MATH1280College Algebra
      MATH1280 College Algebra - 3 s.h.

      Solutions of polynomial, rational and radical equations, systems of equations, matrices, sequences, series, functions, exponentials. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra or DEVL1200. Goal 3A, ELO6 Math

    • MATH1380Introduction to Statistics
      MATH1380 Introduction to Statistics - 3 s.h.

      Data analysis and measures of central tendency, dispersion, and correlation. Introduction to probability. Estimation and hypothesis testing. Bivariate regression. Elementary ANOVA. Introduction to nonparametric techniques. Prerequisite: 1 year high school algebra. Goal 3A, ELO6 Math

    • MATH1510Calculus I
      MATH1510 Calculus I - 4 s.h.

      Limits, continuity, differentiation, and applications including exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric, and inverse functions. Mean value theorem, curve sketching, Riemann sums, and the fundamental theorem of calculus. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra. Goal 3A, ELO6 Math

    • PHYS1410Elements of Physics I
      PHYS1410 Elements of Physics I - 4 s.h.

      An elementary physics course emphasizing the fundamental concepts associated with the physical universe. Topics include Newtonian mechanics, fluids, heat thermodynamics, wave motion, and sound. Designed to meet the needs of biology majors and students preparing for the medical profession and related fields. Prerequisites: Two years high school algebra and one year geometry; plane trigonometry recommended. Goal 1A

    • PHYS1420Elements of Physics II
      PHYS1420 Elements of Physics II - 4 s.h.

      A continuation of PHYS1410. Topics included are electricity, magnetism, electromagnetic waves, light, relativity, quantum mechanics, and nuclear physics. Prerequisite: PHYS1410. Goal 1A

    • PSYC1300Introductory Psychology
      PSYC1300 Introductory Psychology - 3 s.h.

      An introductory survey of psychological methods and thoughts as they relate to human experience and behavior. Topics include the role of the central nervous system in mediating behavior, learning and memory, states of awareness, motivation and emotion, personality, psychological disorders, and therapy. Goal 1C, ELO5 Social Science - Innovation

    • PSYC3330Biopsychology
      PSYC3330 Biopsychology - 3 s.h.

      Examination of the biological substrates of behavior. Topics include synaptic transmission and patterns of neural activity, sleep and arousal, learning and memory, and motivation and emotion. Prerequisites: PSYC1300 and one of the following: BIOL1300, BIOL1400, BIOL2300. Goal 1C +This course is only offered every other year.

    • PSYC3390Cognitive Psychology
      PSYC3390 Cognitive Psychology - 3 s.h.

      Research and theory in areas of cognitive psychology, including attention; memory acquisition, storage, and retrieval; language comprehension; and problem solving. Prerequisite: PSYC1300. Goal 1C +This course is only offered every other year.

    • PSYC3500Principles of Learning
      PSYC3500 Principles of Learning - 3 s.h.

      Explores a variety of theories of learning. Considers both conceptual and applied aspects of learning. Prerequisite: PSYC1300. Goal 1C +This course is only offered every other year.

    • PSYC3520Research Methods Two
      PSYC3520 Research Methods Two - 3 s.h.

      Development and implementation of an original research project. Prerequisite: PSYC3320, psychology major. Goal 1C

    • PSYC3900CTopic – Animal Models of Psychopathology
      PSYC3900C Topic – Animal Models of Psychopathology - 3 s.h.

      An exploration of the role of animals in the experimental study of mental illness. Course includes the psychology and neurobiology of human psychopathology, historical conceptions, assessment of animal model validity and specific animal models for human illnesses such as schizophrenia, anxiety, depression, aggression, and memory disorders due both to disease and aging. Prerequisite: PSYC1300 or instructor consent.

    ATHT2500Medical Terminology BIOL1500Fundamentals of Ecology and Evolution BIOL1520Fundamentals of Organismal Biology BIOL2100Fundamentals of Cell Biology and Genetics (3-2) BIOL2360Microbiology (3-2) BIOL2400Frontiers in Neuroscience (also PSYC2400) BIOL2430Animal Biology BIOL2440Plant Biology BIOL3120Internship in Biological Sciences BIOL3310Molecular Genetics (3-3) BIOL3400Ecology and Conservation Biology (3-0) BIOL3401Ecology and Conservation Biology Lab (0-2) BIOL3420Human Anatomy (3-2) BIOL3440Human Physiology (3-2) BIOL3500Applied Pharmacology BIOL4110Biology Seminar BIOL4120Research I (also CHEM4120) BIOL4130Research II (also CHEM4130) BIOL4310Biochemistry (also CHEM4310) (3-3) BIOL4400Immunology BIOL4450Cell Biology (3-3) BIOL4460Cancer Biology CHEM1330Introduction to General, Organic, and Biochemistry CHEM1410General Chemistry I Workshop with Lab CHEM1420General Chemistry II Workshop with Lab CHEM3410Organic Chemistry I (0-3) CHEM3411Organic Chemistry I Lab (0-3) CHEM3420Organic Chemistry II (3-0) CHEM3421Organic Chemistry II Lab (0-3) MATH1280College Algebra MATH1380Introduction to Statistics MATH1510Calculus I PHYS1410Elements of Physics I PHYS1420Elements of Physics II PSYC1300Introductory Psychology PSYC3330Biopsychology PSYC3390Cognitive Psychology PSYC3500Principles of Learning PSYC3520Research Methods Two PSYC3900CTopic – Animal Models of Psychopathology
    Course Descriptions
    ATHT2500 Medical Terminology - 2 s.h.

    A self-study, programmed-based opportunity to learn and understand medical terminology.

    BIOL1500 Fundamentals of Ecology and Evolution - 3 s.h.

    A study of the diversity of life, focusing on the evolutionary processes that shape life and the ecological interactions among organisms and their physical environments. Goal 1A

    BIOL1520 Fundamentals of Organismal Biology - 4 s.h.

    A comparative study of form and function across organisms, focusing on the various structures and strategies used by plants and animals to fulfill basic life needs. Additional fee required. Goal 1A

    BIOL2100 Fundamentals of Cell Biology and Genetics (3-2) - 4 s.h.

    A study of the various patterns and mechanisms of heredity, changes in the genetic material and the consequences of these genetic changes. The course will also give an introduction to cellular structures, macromolecules, and processes, including DNA replication, transcription, translation and cellular signaling. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM1330, CHEM3410, or (CHEM1410 and CHEM1450). (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

    BIOL2360 Microbiology (3-2) - 4 s.h.

    Students will learn about immunology, bacteriology, mycology, and virology. Emphasis will be placed on the cellular mechanism and role of microbial pathogens (bacteria) and agents (viruses, prions) affecting human health and how they are treated. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 or instructor's consent. Goal 1A

    BIOL2400 Frontiers in Neuroscience (also PSYC2400) - 1 s.h.

    This course will explore historical and recent exploration in the field of neuroscience. Specifically, research will be presented related to cellular mechanisms of action in neuroscience, the use of animals in neuroscience, disease states related to neuroscience, drug discovery in neuroscience, and psychological medications in neuroscience.

    BIOL2430 Animal Biology - 4 s.h.

    A survey of the major groups in the animal kingdom, including sponges, cnidarians, molluscs, arthropods, echinoderms, vertebrates, etc. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, reproduction, nutrition, and habitat will be considered. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL1400, BIOL1500, or BIOL1520. Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL2440 Plant Biology - 4 s.h.

    A survey of the major groups in the plant kingdom, including nonvascular plants, ferns and fern allies, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, and reproductive life cycles will be considered. In addition, plant growth and metabolism, algae, and fungi will be covered. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL1400, BIOL1500, or BIOL1520. Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL3120 Internship in Biological Sciences - 1-3 s.h.

    Developed in conjunction with and approved by an appropriate faculty member in the Biological Sciences. This internship will be with professionals who are in career areas relating to majors in the department and may be pursued abroad. The student is responsible for arranging their internship. May be repeated for a maximum of 9 semester hours. (Graded on a Pass/Fail basis.) Prerequisite: Instructor’s consent. Goal 1A

    BIOL3310 Molecular Genetics (3-3) - 4 s.h.

    A study of cellular processes involved in the Central Dogma: DNA replication, transcription and translation. The study will include how gene expression is regulated at various levels, such as at the transcription level and post-translational level. Lastly students will study and perform different molecular genetic techniques used in laboratories today: pipetting, DNA gel electrophoresis, PCR and DNA cloning. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

    BIOL3400 Ecology and Conservation Biology (3-0) - 3 s.h.

    A study of how organisms interact with one another and with their physical environments at the physiological, population, community, and ecosystem levels. Case studies will use ecological concepts to develop conservation strategies for species, habitats, and ecosystems. Corequisite (for Biology majors): BIOL3401 Ecology and Conservation Biology Lab. Goal 6, EL06 Science - World Citizenship, ELO6 Science - Sustainability +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL3401 Ecology and Conservation Biology Lab (0-2) - 1 s.h.

    Additional fee required. Corequisite (for Biology majors): BIOL3400 Ecology and Conservation Biology. Prerequisite: Instructor’s consent. +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL3420 Human Anatomy (3-2) - 4 s.h.

    A study of gross human anatomy utilizing charts, three dimensional models, computer simulations, and dissection of mammalian animals. The course will discuss regional and surface anatomy to establish the relationships of the various organ systems of the body. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL1400 or BIOL2100 or PHED1240. Goal 1A

    BIOL3440 Human Physiology (3-2) - 4 s.h.

    A systems oriented study of the function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system levels with an emphasis on medical physiology. Laboratory includes computer simulations and use of Biopac equipment. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL3420 (grade of C or better strongly recommended) and one semester of chemistry. Goal 1A

    BIOL3500 Applied Pharmacology - 3 s.h.

    A general study of the rationale for current drug therapy including classification of medication, mechanisms of action, main therapeutic effects, clinical indications, adverse reactions, and drug interactions. Does not substitute for NURS3450. Prerequisites: CHEM1330 or CHEM3410. Goal 1A

    BIOL4110 Biology Seminar - 1 s.h.

    Presentation and discussion of current topics from the biological literature and biological world. Emphasis will be placed on finding, interpreting, and presenting primary journal articles. Prerequisite: Upper division status. Goal 1A

    BIOL4120 Research I (also CHEM4120) - 1 s.h.

    Covers the basic elements of scientific research. Brief lectures on research methodologies and design will be provided. The student will develop a research schedule and write a research proposal in cooperation with a faculty mentor. The student will be expected to begin any initial research indicated in the research schedule. Prerequisite: BIOL2100, CHEM3410, and senior standing or consent of instructor. Goal 1A

    BIOL4130 Research II (also CHEM4130) - 1 s.h.

    The student completes the research that was started in BIOL/CHEM4120. Highlights of the research will be presented orally and through a poster presentation. A final thesis manuscript is required for submission. Prerequisite: BIOL/CHEM4120. Goal 1A

    BIOL4310 Biochemistry (also CHEM4310) (3-3) - 4 s.h.

    An introduction to biologically important molecules and metabolic pathways and the laboratory techniques used to study and characterize them. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM3420/3421 and BIOL2100. Goal 1A

    BIOL4400 Immunology - 3 s.h.

    Investigation of the innate and adaptive immune system, including inflammation, B and T cell development and function, immunization and its role in human health. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 and BIOL2360 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL4450 Cell Biology (3-3) - 4 s.h.

    Investigation of the fine structures and functions of the cell and its parts. Includes an in-depth study of: 1) the regulatory mechanisms involved in cellular processes, such as transport of material, cell division, metabolism, signal transduction and apoptosis and 2) the fine structures, such as the different eukaryotic organelles, cytoskeleton, and prokaryotic appendages. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL4460 Cancer Biology - 3 s.h.

    Students will investigate the cellular mechanisms of cancer and then will learn about a few specific cancers. Includes an in-depth study of the multistage model of carcinogenesis, genes involved in cancer, activation of cancer genes, signal transduction pathways that promote carcinogenesis, the mechanism of metastasis, apoptosis, how cancer treatments work, and the new potential cancer treatments. Prerequisite: BIOL3310, BIOL4450, or [BIOL2100 and BIOL/CHEM 4310] (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    CHEM1330 Introduction to General, Organic, and Biochemistry - 3 s.h.

    An introduction to the principles of inorganic, organic and biochemistry, including a study of atoms, chemical bonding, types of chemical reactions (focusing on ones in the cell), solution chemistry, introduction of biological molecules (proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and nucleic acids). This course is intended for students desiring a general education in chemistry, those majoring in nursing or allied health fields and those that need it to fulfill the chemistry requirement for fundamentals of cell biology and genetics course. Course will not count for credit in the Chemistry and/or Biology majors or minors. Prerequisite: MATH1280 or one year of high school algebra (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

    CHEM1410 General Chemistry I Workshop with Lab - 4 s.h.

    General Chemistry I Workshop is appropriate for any student interested in developing a strong background in chemistry. It is intended to be the first university chemistry course for science majors. As such, it will be fairly rigorous and will draw upon previous experience in mathematics and science. Major areas to be covered include atomic and molecular structures, chemical bonding, stoichiometric relationships, and chemical reactions. Laboratory activities and experiments are closely related to concepts introduced in class discussions and will allow students to develop their laboratory skills. Good safety practices and experimental record keeping will be stressed. Students are expected to actively participate in class activities and discussions in addition to homework assignments, individual/group study and preparation for exams. Prerequisites: MATH1280 and CHEM1310 or one year of high school chemistry.

    CHEM1420 General Chemistry II Workshop with Lab - 4 s.h.

    General Chemistry II Workshop is appropriate for any student interested in developing a strong background in chemistry. It is the continuation of CHEM1430. Students will gain a deeper understanding of basic chemical principles and will emphasize problem solving. It is fairly rigorous and will draw upon previous chemistry experience as well as mathematics and other science fields. Major areas to be covered include physical properties of solids, liquids, and solutions, intermolecular forces, energy changes in chemical reactions, thermodynamics, gas-phase equilibrium, and aqueous acid/base equilibrium. Laboratory activities and experiments are closely related to concepts introduced in class discussions and will allow students to develop their laboratory skills. Good safety practices and experimental record keeping will be stressed. Students are expected to actively participate in class activities and discussions in addition to homework assignments, individual/group study and preparation for exams. Prerequisite: CHEM1410.

    CHEM3410 Organic Chemistry I (0-3) - 3 s.h.

    An in-depth study of modern organic chemistry including nomenclature, structure and bonding, synthesis, reaction mechanisms, and important functional groups and families of both aliphatic and aromatic compounds. Prerequisite: CHEM1440/1441 with a grade of C or better. is strongly recommended. Corequisite: CHEM3411 Organic Chemistry I Lab. Goal 1A

    CHEM3411 Organic Chemistry I Lab (0-3) - 1 s.h.

    Additional fee required. Corequisite: CHEM3410 Organic Chemistry I. Goal 1A

    CHEM3420 Organic Chemistry II (3-0) - 3 s.h.

    A continuation of CHEM3410 which is a prerequisite. With a grade of C or better is strongly recommended. Corequisite: CHEM3421 Organic Chemistry II Lab. Goal 1A

    CHEM3421 Organic Chemistry II Lab (0-3) - 1 s.h.

    Additional fee required. Corequisite: CHEM3420 Organic Chemistry II. Goal 1A

    MATH1280 College Algebra - 3 s.h.

    Solutions of polynomial, rational and radical equations, systems of equations, matrices, sequences, series, functions, exponentials. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra or DEVL1200. Goal 3A, ELO6 Math

    MATH1380 Introduction to Statistics - 3 s.h.

    Data analysis and measures of central tendency, dispersion, and correlation. Introduction to probability. Estimation and hypothesis testing. Bivariate regression. Elementary ANOVA. Introduction to nonparametric techniques. Prerequisite: 1 year high school algebra. Goal 3A, ELO6 Math

    MATH1510 Calculus I - 4 s.h.

    Limits, continuity, differentiation, and applications including exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric, and inverse functions. Mean value theorem, curve sketching, Riemann sums, and the fundamental theorem of calculus. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra. Goal 3A, ELO6 Math

    PHYS1410 Elements of Physics I - 4 s.h.

    An elementary physics course emphasizing the fundamental concepts associated with the physical universe. Topics include Newtonian mechanics, fluids, heat thermodynamics, wave motion, and sound. Designed to meet the needs of biology majors and students preparing for the medical profession and related fields. Prerequisites: Two years high school algebra and one year geometry; plane trigonometry recommended. Goal 1A

    PHYS1420 Elements of Physics II - 4 s.h.

    A continuation of PHYS1410. Topics included are electricity, magnetism, electromagnetic waves, light, relativity, quantum mechanics, and nuclear physics. Prerequisite: PHYS1410. Goal 1A

    PSYC1300 Introductory Psychology - 3 s.h.

    An introductory survey of psychological methods and thoughts as they relate to human experience and behavior. Topics include the role of the central nervous system in mediating behavior, learning and memory, states of awareness, motivation and emotion, personality, psychological disorders, and therapy. Goal 1C, ELO5 Social Science - Innovation

    PSYC3330 Biopsychology - 3 s.h.

    Examination of the biological substrates of behavior. Topics include synaptic transmission and patterns of neural activity, sleep and arousal, learning and memory, and motivation and emotion. Prerequisites: PSYC1300 and one of the following: BIOL1300, BIOL1400, BIOL2300. Goal 1C +This course is only offered every other year.

    PSYC3390 Cognitive Psychology - 3 s.h.

    Research and theory in areas of cognitive psychology, including attention; memory acquisition, storage, and retrieval; language comprehension; and problem solving. Prerequisite: PSYC1300. Goal 1C +This course is only offered every other year.

    PSYC3500 Principles of Learning - 3 s.h.

    Explores a variety of theories of learning. Considers both conceptual and applied aspects of learning. Prerequisite: PSYC1300. Goal 1C +This course is only offered every other year.

    PSYC3520 Research Methods Two - 3 s.h.

    Development and implementation of an original research project. Prerequisite: PSYC3320, psychology major. Goal 1C

    PSYC3900C Topic – Animal Models of Psychopathology - 3 s.h.

    An exploration of the role of animals in the experimental study of mental illness. Course includes the psychology and neurobiology of human psychopathology, historical conceptions, assessment of animal model validity and specific animal models for human illnesses such as schizophrenia, anxiety, depression, aggression, and memory disorders due both to disease and aging. Prerequisite: PSYC1300 or instructor consent.

  • Biology Minor

    A minor in Biology consists of 18 semester hours or more, including: BIOL1500BIOL1520BIOL2100 and BIOL electives.

    Courses Offered
    • BIOL1500Fundamentals of Ecology and Evolution
      BIOL1500 Fundamentals of Ecology and Evolution - 3 s.h.

      A study of the diversity of life, focusing on the evolutionary processes that shape life and the ecological interactions among organisms and their physical environments. Goal 1A

    • BIOL1520Fundamentals of Organismal Biology
      BIOL1520 Fundamentals of Organismal Biology - 4 s.h.

      A comparative study of form and function across organisms, focusing on the various structures and strategies used by plants and animals to fulfill basic life needs. Additional fee required. Goal 1A

    • BIOL2100Fundamentals of Cell Biology and Genetics (3-2)
      BIOL2100 Fundamentals of Cell Biology and Genetics (3-2) - 4 s.h.

      A study of the various patterns and mechanisms of heredity, changes in the genetic material and the consequences of these genetic changes. The course will also give an introduction to cellular structures, macromolecules, and processes, including DNA replication, transcription, translation and cellular signaling. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM1330, CHEM3410, or (CHEM1410 and CHEM1450). (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

    BIOL1500Fundamentals of Ecology and Evolution BIOL1520Fundamentals of Organismal Biology BIOL2100Fundamentals of Cell Biology and Genetics (3-2)
    Course Descriptions
    BIOL1500 Fundamentals of Ecology and Evolution - 3 s.h.

    A study of the diversity of life, focusing on the evolutionary processes that shape life and the ecological interactions among organisms and their physical environments. Goal 1A

    BIOL1520 Fundamentals of Organismal Biology - 4 s.h.

    A comparative study of form and function across organisms, focusing on the various structures and strategies used by plants and animals to fulfill basic life needs. Additional fee required. Goal 1A

    BIOL2100 Fundamentals of Cell Biology and Genetics (3-2) - 4 s.h.

    A study of the various patterns and mechanisms of heredity, changes in the genetic material and the consequences of these genetic changes. The course will also give an introduction to cellular structures, macromolecules, and processes, including DNA replication, transcription, translation and cellular signaling. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM1330, CHEM3410, or (CHEM1410 and CHEM1450). (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

  • Teacher Certification in Biology
    1. FOR BIOLOGY MAJORS WHO WANT A SECONDARY ENDORSEMENT (5-12): Students majoring in Biology who desire Iowa Teacher Certification with a Biology secondary endorsement must complete the major requirements above and the Secondary Education Program (with SCIE3360 Methods of Teaching Science and Mathematics as the appropriate methods course).
    2. OPTION 1: FOR NON-BIOLOGY MAJORS WHO WANT A SECONDARY BIOLOGY ENDORSEMENT (5-12). Non-Biology majors desiring a secondary Biology endorsement (5-12) in Iowa must complete a major in a secondary teaching field, the Secondary Education Program (with SCIE3360 Methods of Teaching Science and Mathematics as the appropriate methods course), and 27 semester hours in Biology including the following courses:
      BIOL1400 Unity of Life – 3 s.h.
      BIOL2360 Fundamentals of Microbiology – 4 s.h.
      BIOL2430 Animal Biology – 4 s.h.
      BIOL2440 Plant Biology – 4 s.h.
      BIOL3400 Ecology and Conservation Biology – 3 s.h. and BIOL3401 Ecology and Conservation Biology Lab – 1 s.h.
      BIOL3420 Human Anatomy – 4 s.h.
      BIOL3440 Human Physiology – 4 s.h.
      OPTION 2: FOR NON-BIOLOGY MAJORS WHO WANT A SECONDARY BIOLOGY ENDORSEMENT (5-12). Non-Biology majors desiring a secondary Biology endorsement (5-12) in Iowa must complete a major in a secondary teaching field, the Secondary Education Program (with SCIE3360 Methods of Teaching Science and Mathematics as the appropriate methods course), and 30 semester hours in the broad area of Science (BIOL, CHEM, SCIE) to include the following 15 semester hours in Biology:
      BIOL1500 Fundamentals of Ecology and Evolution – 3 s.h.
      BIOL1520 Fundamentals of Organismal Biology – 4 s.h.
      BIOL2100 Fundamentals of Cell Biology and Genetics – 4 s.h.
      Choose one of the following BIOL courses:
      BIOL2360 Microbiology – 4 s.h.
      BIOL2430 Animal Biology – 4 s.h.
      BIOL2440 Plant Biology – 4 s.h.
      BIOL3400 Ecology and Conservation Biology – 3 s.h. and BIOL3401 Ecology and Conservation Biology Lab – 1 s.h.
    Courses Offered
    • BIOL1400Unity of Life (3-0)
      BIOL1400 Unity of Life (3-0) - 3 s.h.

      A study of the key characteristics of life that unite all living organisms, including humans. Emphasis will be placed on comparing how humans and other organisms fulfill basic life needs. Will not count for credit in the Biology major or minor. Goal 1A, ELO6 Science - Equality, ELO6 Science - Equality and Peace

    • BIOL1500Fundamentals of Ecology and Evolution
      BIOL1500 Fundamentals of Ecology and Evolution - 3 s.h.

      A study of the diversity of life, focusing on the evolutionary processes that shape life and the ecological interactions among organisms and their physical environments. Goal 1A

    • BIOL1520Fundamentals of Organismal Biology
      BIOL1520 Fundamentals of Organismal Biology - 4 s.h.

      A comparative study of form and function across organisms, focusing on the various structures and strategies used by plants and animals to fulfill basic life needs. Additional fee required. Goal 1A

    • BIOL2100Fundamentals of Cell Biology and Genetics (3-2)
      BIOL2100 Fundamentals of Cell Biology and Genetics (3-2) - 4 s.h.

      A study of the various patterns and mechanisms of heredity, changes in the genetic material and the consequences of these genetic changes. The course will also give an introduction to cellular structures, macromolecules, and processes, including DNA replication, transcription, translation and cellular signaling. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM1330, CHEM3410, or (CHEM1410 and CHEM1450). (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

    • BIOL2360Microbiology (3-2)
      BIOL2360 Microbiology (3-2) - 4 s.h.

      Students will learn about immunology, bacteriology, mycology, and virology. Emphasis will be placed on the cellular mechanism and role of microbial pathogens (bacteria) and agents (viruses, prions) affecting human health and how they are treated. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 or instructor's consent. Goal 1A

    • BIOL2430Animal Biology
      BIOL2430 Animal Biology - 4 s.h.

      A survey of the major groups in the animal kingdom, including sponges, cnidarians, molluscs, arthropods, echinoderms, vertebrates, etc. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, reproduction, nutrition, and habitat will be considered. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL1400, BIOL1500, or BIOL1520. Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL2440Plant Biology
      BIOL2440 Plant Biology - 4 s.h.

      A survey of the major groups in the plant kingdom, including nonvascular plants, ferns and fern allies, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, and reproductive life cycles will be considered. In addition, plant growth and metabolism, algae, and fungi will be covered. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL1400, BIOL1500, or BIOL1520. Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL3400Ecology and Conservation Biology (3-0)
      BIOL3400 Ecology and Conservation Biology (3-0) - 3 s.h.

      A study of how organisms interact with one another and with their physical environments at the physiological, population, community, and ecosystem levels. Case studies will use ecological concepts to develop conservation strategies for species, habitats, and ecosystems. Corequisite (for Biology majors): BIOL3401 Ecology and Conservation Biology Lab. Goal 6, EL06 Science - World Citizenship, ELO6 Science - Sustainability +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL3401Ecology and Conservation Biology Lab (0-2)
      BIOL3401 Ecology and Conservation Biology Lab (0-2) - 1 s.h.

      Additional fee required. Corequisite (for Biology majors): BIOL3400 Ecology and Conservation Biology. Prerequisite: Instructor’s consent. +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL3420Human Anatomy (3-2)
      BIOL3420 Human Anatomy (3-2) - 4 s.h.

      A study of gross human anatomy utilizing charts, three dimensional models, computer simulations, and dissection of mammalian animals. The course will discuss regional and surface anatomy to establish the relationships of the various organ systems of the body. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL1400 or BIOL2100 or PHED1240. Goal 1A

    • BIOL3440Human Physiology (3-2)
      BIOL3440 Human Physiology (3-2) - 4 s.h.

      A systems oriented study of the function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system levels with an emphasis on medical physiology. Laboratory includes computer simulations and use of Biopac equipment. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL3420 (grade of C or better strongly recommended) and one semester of chemistry. Goal 1A

    • SCIE3360Methods of Teaching Science and Mathematics (also MATH3360)
      SCIE3360 Methods of Teaching Science and Mathematics (also MATH3360) - 3 s.h.

      A study of the objectives, methods, techniques, materials, and activities related to teaching science and mathematics in the secondary schools. Prerequisite: 20 hours in science or mathematics and Prerequisites: admittance into Teacher Education, unless part of an approved Liberal Studies Program. Goal 1A

    BIOL1400Unity of Life (3-0) BIOL1500Fundamentals of Ecology and Evolution BIOL1520Fundamentals of Organismal Biology BIOL2100Fundamentals of Cell Biology and Genetics (3-2) BIOL2360Microbiology (3-2) BIOL2430Animal Biology BIOL2440Plant Biology BIOL3400Ecology and Conservation Biology (3-0) BIOL3401Ecology and Conservation Biology Lab (0-2) BIOL3420Human Anatomy (3-2) BIOL3440Human Physiology (3-2) SCIE3360Methods of Teaching Science and Mathematics (also MATH3360)
    Course Descriptions
    BIOL1400 Unity of Life (3-0) - 3 s.h.

    A study of the key characteristics of life that unite all living organisms, including humans. Emphasis will be placed on comparing how humans and other organisms fulfill basic life needs. Will not count for credit in the Biology major or minor. Goal 1A, ELO6 Science - Equality, ELO6 Science - Equality and Peace

    BIOL1500 Fundamentals of Ecology and Evolution - 3 s.h.

    A study of the diversity of life, focusing on the evolutionary processes that shape life and the ecological interactions among organisms and their physical environments. Goal 1A

    BIOL1520 Fundamentals of Organismal Biology - 4 s.h.

    A comparative study of form and function across organisms, focusing on the various structures and strategies used by plants and animals to fulfill basic life needs. Additional fee required. Goal 1A

    BIOL2100 Fundamentals of Cell Biology and Genetics (3-2) - 4 s.h.

    A study of the various patterns and mechanisms of heredity, changes in the genetic material and the consequences of these genetic changes. The course will also give an introduction to cellular structures, macromolecules, and processes, including DNA replication, transcription, translation and cellular signaling. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM1330, CHEM3410, or (CHEM1410 and CHEM1450). (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

    BIOL2360 Microbiology (3-2) - 4 s.h.

    Students will learn about immunology, bacteriology, mycology, and virology. Emphasis will be placed on the cellular mechanism and role of microbial pathogens (bacteria) and agents (viruses, prions) affecting human health and how they are treated. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 or instructor's consent. Goal 1A

    BIOL2430 Animal Biology - 4 s.h.

    A survey of the major groups in the animal kingdom, including sponges, cnidarians, molluscs, arthropods, echinoderms, vertebrates, etc. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, reproduction, nutrition, and habitat will be considered. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL1400, BIOL1500, or BIOL1520. Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL2440 Plant Biology - 4 s.h.

    A survey of the major groups in the plant kingdom, including nonvascular plants, ferns and fern allies, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, and reproductive life cycles will be considered. In addition, plant growth and metabolism, algae, and fungi will be covered. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL1400, BIOL1500, or BIOL1520. Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL3400 Ecology and Conservation Biology (3-0) - 3 s.h.

    A study of how organisms interact with one another and with their physical environments at the physiological, population, community, and ecosystem levels. Case studies will use ecological concepts to develop conservation strategies for species, habitats, and ecosystems. Corequisite (for Biology majors): BIOL3401 Ecology and Conservation Biology Lab. Goal 6, EL06 Science - World Citizenship, ELO6 Science - Sustainability +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL3401 Ecology and Conservation Biology Lab (0-2) - 1 s.h.

    Additional fee required. Corequisite (for Biology majors): BIOL3400 Ecology and Conservation Biology. Prerequisite: Instructor’s consent. +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL3420 Human Anatomy (3-2) - 4 s.h.

    A study of gross human anatomy utilizing charts, three dimensional models, computer simulations, and dissection of mammalian animals. The course will discuss regional and surface anatomy to establish the relationships of the various organ systems of the body. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL1400 or BIOL2100 or PHED1240. Goal 1A

    BIOL3440 Human Physiology (3-2) - 4 s.h.

    A systems oriented study of the function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system levels with an emphasis on medical physiology. Laboratory includes computer simulations and use of Biopac equipment. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL3420 (grade of C or better strongly recommended) and one semester of chemistry. Goal 1A

    SCIE3360 Methods of Teaching Science and Mathematics (also MATH3360) - 3 s.h.

    A study of the objectives, methods, techniques, materials, and activities related to teaching science and mathematics in the secondary schools. Prerequisite: 20 hours in science or mathematics and Prerequisites: admittance into Teacher Education, unless part of an approved Liberal Studies Program. Goal 1A

  • Course list - Biology
    Courses Offered
    • BIOL1100Introduction to Sustainability (also SUST1100)
      BIOL1100 Introduction to Sustainability (also SUST1100) - 3 s.h.

      An introduction to the fundamentals of sustainability and its impact on biological systems. Explores how sustainability relates to population, ecosystems, global change, energy, agriculture, water, environmental economics and policy, ethics, and cultural history. Practical approaches to this course will be tied closely to small-scale agriculture and water use with hands-on fieldwork at the campus EcoPlot. Goal 1A, ELO6 Science - Sustainability

    • BIOL1260Environmental Biology (3-0)
      BIOL1260 Environmental Biology (3-0) - 3 s.h.

      An exploration of the environment, including the normal structure and functioning of ecosystems and the human impact on these ecosystems. Current environmental issues, such as human population growth, air and water pollution, climate change, loss of biodiversity, and ecosystem degradation, will be considered. Goal 1A, ELO6 Science - Peace, ELO6 Science - Sustainability

    • BIOL1400Unity of Life (3-0)
      BIOL1400 Unity of Life (3-0) - 3 s.h.

      A study of the key characteristics of life that unite all living organisms, including humans. Emphasis will be placed on comparing how humans and other organisms fulfill basic life needs. Will not count for credit in the Biology major or minor. Goal 1A, ELO6 Science - Equality, ELO6 Science - Equality and Peace

    • BIOL1500Fundamentals of Ecology and Evolution
      BIOL1500 Fundamentals of Ecology and Evolution - 3 s.h.

      A study of the diversity of life, focusing on the evolutionary processes that shape life and the ecological interactions among organisms and their physical environments. Goal 1A

    • BIOL1520Fundamentals of Organismal Biology
      BIOL1520 Fundamentals of Organismal Biology - 4 s.h.

      A comparative study of form and function across organisms, focusing on the various structures and strategies used by plants and animals to fulfill basic life needs. Additional fee required. Goal 1A

    • BIOL2100Fundamentals of Cell Biology and Genetics (3-2)
      BIOL2100 Fundamentals of Cell Biology and Genetics (3-2) - 4 s.h.

      A study of the various patterns and mechanisms of heredity, changes in the genetic material and the consequences of these genetic changes. The course will also give an introduction to cellular structures, macromolecules, and processes, including DNA replication, transcription, translation and cellular signaling. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM1330, CHEM3410, or (CHEM1410 and CHEM1450). (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

    • BIOL2300Anatomy and Physiology I (2-2)
      BIOL2300 Anatomy and Physiology I (2-2) - 3 s.h.

      The study of structure and function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system level. All organ systems are discussed. Emphasis is on the anatomy of the musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, and digestive systems. Laboratory includes both gross and microscopic structure and function. (One year each of high school biology and chemistry or the equivalent strongly recommended.) Additional fee required. Goal 1A

    • BIOL2310Anatomy and Physiology II (2-2)
      BIOL2310 Anatomy and Physiology II (2-2) - 3 s.h.

      The focus is on the physiology of the organ systems, specifically the endocrine and reproductive systems. Fluid-electrolyte balance, acid-base balance, and metabolism are also emphasized. Online only. Prerequisite: BIOL2300. Goal 1A

    • BIOL2350Introduction to Microbiology
      BIOL2350 Introduction to Microbiology - 4 s.h.

      Students will learn about immunology, bacteriology, mycology, and virology. Emphasis will be placed on the cellular mechanisms and role of microbial pathogens (bacteria) and agents (viruses, prions) affecting human health and how they are treated. Credit is not allowed for this course and BIOL2360. Prerequisites: CHEM1330 or BIOL2100 or instructors consent or enrollment in the RN to BSN program.

    • BIOL2360Microbiology (3-2)
      BIOL2360 Microbiology (3-2) - 4 s.h.

      Students will learn about immunology, bacteriology, mycology, and virology. Emphasis will be placed on the cellular mechanism and role of microbial pathogens (bacteria) and agents (viruses, prions) affecting human health and how they are treated. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 or instructor's consent. Goal 1A

    • BIOL2400Frontiers in Neuroscience (also PSYC2400)
      BIOL2400 Frontiers in Neuroscience (also PSYC2400) - 1 s.h.

      This course will explore historical and recent exploration in the field of neuroscience. Specifically, research will be presented related to cellular mechanisms of action in neuroscience, the use of animals in neuroscience, disease states related to neuroscience, drug discovery in neuroscience, and psychological medications in neuroscience.

    • BIOL2430Animal Biology
      BIOL2430 Animal Biology - 4 s.h.

      A survey of the major groups in the animal kingdom, including sponges, cnidarians, molluscs, arthropods, echinoderms, vertebrates, etc. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, reproduction, nutrition, and habitat will be considered. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL1400, BIOL1500, or BIOL1520. Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL2440Plant Biology
      BIOL2440 Plant Biology - 4 s.h.

      A survey of the major groups in the plant kingdom, including nonvascular plants, ferns and fern allies, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, and reproductive life cycles will be considered. In addition, plant growth and metabolism, algae, and fungi will be covered. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL1400, BIOL1500, or BIOL1520. Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL2580Drug Development and Society
      BIOL2580 Drug Development and Society - 3 s.h.

      An exploration of drug discovery, development, and delivery from the medicinal herbs of the Middle Ages through the present day pharmaceutical industry. Drug safety for society is the underlying theme. Topics include pharmacology of selected herbs, drug delivery systems, and federal regulation of drugs. ELO6 Science - Innovation

    • BIOL2900Special Topics
      BIOL2900 Special Topics - 1-3 s.h.

      Study of selected topics of general interest in biology, to be announced prior to the semester when the course is offered. May be repeated for credit as topics change. Goal 1A

    • BIOL3120Internship in Biological Sciences
      BIOL3120 Internship in Biological Sciences - 1-3 s.h.

      Developed in conjunction with and approved by an appropriate faculty member in the Biological Sciences. This internship will be with professionals who are in career areas relating to majors in the department and may be pursued abroad. The student is responsible for arranging their internship. May be repeated for a maximum of 9 semester hours. (Graded on a Pass/Fail basis.) Prerequisite: Instructor’s consent. Goal 1A

    • BIOL3310Molecular Genetics (3-3)
      BIOL3310 Molecular Genetics (3-3) - 4 s.h.

      A study of cellular processes involved in the Central Dogma: DNA replication, transcription and translation. The study will include how gene expression is regulated at various levels, such as at the transcription level and post-translational level. Lastly students will study and perform different molecular genetic techniques used in laboratories today: pipetting, DNA gel electrophoresis, PCR and DNA cloning. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

    • BIOL3400Ecology and Conservation Biology (3-0)
      BIOL3400 Ecology and Conservation Biology (3-0) - 3 s.h.

      A study of how organisms interact with one another and with their physical environments at the physiological, population, community, and ecosystem levels. Case studies will use ecological concepts to develop conservation strategies for species, habitats, and ecosystems. Corequisite (for Biology majors): BIOL3401 Ecology and Conservation Biology Lab. Goal 6, EL06 Science - World Citizenship, ELO6 Science - Sustainability +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL3401Ecology and Conservation Biology Lab (0-2)
      BIOL3401 Ecology and Conservation Biology Lab (0-2) - 1 s.h.

      Additional fee required. Corequisite (for Biology majors): BIOL3400 Ecology and Conservation Biology. Prerequisite: Instructor’s consent. +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL3420Human Anatomy (3-2)
      BIOL3420 Human Anatomy (3-2) - 4 s.h.

      A study of gross human anatomy utilizing charts, three dimensional models, computer simulations, and dissection of mammalian animals. The course will discuss regional and surface anatomy to establish the relationships of the various organ systems of the body. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL1400 or BIOL2100 or PHED1240. Goal 1A

    • BIOL3440Human Physiology (3-2)
      BIOL3440 Human Physiology (3-2) - 4 s.h.

      A systems oriented study of the function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system levels with an emphasis on medical physiology. Laboratory includes computer simulations and use of Biopac equipment. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL3420 (grade of C or better strongly recommended) and one semester of chemistry. Goal 1A

    • BIOL3500Applied Pharmacology
      BIOL3500 Applied Pharmacology - 3 s.h.

      A general study of the rationale for current drug therapy including classification of medication, mechanisms of action, main therapeutic effects, clinical indications, adverse reactions, and drug interactions. Does not substitute for NURS3450. Prerequisites: CHEM1330 or CHEM3410. Goal 1A

    • BIOL4110Biology Seminar
      BIOL4110 Biology Seminar - 1 s.h.

      Presentation and discussion of current topics from the biological literature and biological world. Emphasis will be placed on finding, interpreting, and presenting primary journal articles. Prerequisite: Upper division status. Goal 1A

    • BIOL4120Research I (also CHEM4120)
      BIOL4120 Research I (also CHEM4120) - 1 s.h.

      Covers the basic elements of scientific research. Brief lectures on research methodologies and design will be provided. The student will develop a research schedule and write a research proposal in cooperation with a faculty mentor. The student will be expected to begin any initial research indicated in the research schedule. Prerequisite: BIOL2100, CHEM3410, and senior standing or consent of instructor. Goal 1A

    • BIOL4130Research II (also CHEM4130)
      BIOL4130 Research II (also CHEM4130) - 1 s.h.

      The student completes the research that was started in BIOL/CHEM4120. Highlights of the research will be presented orally and through a poster presentation. A final thesis manuscript is required for submission. Prerequisite: BIOL/CHEM4120. Goal 1A

    • BIOL4310Biochemistry (also CHEM4310) (3-3)
      BIOL4310 Biochemistry (also CHEM4310) (3-3) - 4 s.h.

      An introduction to biologically important molecules and metabolic pathways and the laboratory techniques used to study and characterize them. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM3420/3421 and BIOL2100. Goal 1A

    • BIOL4400Immunology
      BIOL4400 Immunology - 3 s.h.

      Investigation of the innate and adaptive immune system, including inflammation, B and T cell development and function, immunization and its role in human health. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 and BIOL2360 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL4450Cell Biology (3-3)
      BIOL4450 Cell Biology (3-3) - 4 s.h.

      Investigation of the fine structures and functions of the cell and its parts. Includes an in-depth study of: 1) the regulatory mechanisms involved in cellular processes, such as transport of material, cell division, metabolism, signal transduction and apoptosis and 2) the fine structures, such as the different eukaryotic organelles, cytoskeleton, and prokaryotic appendages. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL4460Cancer Biology
      BIOL4460 Cancer Biology - 3 s.h.

      Students will investigate the cellular mechanisms of cancer and then will learn about a few specific cancers. Includes an in-depth study of the multistage model of carcinogenesis, genes involved in cancer, activation of cancer genes, signal transduction pathways that promote carcinogenesis, the mechanism of metastasis, apoptosis, how cancer treatments work, and the new potential cancer treatments. Prerequisite: BIOL3310, BIOL4450, or [BIOL2100 and BIOL/CHEM 4310] (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL4900Special Topics
      BIOL4900 Special Topics - 1-3 s.h.

      Opportunity for a small group of advanced students to pursue in-depth study of an area or topic of interest. Will be offered on demand when faculty are available. Goal 1A

    • HLTH2560 Nutrition
      HLTH2560 Nutrition - 3 s.h.

      A study the principles of nutrition as it relates to health, exercise, sports and disease. Students will be presented with applied content that includes research-based guidelines meant to help students differentiate between nutrition recommendations that are backed by science and the overabundance of false and misleading information. Goal 1A

    BIOL1100Introduction to Sustainability (also SUST1100) BIOL1260Environmental Biology (3-0) BIOL1400Unity of Life (3-0) BIOL1500Fundamentals of Ecology and Evolution BIOL1520Fundamentals of Organismal Biology BIOL2100Fundamentals of Cell Biology and Genetics (3-2) BIOL2300Anatomy and Physiology I (2-2) BIOL2310Anatomy and Physiology II (2-2) BIOL2350Introduction to Microbiology BIOL2360Microbiology (3-2) BIOL2400Frontiers in Neuroscience (also PSYC2400) BIOL2430Animal Biology BIOL2440Plant Biology BIOL2580Drug Development and Society BIOL2900Special Topics BIOL3120Internship in Biological Sciences BIOL3310Molecular Genetics (3-3) BIOL3400Ecology and Conservation Biology (3-0) BIOL3401Ecology and Conservation Biology Lab (0-2) BIOL3420Human Anatomy (3-2) BIOL3440Human Physiology (3-2) BIOL3500Applied Pharmacology BIOL4110Biology Seminar BIOL4120Research I (also CHEM4120) BIOL4130Research II (also CHEM4130) BIOL4310Biochemistry (also CHEM4310) (3-3) BIOL4400Immunology BIOL4450Cell Biology (3-3) BIOL4460Cancer Biology BIOL4900Special Topics HLTH2560 Nutrition
    Course Descriptions
    BIOL1100 Introduction to Sustainability (also SUST1100) - 3 s.h.

    An introduction to the fundamentals of sustainability and its impact on biological systems. Explores how sustainability relates to population, ecosystems, global change, energy, agriculture, water, environmental economics and policy, ethics, and cultural history. Practical approaches to this course will be tied closely to small-scale agriculture and water use with hands-on fieldwork at the campus EcoPlot. Goal 1A, ELO6 Science - Sustainability

    BIOL1260 Environmental Biology (3-0) - 3 s.h.

    An exploration of the environment, including the normal structure and functioning of ecosystems and the human impact on these ecosystems. Current environmental issues, such as human population growth, air and water pollution, climate change, loss of biodiversity, and ecosystem degradation, will be considered. Goal 1A, ELO6 Science - Peace, ELO6 Science - Sustainability

    BIOL1400 Unity of Life (3-0) - 3 s.h.

    A study of the key characteristics of life that unite all living organisms, including humans. Emphasis will be placed on comparing how humans and other organisms fulfill basic life needs. Will not count for credit in the Biology major or minor. Goal 1A, ELO6 Science - Equality, ELO6 Science - Equality and Peace

    BIOL1500 Fundamentals of Ecology and Evolution - 3 s.h.

    A study of the diversity of life, focusing on the evolutionary processes that shape life and the ecological interactions among organisms and their physical environments. Goal 1A

    BIOL1520 Fundamentals of Organismal Biology - 4 s.h.

    A comparative study of form and function across organisms, focusing on the various structures and strategies used by plants and animals to fulfill basic life needs. Additional fee required. Goal 1A

    BIOL2100 Fundamentals of Cell Biology and Genetics (3-2) - 4 s.h.

    A study of the various patterns and mechanisms of heredity, changes in the genetic material and the consequences of these genetic changes. The course will also give an introduction to cellular structures, macromolecules, and processes, including DNA replication, transcription, translation and cellular signaling. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM1330, CHEM3410, or (CHEM1410 and CHEM1450). (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

    BIOL2300 Anatomy and Physiology I (2-2) - 3 s.h.

    The study of structure and function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system level. All organ systems are discussed. Emphasis is on the anatomy of the musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, and digestive systems. Laboratory includes both gross and microscopic structure and function. (One year each of high school biology and chemistry or the equivalent strongly recommended.) Additional fee required. Goal 1A

    BIOL2310 Anatomy and Physiology II (2-2) - 3 s.h.

    The focus is on the physiology of the organ systems, specifically the endocrine and reproductive systems. Fluid-electrolyte balance, acid-base balance, and metabolism are also emphasized. Online only. Prerequisite: BIOL2300. Goal 1A

    BIOL2350 Introduction to Microbiology - 4 s.h.

    Students will learn about immunology, bacteriology, mycology, and virology. Emphasis will be placed on the cellular mechanisms and role of microbial pathogens (bacteria) and agents (viruses, prions) affecting human health and how they are treated. Credit is not allowed for this course and BIOL2360. Prerequisites: CHEM1330 or BIOL2100 or instructors consent or enrollment in the RN to BSN program.

    BIOL2360 Microbiology (3-2) - 4 s.h.

    Students will learn about immunology, bacteriology, mycology, and virology. Emphasis will be placed on the cellular mechanism and role of microbial pathogens (bacteria) and agents (viruses, prions) affecting human health and how they are treated. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 or instructor's consent. Goal 1A

    BIOL2400 Frontiers in Neuroscience (also PSYC2400) - 1 s.h.

    This course will explore historical and recent exploration in the field of neuroscience. Specifically, research will be presented related to cellular mechanisms of action in neuroscience, the use of animals in neuroscience, disease states related to neuroscience, drug discovery in neuroscience, and psychological medications in neuroscience.

    BIOL2430 Animal Biology - 4 s.h.

    A survey of the major groups in the animal kingdom, including sponges, cnidarians, molluscs, arthropods, echinoderms, vertebrates, etc. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, reproduction, nutrition, and habitat will be considered. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL1400, BIOL1500, or BIOL1520. Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL2440 Plant Biology - 4 s.h.

    A survey of the major groups in the plant kingdom, including nonvascular plants, ferns and fern allies, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, and reproductive life cycles will be considered. In addition, plant growth and metabolism, algae, and fungi will be covered. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL1400, BIOL1500, or BIOL1520. Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL2580 Drug Development and Society - 3 s.h.

    An exploration of drug discovery, development, and delivery from the medicinal herbs of the Middle Ages through the present day pharmaceutical industry. Drug safety for society is the underlying theme. Topics include pharmacology of selected herbs, drug delivery systems, and federal regulation of drugs. ELO6 Science - Innovation

    BIOL2900 Special Topics - 1-3 s.h.

    Study of selected topics of general interest in biology, to be announced prior to the semester when the course is offered. May be repeated for credit as topics change. Goal 1A

    BIOL3120 Internship in Biological Sciences - 1-3 s.h.

    Developed in conjunction with and approved by an appropriate faculty member in the Biological Sciences. This internship will be with professionals who are in career areas relating to majors in the department and may be pursued abroad. The student is responsible for arranging their internship. May be repeated for a maximum of 9 semester hours. (Graded on a Pass/Fail basis.) Prerequisite: Instructor’s consent. Goal 1A

    BIOL3310 Molecular Genetics (3-3) - 4 s.h.

    A study of cellular processes involved in the Central Dogma: DNA replication, transcription and translation. The study will include how gene expression is regulated at various levels, such as at the transcription level and post-translational level. Lastly students will study and perform different molecular genetic techniques used in laboratories today: pipetting, DNA gel electrophoresis, PCR and DNA cloning. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

    BIOL3400 Ecology and Conservation Biology (3-0) - 3 s.h.

    A study of how organisms interact with one another and with their physical environments at the physiological, population, community, and ecosystem levels. Case studies will use ecological concepts to develop conservation strategies for species, habitats, and ecosystems. Corequisite (for Biology majors): BIOL3401 Ecology and Conservation Biology Lab. Goal 6, EL06 Science - World Citizenship, ELO6 Science - Sustainability +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL3401 Ecology and Conservation Biology Lab (0-2) - 1 s.h.

    Additional fee required. Corequisite (for Biology majors): BIOL3400 Ecology and Conservation Biology. Prerequisite: Instructor’s consent. +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL3420 Human Anatomy (3-2) - 4 s.h.

    A study of gross human anatomy utilizing charts, three dimensional models, computer simulations, and dissection of mammalian animals. The course will discuss regional and surface anatomy to establish the relationships of the various organ systems of the body. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL1400 or BIOL2100 or PHED1240. Goal 1A

    BIOL3440 Human Physiology (3-2) - 4 s.h.

    A systems oriented study of the function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system levels with an emphasis on medical physiology. Laboratory includes computer simulations and use of Biopac equipment. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL3420 (grade of C or better strongly recommended) and one semester of chemistry. Goal 1A

    BIOL3500 Applied Pharmacology - 3 s.h.

    A general study of the rationale for current drug therapy including classification of medication, mechanisms of action, main therapeutic effects, clinical indications, adverse reactions, and drug interactions. Does not substitute for NURS3450. Prerequisites: CHEM1330 or CHEM3410. Goal 1A

    BIOL4110 Biology Seminar - 1 s.h.

    Presentation and discussion of current topics from the biological literature and biological world. Emphasis will be placed on finding, interpreting, and presenting primary journal articles. Prerequisite: Upper division status. Goal 1A

    BIOL4120 Research I (also CHEM4120) - 1 s.h.

    Covers the basic elements of scientific research. Brief lectures on research methodologies and design will be provided. The student will develop a research schedule and write a research proposal in cooperation with a faculty mentor. The student will be expected to begin any initial research indicated in the research schedule. Prerequisite: BIOL2100, CHEM3410, and senior standing or consent of instructor. Goal 1A

    BIOL4130 Research II (also CHEM4130) - 1 s.h.

    The student completes the research that was started in BIOL/CHEM4120. Highlights of the research will be presented orally and through a poster presentation. A final thesis manuscript is required for submission. Prerequisite: BIOL/CHEM4120. Goal 1A

    BIOL4310 Biochemistry (also CHEM4310) (3-3) - 4 s.h.

    An introduction to biologically important molecules and metabolic pathways and the laboratory techniques used to study and characterize them. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM3420/3421 and BIOL2100. Goal 1A

    BIOL4400 Immunology - 3 s.h.

    Investigation of the innate and adaptive immune system, including inflammation, B and T cell development and function, immunization and its role in human health. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 and BIOL2360 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL4450 Cell Biology (3-3) - 4 s.h.

    Investigation of the fine structures and functions of the cell and its parts. Includes an in-depth study of: 1) the regulatory mechanisms involved in cellular processes, such as transport of material, cell division, metabolism, signal transduction and apoptosis and 2) the fine structures, such as the different eukaryotic organelles, cytoskeleton, and prokaryotic appendages. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL4460 Cancer Biology - 3 s.h.

    Students will investigate the cellular mechanisms of cancer and then will learn about a few specific cancers. Includes an in-depth study of the multistage model of carcinogenesis, genes involved in cancer, activation of cancer genes, signal transduction pathways that promote carcinogenesis, the mechanism of metastasis, apoptosis, how cancer treatments work, and the new potential cancer treatments. Prerequisite: BIOL3310, BIOL4450, or [BIOL2100 and BIOL/CHEM 4310] (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL4900 Special Topics - 1-3 s.h.

    Opportunity for a small group of advanced students to pursue in-depth study of an area or topic of interest. Will be offered on demand when faculty are available. Goal 1A

    HLTH2560 Nutrition - 3 s.h.

    A study the principles of nutrition as it relates to health, exercise, sports and disease. Students will be presented with applied content that includes research-based guidelines meant to help students differentiate between nutrition recommendations that are backed by science and the overabundance of false and misleading information. Goal 1A

Curriculum

  • BS Degree - Biology Major

    In addition to the essential education requirements, students majoring in Biology must complete 55-58 semester hours in Biology and related sciences.

    Core Courses – 14 s.h.

    Choose five of the following courses with at least one in each of the three areas – 17-20 s.h.
    Area 1:

    Area 2:

    Area 3:

    Other Required Courses – 24 s.h.

    Required essential education math requirement (6 s.h.)

    The following courses are strongly recommended for any student planning to attend professional school (medical, dental, pharmacy, veterinary, etc.) or graduate school in biology (or any related field).

    Neuroscience Concentration

    *For Psychology majors the prerequisite of BIOL3420 Human Anatomy will be waived in lieu of BIOL2300 Anatomy and Physiology I.

    Courses Offered
    • ATHT2500Medical Terminology
      ATHT2500 Medical Terminology - 2 s.h.

      A self-study, programmed-based opportunity to learn and understand medical terminology.

    • BIOL1500Fundamentals of Ecology and Evolution
      BIOL1500 Fundamentals of Ecology and Evolution - 3 s.h.

      A study of the diversity of life, focusing on the evolutionary processes that shape life and the ecological interactions among organisms and their physical environments. Goal 1A

    • BIOL1520Fundamentals of Organismal Biology
      BIOL1520 Fundamentals of Organismal Biology - 4 s.h.

      A comparative study of form and function across organisms, focusing on the various structures and strategies used by plants and animals to fulfill basic life needs. Additional fee required. Goal 1A

    • BIOL2100Fundamentals of Cell Biology and Genetics (3-2)
      BIOL2100 Fundamentals of Cell Biology and Genetics (3-2) - 4 s.h.

      A study of the various patterns and mechanisms of heredity, changes in the genetic material and the consequences of these genetic changes. The course will also give an introduction to cellular structures, macromolecules, and processes, including DNA replication, transcription, translation and cellular signaling. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM1330, CHEM3410, or (CHEM1410 and CHEM1450). (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

    • BIOL2360Microbiology (3-2)
      BIOL2360 Microbiology (3-2) - 4 s.h.

      Students will learn about immunology, bacteriology, mycology, and virology. Emphasis will be placed on the cellular mechanism and role of microbial pathogens (bacteria) and agents (viruses, prions) affecting human health and how they are treated. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 or instructor's consent. Goal 1A

    • BIOL2400Frontiers in Neuroscience (also PSYC2400)
      BIOL2400 Frontiers in Neuroscience (also PSYC2400) - 1 s.h.

      This course will explore historical and recent exploration in the field of neuroscience. Specifically, research will be presented related to cellular mechanisms of action in neuroscience, the use of animals in neuroscience, disease states related to neuroscience, drug discovery in neuroscience, and psychological medications in neuroscience.

    • BIOL2430Animal Biology
      BIOL2430 Animal Biology - 4 s.h.

      A survey of the major groups in the animal kingdom, including sponges, cnidarians, molluscs, arthropods, echinoderms, vertebrates, etc. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, reproduction, nutrition, and habitat will be considered. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL1400, BIOL1500, or BIOL1520. Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL2440Plant Biology
      BIOL2440 Plant Biology - 4 s.h.

      A survey of the major groups in the plant kingdom, including nonvascular plants, ferns and fern allies, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, and reproductive life cycles will be considered. In addition, plant growth and metabolism, algae, and fungi will be covered. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL1400, BIOL1500, or BIOL1520. Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL3120Internship in Biological Sciences
      BIOL3120 Internship in Biological Sciences - 1-3 s.h.

      Developed in conjunction with and approved by an appropriate faculty member in the Biological Sciences. This internship will be with professionals who are in career areas relating to majors in the department and may be pursued abroad. The student is responsible for arranging their internship. May be repeated for a maximum of 9 semester hours. (Graded on a Pass/Fail basis.) Prerequisite: Instructor’s consent. Goal 1A

    • BIOL3310Molecular Genetics (3-3)
      BIOL3310 Molecular Genetics (3-3) - 4 s.h.

      A study of cellular processes involved in the Central Dogma: DNA replication, transcription and translation. The study will include how gene expression is regulated at various levels, such as at the transcription level and post-translational level. Lastly students will study and perform different molecular genetic techniques used in laboratories today: pipetting, DNA gel electrophoresis, PCR and DNA cloning. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

    • BIOL3400Ecology and Conservation Biology (3-0)
      BIOL3400 Ecology and Conservation Biology (3-0) - 3 s.h.

      A study of how organisms interact with one another and with their physical environments at the physiological, population, community, and ecosystem levels. Case studies will use ecological concepts to develop conservation strategies for species, habitats, and ecosystems. Corequisite (for Biology majors): BIOL3401 Ecology and Conservation Biology Lab. Goal 6, EL06 Science - World Citizenship, ELO6 Science - Sustainability +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL3401Ecology and Conservation Biology Lab (0-2)
      BIOL3401 Ecology and Conservation Biology Lab (0-2) - 1 s.h.

      Additional fee required. Corequisite (for Biology majors): BIOL3400 Ecology and Conservation Biology. Prerequisite: Instructor’s consent. +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL3420Human Anatomy (3-2)
      BIOL3420 Human Anatomy (3-2) - 4 s.h.

      A study of gross human anatomy utilizing charts, three dimensional models, computer simulations, and dissection of mammalian animals. The course will discuss regional and surface anatomy to establish the relationships of the various organ systems of the body. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL1400 or BIOL2100 or PHED1240. Goal 1A

    • BIOL3440Human Physiology (3-2)
      BIOL3440 Human Physiology (3-2) - 4 s.h.

      A systems oriented study of the function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system levels with an emphasis on medical physiology. Laboratory includes computer simulations and use of Biopac equipment. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL3420 (grade of C or better strongly recommended) and one semester of chemistry. Goal 1A

    • BIOL3500Applied Pharmacology
      BIOL3500 Applied Pharmacology - 3 s.h.

      A general study of the rationale for current drug therapy including classification of medication, mechanisms of action, main therapeutic effects, clinical indications, adverse reactions, and drug interactions. Does not substitute for NURS3450. Prerequisites: CHEM1330 or CHEM3410. Goal 1A

    • BIOL4110Biology Seminar
      BIOL4110 Biology Seminar - 1 s.h.

      Presentation and discussion of current topics from the biological literature and biological world. Emphasis will be placed on finding, interpreting, and presenting primary journal articles. Prerequisite: Upper division status. Goal 1A

    • BIOL4120Research I (also CHEM4120)
      BIOL4120 Research I (also CHEM4120) - 1 s.h.

      Covers the basic elements of scientific research. Brief lectures on research methodologies and design will be provided. The student will develop a research schedule and write a research proposal in cooperation with a faculty mentor. The student will be expected to begin any initial research indicated in the research schedule. Prerequisite: BIOL2100, CHEM3410, and senior standing or consent of instructor. Goal 1A

    • BIOL4130Research II (also CHEM4130)
      BIOL4130 Research II (also CHEM4130) - 1 s.h.

      The student completes the research that was started in BIOL/CHEM4120. Highlights of the research will be presented orally and through a poster presentation. A final thesis manuscript is required for submission. Prerequisite: BIOL/CHEM4120. Goal 1A

    • BIOL4310Biochemistry (also CHEM4310) (3-3)
      BIOL4310 Biochemistry (also CHEM4310) (3-3) - 4 s.h.

      An introduction to biologically important molecules and metabolic pathways and the laboratory techniques used to study and characterize them. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM3420/3421 and BIOL2100. Goal 1A

    • BIOL4400Immunology
      BIOL4400 Immunology - 3 s.h.

      Investigation of the innate and adaptive immune system, including inflammation, B and T cell development and function, immunization and its role in human health. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 and BIOL2360 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL4450Cell Biology (3-3)
      BIOL4450 Cell Biology (3-3) - 4 s.h.

      Investigation of the fine structures and functions of the cell and its parts. Includes an in-depth study of: 1) the regulatory mechanisms involved in cellular processes, such as transport of material, cell division, metabolism, signal transduction and apoptosis and 2) the fine structures, such as the different eukaryotic organelles, cytoskeleton, and prokaryotic appendages. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL4460Cancer Biology
      BIOL4460 Cancer Biology - 3 s.h.

      Students will investigate the cellular mechanisms of cancer and then will learn about a few specific cancers. Includes an in-depth study of the multistage model of carcinogenesis, genes involved in cancer, activation of cancer genes, signal transduction pathways that promote carcinogenesis, the mechanism of metastasis, apoptosis, how cancer treatments work, and the new potential cancer treatments. Prerequisite: BIOL3310, BIOL4450, or [BIOL2100 and BIOL/CHEM 4310] (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    • CHEM1330Introduction to General, Organic, and Biochemistry
      CHEM1330 Introduction to General, Organic, and Biochemistry - 3 s.h.

      An introduction to the principles of inorganic, organic and biochemistry, including a study of atoms, chemical bonding, types of chemical reactions (focusing on ones in the cell), solution chemistry, introduction of biological molecules (proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and nucleic acids). This course is intended for students desiring a general education in chemistry, those majoring in nursing or allied health fields and those that need it to fulfill the chemistry requirement for fundamentals of cell biology and genetics course. Course will not count for credit in the Chemistry and/or Biology majors or minors. Prerequisite: MATH1280 or one year of high school algebra (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

    • CHEM1410General Chemistry I Workshop with Lab
      CHEM1410 General Chemistry I Workshop with Lab - 4 s.h.

      General Chemistry I Workshop is appropriate for any student interested in developing a strong background in chemistry. It is intended to be the first university chemistry course for science majors. As such, it will be fairly rigorous and will draw upon previous experience in mathematics and science. Major areas to be covered include atomic and molecular structures, chemical bonding, stoichiometric relationships, and chemical reactions. Laboratory activities and experiments are closely related to concepts introduced in class discussions and will allow students to develop their laboratory skills. Good safety practices and experimental record keeping will be stressed. Students are expected to actively participate in class activities and discussions in addition to homework assignments, individual/group study and preparation for exams. Prerequisites: MATH1280 and CHEM1310 or one year of high school chemistry.

    • CHEM1420General Chemistry II Workshop with Lab
      CHEM1420 General Chemistry II Workshop with Lab - 4 s.h.

      General Chemistry II Workshop is appropriate for any student interested in developing a strong background in chemistry. It is the continuation of CHEM1430. Students will gain a deeper understanding of basic chemical principles and will emphasize problem solving. It is fairly rigorous and will draw upon previous chemistry experience as well as mathematics and other science fields. Major areas to be covered include physical properties of solids, liquids, and solutions, intermolecular forces, energy changes in chemical reactions, thermodynamics, gas-phase equilibrium, and aqueous acid/base equilibrium. Laboratory activities and experiments are closely related to concepts introduced in class discussions and will allow students to develop their laboratory skills. Good safety practices and experimental record keeping will be stressed. Students are expected to actively participate in class activities and discussions in addition to homework assignments, individual/group study and preparation for exams. Prerequisite: CHEM1410.

    • CHEM3410Organic Chemistry I (0-3)
      CHEM3410 Organic Chemistry I (0-3) - 3 s.h.

      An in-depth study of modern organic chemistry including nomenclature, structure and bonding, synthesis, reaction mechanisms, and important functional groups and families of both aliphatic and aromatic compounds. Prerequisite: CHEM1440/1441 with a grade of C or better. is strongly recommended. Corequisite: CHEM3411 Organic Chemistry I Lab. Goal 1A

    • CHEM3411Organic Chemistry I Lab (0-3)
      CHEM3411 Organic Chemistry I Lab (0-3) - 1 s.h.

      Additional fee required. Corequisite: CHEM3410 Organic Chemistry I. Goal 1A

    • CHEM3420Organic Chemistry II (3-0)
      CHEM3420 Organic Chemistry II (3-0) - 3 s.h.

      A continuation of CHEM3410 which is a prerequisite. With a grade of C or better is strongly recommended. Corequisite: CHEM3421 Organic Chemistry II Lab. Goal 1A

    • CHEM3421Organic Chemistry II Lab (0-3)
      CHEM3421 Organic Chemistry II Lab (0-3) - 1 s.h.

      Additional fee required. Corequisite: CHEM3420 Organic Chemistry II. Goal 1A

    • MATH1280College Algebra
      MATH1280 College Algebra - 3 s.h.

      Solutions of polynomial, rational and radical equations, systems of equations, matrices, sequences, series, functions, exponentials. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra or DEVL1200. Goal 3A, ELO6 Math

    • MATH1380Introduction to Statistics
      MATH1380 Introduction to Statistics - 3 s.h.

      Data analysis and measures of central tendency, dispersion, and correlation. Introduction to probability. Estimation and hypothesis testing. Bivariate regression. Elementary ANOVA. Introduction to nonparametric techniques. Prerequisite: 1 year high school algebra. Goal 3A, ELO6 Math

    • MATH1510Calculus I
      MATH1510 Calculus I - 4 s.h.

      Limits, continuity, differentiation, and applications including exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric, and inverse functions. Mean value theorem, curve sketching, Riemann sums, and the fundamental theorem of calculus. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra. Goal 3A, ELO6 Math

    • PHYS1410Elements of Physics I
      PHYS1410 Elements of Physics I - 4 s.h.

      An elementary physics course emphasizing the fundamental concepts associated with the physical universe. Topics include Newtonian mechanics, fluids, heat thermodynamics, wave motion, and sound. Designed to meet the needs of biology majors and students preparing for the medical profession and related fields. Prerequisites: Two years high school algebra and one year geometry; plane trigonometry recommended. Goal 1A

    • PHYS1420Elements of Physics II
      PHYS1420 Elements of Physics II - 4 s.h.

      A continuation of PHYS1410. Topics included are electricity, magnetism, electromagnetic waves, light, relativity, quantum mechanics, and nuclear physics. Prerequisite: PHYS1410. Goal 1A

    • PSYC1300Introductory Psychology
      PSYC1300 Introductory Psychology - 3 s.h.

      An introductory survey of psychological methods and thoughts as they relate to human experience and behavior. Topics include the role of the central nervous system in mediating behavior, learning and memory, states of awareness, motivation and emotion, personality, psychological disorders, and therapy. Goal 1C, ELO5 Social Science - Innovation

    • PSYC3330Biopsychology
      PSYC3330 Biopsychology - 3 s.h.

      Examination of the biological substrates of behavior. Topics include synaptic transmission and patterns of neural activity, sleep and arousal, learning and memory, and motivation and emotion. Prerequisites: PSYC1300 and one of the following: BIOL1300, BIOL1400, BIOL2300. Goal 1C +This course is only offered every other year.

    • PSYC3390Cognitive Psychology
      PSYC3390 Cognitive Psychology - 3 s.h.

      Research and theory in areas of cognitive psychology, including attention; memory acquisition, storage, and retrieval; language comprehension; and problem solving. Prerequisite: PSYC1300. Goal 1C +This course is only offered every other year.

    • PSYC3500Principles of Learning
      PSYC3500 Principles of Learning - 3 s.h.

      Explores a variety of theories of learning. Considers both conceptual and applied aspects of learning. Prerequisite: PSYC1300. Goal 1C +This course is only offered every other year.

    • PSYC3520Research Methods Two
      PSYC3520 Research Methods Two - 3 s.h.

      Development and implementation of an original research project. Prerequisite: PSYC3320, psychology major. Goal 1C

    • PSYC3900CTopic – Animal Models of Psychopathology
      PSYC3900C Topic – Animal Models of Psychopathology - 3 s.h.

      An exploration of the role of animals in the experimental study of mental illness. Course includes the psychology and neurobiology of human psychopathology, historical conceptions, assessment of animal model validity and specific animal models for human illnesses such as schizophrenia, anxiety, depression, aggression, and memory disorders due both to disease and aging. Prerequisite: PSYC1300 or instructor consent.

    ATHT2500Medical Terminology BIOL1500Fundamentals of Ecology and Evolution BIOL1520Fundamentals of Organismal Biology BIOL2100Fundamentals of Cell Biology and Genetics (3-2) BIOL2360Microbiology (3-2) BIOL2400Frontiers in Neuroscience (also PSYC2400) BIOL2430Animal Biology BIOL2440Plant Biology BIOL3120Internship in Biological Sciences BIOL3310Molecular Genetics (3-3) BIOL3400Ecology and Conservation Biology (3-0) BIOL3401Ecology and Conservation Biology Lab (0-2) BIOL3420Human Anatomy (3-2) BIOL3440Human Physiology (3-2) BIOL3500Applied Pharmacology BIOL4110Biology Seminar BIOL4120Research I (also CHEM4120) BIOL4130Research II (also CHEM4130) BIOL4310Biochemistry (also CHEM4310) (3-3) BIOL4400Immunology BIOL4450Cell Biology (3-3) BIOL4460Cancer Biology CHEM1330Introduction to General, Organic, and Biochemistry CHEM1410General Chemistry I Workshop with Lab CHEM1420General Chemistry II Workshop with Lab CHEM3410Organic Chemistry I (0-3) CHEM3411Organic Chemistry I Lab (0-3) CHEM3420Organic Chemistry II (3-0) CHEM3421Organic Chemistry II Lab (0-3) MATH1280College Algebra MATH1380Introduction to Statistics MATH1510Calculus I PHYS1410Elements of Physics I PHYS1420Elements of Physics II PSYC1300Introductory Psychology PSYC3330Biopsychology PSYC3390Cognitive Psychology PSYC3500Principles of Learning PSYC3520Research Methods Two PSYC3900CTopic – Animal Models of Psychopathology
    Course Descriptions
    ATHT2500 Medical Terminology - 2 s.h.

    A self-study, programmed-based opportunity to learn and understand medical terminology.

    BIOL1500 Fundamentals of Ecology and Evolution - 3 s.h.

    A study of the diversity of life, focusing on the evolutionary processes that shape life and the ecological interactions among organisms and their physical environments. Goal 1A

    BIOL1520 Fundamentals of Organismal Biology - 4 s.h.

    A comparative study of form and function across organisms, focusing on the various structures and strategies used by plants and animals to fulfill basic life needs. Additional fee required. Goal 1A

    BIOL2100 Fundamentals of Cell Biology and Genetics (3-2) - 4 s.h.

    A study of the various patterns and mechanisms of heredity, changes in the genetic material and the consequences of these genetic changes. The course will also give an introduction to cellular structures, macromolecules, and processes, including DNA replication, transcription, translation and cellular signaling. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM1330, CHEM3410, or (CHEM1410 and CHEM1450). (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

    BIOL2360 Microbiology (3-2) - 4 s.h.

    Students will learn about immunology, bacteriology, mycology, and virology. Emphasis will be placed on the cellular mechanism and role of microbial pathogens (bacteria) and agents (viruses, prions) affecting human health and how they are treated. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 or instructor's consent. Goal 1A

    BIOL2400 Frontiers in Neuroscience (also PSYC2400) - 1 s.h.

    This course will explore historical and recent exploration in the field of neuroscience. Specifically, research will be presented related to cellular mechanisms of action in neuroscience, the use of animals in neuroscience, disease states related to neuroscience, drug discovery in neuroscience, and psychological medications in neuroscience.

    BIOL2430 Animal Biology - 4 s.h.

    A survey of the major groups in the animal kingdom, including sponges, cnidarians, molluscs, arthropods, echinoderms, vertebrates, etc. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, reproduction, nutrition, and habitat will be considered. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL1400, BIOL1500, or BIOL1520. Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL2440 Plant Biology - 4 s.h.

    A survey of the major groups in the plant kingdom, including nonvascular plants, ferns and fern allies, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, and reproductive life cycles will be considered. In addition, plant growth and metabolism, algae, and fungi will be covered. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL1400, BIOL1500, or BIOL1520. Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL3120 Internship in Biological Sciences - 1-3 s.h.

    Developed in conjunction with and approved by an appropriate faculty member in the Biological Sciences. This internship will be with professionals who are in career areas relating to majors in the department and may be pursued abroad. The student is responsible for arranging their internship. May be repeated for a maximum of 9 semester hours. (Graded on a Pass/Fail basis.) Prerequisite: Instructor’s consent. Goal 1A

    BIOL3310 Molecular Genetics (3-3) - 4 s.h.

    A study of cellular processes involved in the Central Dogma: DNA replication, transcription and translation. The study will include how gene expression is regulated at various levels, such as at the transcription level and post-translational level. Lastly students will study and perform different molecular genetic techniques used in laboratories today: pipetting, DNA gel electrophoresis, PCR and DNA cloning. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

    BIOL3400 Ecology and Conservation Biology (3-0) - 3 s.h.

    A study of how organisms interact with one another and with their physical environments at the physiological, population, community, and ecosystem levels. Case studies will use ecological concepts to develop conservation strategies for species, habitats, and ecosystems. Corequisite (for Biology majors): BIOL3401 Ecology and Conservation Biology Lab. Goal 6, EL06 Science - World Citizenship, ELO6 Science - Sustainability +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL3401 Ecology and Conservation Biology Lab (0-2) - 1 s.h.

    Additional fee required. Corequisite (for Biology majors): BIOL3400 Ecology and Conservation Biology. Prerequisite: Instructor’s consent. +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL3420 Human Anatomy (3-2) - 4 s.h.

    A study of gross human anatomy utilizing charts, three dimensional models, computer simulations, and dissection of mammalian animals. The course will discuss regional and surface anatomy to establish the relationships of the various organ systems of the body. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL1400 or BIOL2100 or PHED1240. Goal 1A

    BIOL3440 Human Physiology (3-2) - 4 s.h.

    A systems oriented study of the function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system levels with an emphasis on medical physiology. Laboratory includes computer simulations and use of Biopac equipment. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL3420 (grade of C or better strongly recommended) and one semester of chemistry. Goal 1A

    BIOL3500 Applied Pharmacology - 3 s.h.

    A general study of the rationale for current drug therapy including classification of medication, mechanisms of action, main therapeutic effects, clinical indications, adverse reactions, and drug interactions. Does not substitute for NURS3450. Prerequisites: CHEM1330 or CHEM3410. Goal 1A

    BIOL4110 Biology Seminar - 1 s.h.

    Presentation and discussion of current topics from the biological literature and biological world. Emphasis will be placed on finding, interpreting, and presenting primary journal articles. Prerequisite: Upper division status. Goal 1A

    BIOL4120 Research I (also CHEM4120) - 1 s.h.

    Covers the basic elements of scientific research. Brief lectures on research methodologies and design will be provided. The student will develop a research schedule and write a research proposal in cooperation with a faculty mentor. The student will be expected to begin any initial research indicated in the research schedule. Prerequisite: BIOL2100, CHEM3410, and senior standing or consent of instructor. Goal 1A

    BIOL4130 Research II (also CHEM4130) - 1 s.h.

    The student completes the research that was started in BIOL/CHEM4120. Highlights of the research will be presented orally and through a poster presentation. A final thesis manuscript is required for submission. Prerequisite: BIOL/CHEM4120. Goal 1A

    BIOL4310 Biochemistry (also CHEM4310) (3-3) - 4 s.h.

    An introduction to biologically important molecules and metabolic pathways and the laboratory techniques used to study and characterize them. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM3420/3421 and BIOL2100. Goal 1A

    BIOL4400 Immunology - 3 s.h.

    Investigation of the innate and adaptive immune system, including inflammation, B and T cell development and function, immunization and its role in human health. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 and BIOL2360 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL4450 Cell Biology (3-3) - 4 s.h.

    Investigation of the fine structures and functions of the cell and its parts. Includes an in-depth study of: 1) the regulatory mechanisms involved in cellular processes, such as transport of material, cell division, metabolism, signal transduction and apoptosis and 2) the fine structures, such as the different eukaryotic organelles, cytoskeleton, and prokaryotic appendages. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL4460 Cancer Biology - 3 s.h.

    Students will investigate the cellular mechanisms of cancer and then will learn about a few specific cancers. Includes an in-depth study of the multistage model of carcinogenesis, genes involved in cancer, activation of cancer genes, signal transduction pathways that promote carcinogenesis, the mechanism of metastasis, apoptosis, how cancer treatments work, and the new potential cancer treatments. Prerequisite: BIOL3310, BIOL4450, or [BIOL2100 and BIOL/CHEM 4310] (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    CHEM1330 Introduction to General, Organic, and Biochemistry - 3 s.h.

    An introduction to the principles of inorganic, organic and biochemistry, including a study of atoms, chemical bonding, types of chemical reactions (focusing on ones in the cell), solution chemistry, introduction of biological molecules (proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and nucleic acids). This course is intended for students desiring a general education in chemistry, those majoring in nursing or allied health fields and those that need it to fulfill the chemistry requirement for fundamentals of cell biology and genetics course. Course will not count for credit in the Chemistry and/or Biology majors or minors. Prerequisite: MATH1280 or one year of high school algebra (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

    CHEM1410 General Chemistry I Workshop with Lab - 4 s.h.

    General Chemistry I Workshop is appropriate for any student interested in developing a strong background in chemistry. It is intended to be the first university chemistry course for science majors. As such, it will be fairly rigorous and will draw upon previous experience in mathematics and science. Major areas to be covered include atomic and molecular structures, chemical bonding, stoichiometric relationships, and chemical reactions. Laboratory activities and experiments are closely related to concepts introduced in class discussions and will allow students to develop their laboratory skills. Good safety practices and experimental record keeping will be stressed. Students are expected to actively participate in class activities and discussions in addition to homework assignments, individual/group study and preparation for exams. Prerequisites: MATH1280 and CHEM1310 or one year of high school chemistry.

    CHEM1420 General Chemistry II Workshop with Lab - 4 s.h.

    General Chemistry II Workshop is appropriate for any student interested in developing a strong background in chemistry. It is the continuation of CHEM1430. Students will gain a deeper understanding of basic chemical principles and will emphasize problem solving. It is fairly rigorous and will draw upon previous chemistry experience as well as mathematics and other science fields. Major areas to be covered include physical properties of solids, liquids, and solutions, intermolecular forces, energy changes in chemical reactions, thermodynamics, gas-phase equilibrium, and aqueous acid/base equilibrium. Laboratory activities and experiments are closely related to concepts introduced in class discussions and will allow students to develop their laboratory skills. Good safety practices and experimental record keeping will be stressed. Students are expected to actively participate in class activities and discussions in addition to homework assignments, individual/group study and preparation for exams. Prerequisite: CHEM1410.

    CHEM3410 Organic Chemistry I (0-3) - 3 s.h.

    An in-depth study of modern organic chemistry including nomenclature, structure and bonding, synthesis, reaction mechanisms, and important functional groups and families of both aliphatic and aromatic compounds. Prerequisite: CHEM1440/1441 with a grade of C or better. is strongly recommended. Corequisite: CHEM3411 Organic Chemistry I Lab. Goal 1A

    CHEM3411 Organic Chemistry I Lab (0-3) - 1 s.h.

    Additional fee required. Corequisite: CHEM3410 Organic Chemistry I. Goal 1A

    CHEM3420 Organic Chemistry II (3-0) - 3 s.h.

    A continuation of CHEM3410 which is a prerequisite. With a grade of C or better is strongly recommended. Corequisite: CHEM3421 Organic Chemistry II Lab. Goal 1A

    CHEM3421 Organic Chemistry II Lab (0-3) - 1 s.h.

    Additional fee required. Corequisite: CHEM3420 Organic Chemistry II. Goal 1A

    MATH1280 College Algebra - 3 s.h.

    Solutions of polynomial, rational and radical equations, systems of equations, matrices, sequences, series, functions, exponentials. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra or DEVL1200. Goal 3A, ELO6 Math

    MATH1380 Introduction to Statistics - 3 s.h.

    Data analysis and measures of central tendency, dispersion, and correlation. Introduction to probability. Estimation and hypothesis testing. Bivariate regression. Elementary ANOVA. Introduction to nonparametric techniques. Prerequisite: 1 year high school algebra. Goal 3A, ELO6 Math

    MATH1510 Calculus I - 4 s.h.

    Limits, continuity, differentiation, and applications including exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric, and inverse functions. Mean value theorem, curve sketching, Riemann sums, and the fundamental theorem of calculus. Prerequisite: 2 years high school algebra. Goal 3A, ELO6 Math

    PHYS1410 Elements of Physics I - 4 s.h.

    An elementary physics course emphasizing the fundamental concepts associated with the physical universe. Topics include Newtonian mechanics, fluids, heat thermodynamics, wave motion, and sound. Designed to meet the needs of biology majors and students preparing for the medical profession and related fields. Prerequisites: Two years high school algebra and one year geometry; plane trigonometry recommended. Goal 1A

    PHYS1420 Elements of Physics II - 4 s.h.

    A continuation of PHYS1410. Topics included are electricity, magnetism, electromagnetic waves, light, relativity, quantum mechanics, and nuclear physics. Prerequisite: PHYS1410. Goal 1A

    PSYC1300 Introductory Psychology - 3 s.h.

    An introductory survey of psychological methods and thoughts as they relate to human experience and behavior. Topics include the role of the central nervous system in mediating behavior, learning and memory, states of awareness, motivation and emotion, personality, psychological disorders, and therapy. Goal 1C, ELO5 Social Science - Innovation

    PSYC3330 Biopsychology - 3 s.h.

    Examination of the biological substrates of behavior. Topics include synaptic transmission and patterns of neural activity, sleep and arousal, learning and memory, and motivation and emotion. Prerequisites: PSYC1300 and one of the following: BIOL1300, BIOL1400, BIOL2300. Goal 1C +This course is only offered every other year.

    PSYC3390 Cognitive Psychology - 3 s.h.

    Research and theory in areas of cognitive psychology, including attention; memory acquisition, storage, and retrieval; language comprehension; and problem solving. Prerequisite: PSYC1300. Goal 1C +This course is only offered every other year.

    PSYC3500 Principles of Learning - 3 s.h.

    Explores a variety of theories of learning. Considers both conceptual and applied aspects of learning. Prerequisite: PSYC1300. Goal 1C +This course is only offered every other year.

    PSYC3520 Research Methods Two - 3 s.h.

    Development and implementation of an original research project. Prerequisite: PSYC3320, psychology major. Goal 1C

    PSYC3900C Topic – Animal Models of Psychopathology - 3 s.h.

    An exploration of the role of animals in the experimental study of mental illness. Course includes the psychology and neurobiology of human psychopathology, historical conceptions, assessment of animal model validity and specific animal models for human illnesses such as schizophrenia, anxiety, depression, aggression, and memory disorders due both to disease and aging. Prerequisite: PSYC1300 or instructor consent.

  • Biology Minor

    A minor in Biology consists of 18 semester hours or more, including: BIOL1500BIOL1520BIOL2100 and BIOL electives.

    Courses Offered
    • BIOL1500Fundamentals of Ecology and Evolution
      BIOL1500 Fundamentals of Ecology and Evolution - 3 s.h.

      A study of the diversity of life, focusing on the evolutionary processes that shape life and the ecological interactions among organisms and their physical environments. Goal 1A

    • BIOL1520Fundamentals of Organismal Biology
      BIOL1520 Fundamentals of Organismal Biology - 4 s.h.

      A comparative study of form and function across organisms, focusing on the various structures and strategies used by plants and animals to fulfill basic life needs. Additional fee required. Goal 1A

    • BIOL2100Fundamentals of Cell Biology and Genetics (3-2)
      BIOL2100 Fundamentals of Cell Biology and Genetics (3-2) - 4 s.h.

      A study of the various patterns and mechanisms of heredity, changes in the genetic material and the consequences of these genetic changes. The course will also give an introduction to cellular structures, macromolecules, and processes, including DNA replication, transcription, translation and cellular signaling. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM1330, CHEM3410, or (CHEM1410 and CHEM1450). (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

    BIOL1500Fundamentals of Ecology and Evolution BIOL1520Fundamentals of Organismal Biology BIOL2100Fundamentals of Cell Biology and Genetics (3-2)
    Course Descriptions
    BIOL1500 Fundamentals of Ecology and Evolution - 3 s.h.

    A study of the diversity of life, focusing on the evolutionary processes that shape life and the ecological interactions among organisms and their physical environments. Goal 1A

    BIOL1520 Fundamentals of Organismal Biology - 4 s.h.

    A comparative study of form and function across organisms, focusing on the various structures and strategies used by plants and animals to fulfill basic life needs. Additional fee required. Goal 1A

    BIOL2100 Fundamentals of Cell Biology and Genetics (3-2) - 4 s.h.

    A study of the various patterns and mechanisms of heredity, changes in the genetic material and the consequences of these genetic changes. The course will also give an introduction to cellular structures, macromolecules, and processes, including DNA replication, transcription, translation and cellular signaling. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM1330, CHEM3410, or (CHEM1410 and CHEM1450). (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

  • Course list - Biology
    Courses Offered
    • BIOL1100Introduction to Sustainability (also SUST1100)
      BIOL1100 Introduction to Sustainability (also SUST1100) - 3 s.h.

      An introduction to the fundamentals of sustainability and its impact on biological systems. Explores how sustainability relates to population, ecosystems, global change, energy, agriculture, water, environmental economics and policy, ethics, and cultural history. Practical approaches to this course will be tied closely to small-scale agriculture and water use with hands-on fieldwork at the campus EcoPlot. Goal 1A, ELO6 Science - Sustainability

    • BIOL1260Environmental Biology (3-0)
      BIOL1260 Environmental Biology (3-0) - 3 s.h.

      An exploration of the environment, including the normal structure and functioning of ecosystems and the human impact on these ecosystems. Current environmental issues, such as human population growth, air and water pollution, climate change, loss of biodiversity, and ecosystem degradation, will be considered. Goal 1A, ELO6 Science - Peace, ELO6 Science - Sustainability

    • BIOL1400Unity of Life (3-0)
      BIOL1400 Unity of Life (3-0) - 3 s.h.

      A study of the key characteristics of life that unite all living organisms, including humans. Emphasis will be placed on comparing how humans and other organisms fulfill basic life needs. Will not count for credit in the Biology major or minor. Goal 1A, ELO6 Science - Equality, ELO6 Science - Equality and Peace

    • BIOL1500Fundamentals of Ecology and Evolution
      BIOL1500 Fundamentals of Ecology and Evolution - 3 s.h.

      A study of the diversity of life, focusing on the evolutionary processes that shape life and the ecological interactions among organisms and their physical environments. Goal 1A

    • BIOL1520Fundamentals of Organismal Biology
      BIOL1520 Fundamentals of Organismal Biology - 4 s.h.

      A comparative study of form and function across organisms, focusing on the various structures and strategies used by plants and animals to fulfill basic life needs. Additional fee required. Goal 1A

    • BIOL2100Fundamentals of Cell Biology and Genetics (3-2)
      BIOL2100 Fundamentals of Cell Biology and Genetics (3-2) - 4 s.h.

      A study of the various patterns and mechanisms of heredity, changes in the genetic material and the consequences of these genetic changes. The course will also give an introduction to cellular structures, macromolecules, and processes, including DNA replication, transcription, translation and cellular signaling. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM1330, CHEM3410, or (CHEM1410 and CHEM1450). (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

    • BIOL2300Anatomy and Physiology I (2-2)
      BIOL2300 Anatomy and Physiology I (2-2) - 3 s.h.

      The study of structure and function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system level. All organ systems are discussed. Emphasis is on the anatomy of the musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, and digestive systems. Laboratory includes both gross and microscopic structure and function. (One year each of high school biology and chemistry or the equivalent strongly recommended.) Additional fee required. Goal 1A

    • BIOL2310Anatomy and Physiology II (2-2)
      BIOL2310 Anatomy and Physiology II (2-2) - 3 s.h.

      The focus is on the physiology of the organ systems, specifically the endocrine and reproductive systems. Fluid-electrolyte balance, acid-base balance, and metabolism are also emphasized. Online only. Prerequisite: BIOL2300. Goal 1A

    • BIOL2350Introduction to Microbiology
      BIOL2350 Introduction to Microbiology - 4 s.h.

      Students will learn about immunology, bacteriology, mycology, and virology. Emphasis will be placed on the cellular mechanisms and role of microbial pathogens (bacteria) and agents (viruses, prions) affecting human health and how they are treated. Credit is not allowed for this course and BIOL2360. Prerequisites: CHEM1330 or BIOL2100 or instructors consent or enrollment in the RN to BSN program.

    • BIOL2360Microbiology (3-2)
      BIOL2360 Microbiology (3-2) - 4 s.h.

      Students will learn about immunology, bacteriology, mycology, and virology. Emphasis will be placed on the cellular mechanism and role of microbial pathogens (bacteria) and agents (viruses, prions) affecting human health and how they are treated. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 or instructor's consent. Goal 1A

    • BIOL2400Frontiers in Neuroscience (also PSYC2400)
      BIOL2400 Frontiers in Neuroscience (also PSYC2400) - 1 s.h.

      This course will explore historical and recent exploration in the field of neuroscience. Specifically, research will be presented related to cellular mechanisms of action in neuroscience, the use of animals in neuroscience, disease states related to neuroscience, drug discovery in neuroscience, and psychological medications in neuroscience.

    • BIOL2430Animal Biology
      BIOL2430 Animal Biology - 4 s.h.

      A survey of the major groups in the animal kingdom, including sponges, cnidarians, molluscs, arthropods, echinoderms, vertebrates, etc. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, reproduction, nutrition, and habitat will be considered. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL1400, BIOL1500, or BIOL1520. Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL2440Plant Biology
      BIOL2440 Plant Biology - 4 s.h.

      A survey of the major groups in the plant kingdom, including nonvascular plants, ferns and fern allies, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, and reproductive life cycles will be considered. In addition, plant growth and metabolism, algae, and fungi will be covered. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL1400, BIOL1500, or BIOL1520. Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL2580Drug Development and Society
      BIOL2580 Drug Development and Society - 3 s.h.

      An exploration of drug discovery, development, and delivery from the medicinal herbs of the Middle Ages through the present day pharmaceutical industry. Drug safety for society is the underlying theme. Topics include pharmacology of selected herbs, drug delivery systems, and federal regulation of drugs. ELO6 Science - Innovation

    • BIOL2900Special Topics
      BIOL2900 Special Topics - 1-3 s.h.

      Study of selected topics of general interest in biology, to be announced prior to the semester when the course is offered. May be repeated for credit as topics change. Goal 1A

    • BIOL3120Internship in Biological Sciences
      BIOL3120 Internship in Biological Sciences - 1-3 s.h.

      Developed in conjunction with and approved by an appropriate faculty member in the Biological Sciences. This internship will be with professionals who are in career areas relating to majors in the department and may be pursued abroad. The student is responsible for arranging their internship. May be repeated for a maximum of 9 semester hours. (Graded on a Pass/Fail basis.) Prerequisite: Instructor’s consent. Goal 1A

    • BIOL3310Molecular Genetics (3-3)
      BIOL3310 Molecular Genetics (3-3) - 4 s.h.

      A study of cellular processes involved in the Central Dogma: DNA replication, transcription and translation. The study will include how gene expression is regulated at various levels, such as at the transcription level and post-translational level. Lastly students will study and perform different molecular genetic techniques used in laboratories today: pipetting, DNA gel electrophoresis, PCR and DNA cloning. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

    • BIOL3400Ecology and Conservation Biology (3-0)
      BIOL3400 Ecology and Conservation Biology (3-0) - 3 s.h.

      A study of how organisms interact with one another and with their physical environments at the physiological, population, community, and ecosystem levels. Case studies will use ecological concepts to develop conservation strategies for species, habitats, and ecosystems. Corequisite (for Biology majors): BIOL3401 Ecology and Conservation Biology Lab. Goal 6, EL06 Science - World Citizenship, ELO6 Science - Sustainability +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL3401Ecology and Conservation Biology Lab (0-2)
      BIOL3401 Ecology and Conservation Biology Lab (0-2) - 1 s.h.

      Additional fee required. Corequisite (for Biology majors): BIOL3400 Ecology and Conservation Biology. Prerequisite: Instructor’s consent. +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL3420Human Anatomy (3-2)
      BIOL3420 Human Anatomy (3-2) - 4 s.h.

      A study of gross human anatomy utilizing charts, three dimensional models, computer simulations, and dissection of mammalian animals. The course will discuss regional and surface anatomy to establish the relationships of the various organ systems of the body. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL1400 or BIOL2100 or PHED1240. Goal 1A

    • BIOL3440Human Physiology (3-2)
      BIOL3440 Human Physiology (3-2) - 4 s.h.

      A systems oriented study of the function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system levels with an emphasis on medical physiology. Laboratory includes computer simulations and use of Biopac equipment. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL3420 (grade of C or better strongly recommended) and one semester of chemistry. Goal 1A

    • BIOL3500Applied Pharmacology
      BIOL3500 Applied Pharmacology - 3 s.h.

      A general study of the rationale for current drug therapy including classification of medication, mechanisms of action, main therapeutic effects, clinical indications, adverse reactions, and drug interactions. Does not substitute for NURS3450. Prerequisites: CHEM1330 or CHEM3410. Goal 1A

    • BIOL4110Biology Seminar
      BIOL4110 Biology Seminar - 1 s.h.

      Presentation and discussion of current topics from the biological literature and biological world. Emphasis will be placed on finding, interpreting, and presenting primary journal articles. Prerequisite: Upper division status. Goal 1A

    • BIOL4120Research I (also CHEM4120)
      BIOL4120 Research I (also CHEM4120) - 1 s.h.

      Covers the basic elements of scientific research. Brief lectures on research methodologies and design will be provided. The student will develop a research schedule and write a research proposal in cooperation with a faculty mentor. The student will be expected to begin any initial research indicated in the research schedule. Prerequisite: BIOL2100, CHEM3410, and senior standing or consent of instructor. Goal 1A

    • BIOL4130Research II (also CHEM4130)
      BIOL4130 Research II (also CHEM4130) - 1 s.h.

      The student completes the research that was started in BIOL/CHEM4120. Highlights of the research will be presented orally and through a poster presentation. A final thesis manuscript is required for submission. Prerequisite: BIOL/CHEM4120. Goal 1A

    • BIOL4310Biochemistry (also CHEM4310) (3-3)
      BIOL4310 Biochemistry (also CHEM4310) (3-3) - 4 s.h.

      An introduction to biologically important molecules and metabolic pathways and the laboratory techniques used to study and characterize them. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM3420/3421 and BIOL2100. Goal 1A

    • BIOL4400Immunology
      BIOL4400 Immunology - 3 s.h.

      Investigation of the innate and adaptive immune system, including inflammation, B and T cell development and function, immunization and its role in human health. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 and BIOL2360 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL4450Cell Biology (3-3)
      BIOL4450 Cell Biology (3-3) - 4 s.h.

      Investigation of the fine structures and functions of the cell and its parts. Includes an in-depth study of: 1) the regulatory mechanisms involved in cellular processes, such as transport of material, cell division, metabolism, signal transduction and apoptosis and 2) the fine structures, such as the different eukaryotic organelles, cytoskeleton, and prokaryotic appendages. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL4460Cancer Biology
      BIOL4460 Cancer Biology - 3 s.h.

      Students will investigate the cellular mechanisms of cancer and then will learn about a few specific cancers. Includes an in-depth study of the multistage model of carcinogenesis, genes involved in cancer, activation of cancer genes, signal transduction pathways that promote carcinogenesis, the mechanism of metastasis, apoptosis, how cancer treatments work, and the new potential cancer treatments. Prerequisite: BIOL3310, BIOL4450, or [BIOL2100 and BIOL/CHEM 4310] (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    • BIOL4900Special Topics
      BIOL4900 Special Topics - 1-3 s.h.

      Opportunity for a small group of advanced students to pursue in-depth study of an area or topic of interest. Will be offered on demand when faculty are available. Goal 1A

    • HLTH2560 Nutrition
      HLTH2560 Nutrition - 3 s.h.

      A study the principles of nutrition as it relates to health, exercise, sports and disease. Students will be presented with applied content that includes research-based guidelines meant to help students differentiate between nutrition recommendations that are backed by science and the overabundance of false and misleading information. Goal 1A

    BIOL1100Introduction to Sustainability (also SUST1100) BIOL1260Environmental Biology (3-0) BIOL1400Unity of Life (3-0) BIOL1500Fundamentals of Ecology and Evolution BIOL1520Fundamentals of Organismal Biology BIOL2100Fundamentals of Cell Biology and Genetics (3-2) BIOL2300Anatomy and Physiology I (2-2) BIOL2310Anatomy and Physiology II (2-2) BIOL2350Introduction to Microbiology BIOL2360Microbiology (3-2) BIOL2400Frontiers in Neuroscience (also PSYC2400) BIOL2430Animal Biology BIOL2440Plant Biology BIOL2580Drug Development and Society BIOL2900Special Topics BIOL3120Internship in Biological Sciences BIOL3310Molecular Genetics (3-3) BIOL3400Ecology and Conservation Biology (3-0) BIOL3401Ecology and Conservation Biology Lab (0-2) BIOL3420Human Anatomy (3-2) BIOL3440Human Physiology (3-2) BIOL3500Applied Pharmacology BIOL4110Biology Seminar BIOL4120Research I (also CHEM4120) BIOL4130Research II (also CHEM4130) BIOL4310Biochemistry (also CHEM4310) (3-3) BIOL4400Immunology BIOL4450Cell Biology (3-3) BIOL4460Cancer Biology BIOL4900Special Topics HLTH2560 Nutrition
    Course Descriptions
    BIOL1100 Introduction to Sustainability (also SUST1100) - 3 s.h.

    An introduction to the fundamentals of sustainability and its impact on biological systems. Explores how sustainability relates to population, ecosystems, global change, energy, agriculture, water, environmental economics and policy, ethics, and cultural history. Practical approaches to this course will be tied closely to small-scale agriculture and water use with hands-on fieldwork at the campus EcoPlot. Goal 1A, ELO6 Science - Sustainability

    BIOL1260 Environmental Biology (3-0) - 3 s.h.

    An exploration of the environment, including the normal structure and functioning of ecosystems and the human impact on these ecosystems. Current environmental issues, such as human population growth, air and water pollution, climate change, loss of biodiversity, and ecosystem degradation, will be considered. Goal 1A, ELO6 Science - Peace, ELO6 Science - Sustainability

    BIOL1400 Unity of Life (3-0) - 3 s.h.

    A study of the key characteristics of life that unite all living organisms, including humans. Emphasis will be placed on comparing how humans and other organisms fulfill basic life needs. Will not count for credit in the Biology major or minor. Goal 1A, ELO6 Science - Equality, ELO6 Science - Equality and Peace

    BIOL1500 Fundamentals of Ecology and Evolution - 3 s.h.

    A study of the diversity of life, focusing on the evolutionary processes that shape life and the ecological interactions among organisms and their physical environments. Goal 1A

    BIOL1520 Fundamentals of Organismal Biology - 4 s.h.

    A comparative study of form and function across organisms, focusing on the various structures and strategies used by plants and animals to fulfill basic life needs. Additional fee required. Goal 1A

    BIOL2100 Fundamentals of Cell Biology and Genetics (3-2) - 4 s.h.

    A study of the various patterns and mechanisms of heredity, changes in the genetic material and the consequences of these genetic changes. The course will also give an introduction to cellular structures, macromolecules, and processes, including DNA replication, transcription, translation and cellular signaling. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM1330, CHEM3410, or (CHEM1410 and CHEM1450). (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

    BIOL2300 Anatomy and Physiology I (2-2) - 3 s.h.

    The study of structure and function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system level. All organ systems are discussed. Emphasis is on the anatomy of the musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, and digestive systems. Laboratory includes both gross and microscopic structure and function. (One year each of high school biology and chemistry or the equivalent strongly recommended.) Additional fee required. Goal 1A

    BIOL2310 Anatomy and Physiology II (2-2) - 3 s.h.

    The focus is on the physiology of the organ systems, specifically the endocrine and reproductive systems. Fluid-electrolyte balance, acid-base balance, and metabolism are also emphasized. Online only. Prerequisite: BIOL2300. Goal 1A

    BIOL2350 Introduction to Microbiology - 4 s.h.

    Students will learn about immunology, bacteriology, mycology, and virology. Emphasis will be placed on the cellular mechanisms and role of microbial pathogens (bacteria) and agents (viruses, prions) affecting human health and how they are treated. Credit is not allowed for this course and BIOL2360. Prerequisites: CHEM1330 or BIOL2100 or instructors consent or enrollment in the RN to BSN program.

    BIOL2360 Microbiology (3-2) - 4 s.h.

    Students will learn about immunology, bacteriology, mycology, and virology. Emphasis will be placed on the cellular mechanism and role of microbial pathogens (bacteria) and agents (viruses, prions) affecting human health and how they are treated. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 or instructor's consent. Goal 1A

    BIOL2400 Frontiers in Neuroscience (also PSYC2400) - 1 s.h.

    This course will explore historical and recent exploration in the field of neuroscience. Specifically, research will be presented related to cellular mechanisms of action in neuroscience, the use of animals in neuroscience, disease states related to neuroscience, drug discovery in neuroscience, and psychological medications in neuroscience.

    BIOL2430 Animal Biology - 4 s.h.

    A survey of the major groups in the animal kingdom, including sponges, cnidarians, molluscs, arthropods, echinoderms, vertebrates, etc. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, reproduction, nutrition, and habitat will be considered. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL1400, BIOL1500, or BIOL1520. Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL2440 Plant Biology - 4 s.h.

    A survey of the major groups in the plant kingdom, including nonvascular plants, ferns and fern allies, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, and reproductive life cycles will be considered. In addition, plant growth and metabolism, algae, and fungi will be covered. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL1400, BIOL1500, or BIOL1520. Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL2580 Drug Development and Society - 3 s.h.

    An exploration of drug discovery, development, and delivery from the medicinal herbs of the Middle Ages through the present day pharmaceutical industry. Drug safety for society is the underlying theme. Topics include pharmacology of selected herbs, drug delivery systems, and federal regulation of drugs. ELO6 Science - Innovation

    BIOL2900 Special Topics - 1-3 s.h.

    Study of selected topics of general interest in biology, to be announced prior to the semester when the course is offered. May be repeated for credit as topics change. Goal 1A

    BIOL3120 Internship in Biological Sciences - 1-3 s.h.

    Developed in conjunction with and approved by an appropriate faculty member in the Biological Sciences. This internship will be with professionals who are in career areas relating to majors in the department and may be pursued abroad. The student is responsible for arranging their internship. May be repeated for a maximum of 9 semester hours. (Graded on a Pass/Fail basis.) Prerequisite: Instructor’s consent. Goal 1A

    BIOL3310 Molecular Genetics (3-3) - 4 s.h.

    A study of cellular processes involved in the Central Dogma: DNA replication, transcription and translation. The study will include how gene expression is regulated at various levels, such as at the transcription level and post-translational level. Lastly students will study and perform different molecular genetic techniques used in laboratories today: pipetting, DNA gel electrophoresis, PCR and DNA cloning. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A

    BIOL3400 Ecology and Conservation Biology (3-0) - 3 s.h.

    A study of how organisms interact with one another and with their physical environments at the physiological, population, community, and ecosystem levels. Case studies will use ecological concepts to develop conservation strategies for species, habitats, and ecosystems. Corequisite (for Biology majors): BIOL3401 Ecology and Conservation Biology Lab. Goal 6, EL06 Science - World Citizenship, ELO6 Science - Sustainability +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL3401 Ecology and Conservation Biology Lab (0-2) - 1 s.h.

    Additional fee required. Corequisite (for Biology majors): BIOL3400 Ecology and Conservation Biology. Prerequisite: Instructor’s consent. +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL3420 Human Anatomy (3-2) - 4 s.h.

    A study of gross human anatomy utilizing charts, three dimensional models, computer simulations, and dissection of mammalian animals. The course will discuss regional and surface anatomy to establish the relationships of the various organ systems of the body. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL1400 or BIOL2100 or PHED1240. Goal 1A

    BIOL3440 Human Physiology (3-2) - 4 s.h.

    A systems oriented study of the function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system levels with an emphasis on medical physiology. Laboratory includes computer simulations and use of Biopac equipment. Additional fee required. Prerequisites: BIOL3420 (grade of C or better strongly recommended) and one semester of chemistry. Goal 1A

    BIOL3500 Applied Pharmacology - 3 s.h.

    A general study of the rationale for current drug therapy including classification of medication, mechanisms of action, main therapeutic effects, clinical indications, adverse reactions, and drug interactions. Does not substitute for NURS3450. Prerequisites: CHEM1330 or CHEM3410. Goal 1A

    BIOL4110 Biology Seminar - 1 s.h.

    Presentation and discussion of current topics from the biological literature and biological world. Emphasis will be placed on finding, interpreting, and presenting primary journal articles. Prerequisite: Upper division status. Goal 1A

    BIOL4120 Research I (also CHEM4120) - 1 s.h.

    Covers the basic elements of scientific research. Brief lectures on research methodologies and design will be provided. The student will develop a research schedule and write a research proposal in cooperation with a faculty mentor. The student will be expected to begin any initial research indicated in the research schedule. Prerequisite: BIOL2100, CHEM3410, and senior standing or consent of instructor. Goal 1A

    BIOL4130 Research II (also CHEM4130) - 1 s.h.

    The student completes the research that was started in BIOL/CHEM4120. Highlights of the research will be presented orally and through a poster presentation. A final thesis manuscript is required for submission. Prerequisite: BIOL/CHEM4120. Goal 1A

    BIOL4310 Biochemistry (also CHEM4310) (3-3) - 4 s.h.

    An introduction to biologically important molecules and metabolic pathways and the laboratory techniques used to study and characterize them. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: CHEM3420/3421 and BIOL2100. Goal 1A

    BIOL4400 Immunology - 3 s.h.

    Investigation of the innate and adaptive immune system, including inflammation, B and T cell development and function, immunization and its role in human health. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 and BIOL2360 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL4450 Cell Biology (3-3) - 4 s.h.

    Investigation of the fine structures and functions of the cell and its parts. Includes an in-depth study of: 1) the regulatory mechanisms involved in cellular processes, such as transport of material, cell division, metabolism, signal transduction and apoptosis and 2) the fine structures, such as the different eukaryotic organelles, cytoskeleton, and prokaryotic appendages. Additional fee required. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL4460 Cancer Biology - 3 s.h.

    Students will investigate the cellular mechanisms of cancer and then will learn about a few specific cancers. Includes an in-depth study of the multistage model of carcinogenesis, genes involved in cancer, activation of cancer genes, signal transduction pathways that promote carcinogenesis, the mechanism of metastasis, apoptosis, how cancer treatments work, and the new potential cancer treatments. Prerequisite: BIOL3310, BIOL4450, or [BIOL2100 and BIOL/CHEM 4310] (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A +This course is only offered every other year.

    BIOL4900 Special Topics - 1-3 s.h.

    Opportunity for a small group of advanced students to pursue in-depth study of an area or topic of interest. Will be offered on demand when faculty are available. Goal 1A

    HLTH2560 Nutrition - 3 s.h.

    A study the principles of nutrition as it relates to health, exercise, sports and disease. Students will be presented with applied content that includes research-based guidelines meant to help students differentiate between nutrition recommendations that are backed by science and the overabundance of false and misleading information. Goal 1A