Anatomy & Physiology, Nutrition, Botany, Zoology, and Microbiology, do these subjects appeal to you? How about analyzing fungi, growing mold, or separating blood components. Sound like fun? Then you may be a budding biology major. If you want to major in Biology, Graceland is a great decision.
Lecture hours-lab hours are noted following the titles of courses that have labs.
BIOL1260 Environmental Biology (3-0) 3 s.h.
An exploration of the environment, including the normal structure and functioning of ecosystems and the human impact on these ecosystems. Current environmental issues, such as human population growth, air and water pollution, climate change, loss of biodiversity, and ecosystem degradation, will be considered. Goal 1A
BIOL1400 Fundamentals of Biological Science (3-0) 3 s.h.
History and nature of biology as a science, unifying concepts in biology, chemical and cellular bases of life, cellular metabolism, heredity, ecology and evolution. Will not count for credit in the Biology major or minor. Goal 1A
BIOL1500 Fundamentals of Ecology and Evolution 3 s.h.
A study of the diversity of life, focusing on the evolutionary processes that shape life and theecological interactions among organisms and their physical environments. Goal 1A
BIOL1520 Fundamentals of Organismal Biology (3-2) 4 s.h.
A comparative study of form and function across organisms, focusing on the various structures and strategies used by plants and animals to fulfill basic life needs. Goal 1A
BIOL2000 Individual Study Goal 1A 1-3 s.h.
BIOL2100 Fundamentals of Cell Biology and Genetics (3-2) 4 s.h.
A study of the various patterns and mechanisms of heredity, changes in the genetic material and the consequences of these genetic changes. The course will also give an introduction to cellular structures, macromolecules, and processes, including DNA replication, transcription, translation and cellular signaling. Prerequisite: CHEM1330 or CHEM3410 (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A
BIOL2300 Anatomy and Physiology I (2-2) 3 s.h.
The study of structure and function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system level. All organ systems are discussed. Emphasis is on the anatomy of the musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, and digestive systems. Laboratory includes both gross and microscopic structure and function. (One year each of high school biology and chemistry or the equivalent strongly recommended.) Goal 1A
BIOL2310 Anatomy and Physiology II (2-2) 3 s.h.
The focus is on the physiology of the organ systems, specifically the endocrine and reproductive systems. Fluid-electrolyte balance, acid-base balance, and metabolism are also emphasized. Online only. Prerequisite: BIOL2300. Goal 1A
BIOL2360 Microbiology (3-2) 4 s.h.
Students will learn about immunology, bacteriology, mycology, and virology. Emphasis will be placed on the cellular mechanism and role of microbial pathogens (bacteria) and agents (viruses, prions) affecting human health and how they are treated. Prerequisite: BIOL1400 or BIOL2100 (strongly recommended). Goal 1A
BIOL2430 Animal Biology (3-2) 4 s.h.
A survey of the major groups in the animal kingdom, including sponges, cnidarians, molluscs, arthropods, echinoderms, vertebrates, etc. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, reproduction, nutrition, and habitat will be considered. Prerequisite: BIOL1400 or BIOL1520. Goal 1A
BIOL2440 Plant Biology (3-2) 4 s.h.
A survey of the major groups in the plant kingdom, including nonvascular plants, ferns and fern allies, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, taxonomy, internal and external form, and reproductive life cycles will be considered. In addition, plant growth and metabolism, algae, and fungi will be covered. Prerequisite: BIOL1400 or BIOL1520. Goal 1A
BIOL2560 Nutrition 3 s.h.
Study of the principles upon which the science of nutrition is based and the analysis of the principles of nutrition as related to health and disease. Goal 1A
BIOL2900 Special Topics 1-3 s.h.
Study of selected topics of general interest in biology, to be announced prior to the semester when the course is offered. May be repeated for credit as topics change. Goal 1A
BIOL3000 Individual Study Goal 1A 1-3 s.h.
BIOL3120 Internship in Biological Sciences 1 – 3 s.h.
Developed in conjunction with and approved by an appropriate faculty member in the Biological Sciences. This internship will be with professionals who are in career areas relating to majors in the department and may be pursued abroad. The student is responsible for arranging their internship. (Graded on a Pass/Fail basis.) Prerequisite: Instructor’s consent. Goal 1A
BIOL3310 Molecular Genetics (3-3) 4 s.h.
A study of cellular processes involved in the Central Dogma: DNA replication, transcription and translation. The study will include how gene expression is regulated at various levels, such as at the transcription level and post-translational level. Lastly students will study and perform different molecular genetic techniques used in laboratories today: pipetting, DNA gel electrophoresis, PCR and DNA cloning. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A
+ BIOL3400 Ecology (3-2) 4 s.h.
A study of the interactions among organisms and their physical environments at the physiological, population, community, and ecosystem levels. Case studies will be taken from animal ecology, plant ecology, and microbial ecology. Prerequisites: BIOL1260, BIOL1400, or BIOL1500. Goal 1A
BIOL3420 Human Anatomy (3-2) 4 s.h.
A study of gross human anatomy utilizing charts, three dimensional models, computer simulations, and dissection of mammalian animals. The course will discuss regional and surface anatomy to establish the relationships of the various organ systems of the body. Prerequisites: BIOL1400 or BIOL2100. Goal 1A
BIOL3440 Human Physiology (3-2) 4 s.h.
A systems oriented study of the function of the human body on the cellular, tissue, organ, and organ-system levels with an emphasis on medical physiology. Laboratory includes computer simulations and use of Biopac equipment. Prerequisites: BIOL3420 (grade of C or better strongly recommended) and one semester of chemistry. Goal 1A
BIOL3500 Applied Pharmacology 3 s.h.
A general study of the rationale for current drug therapy including classification of medication, mechanisms of action, main therapeutic effects, clinical indications, adverse reactions, and drug interactions. Does not substitute for NURS3450. Prerequisites: CHEM1330 or CHEM3410. Goal 1A
BIOL3900 Special Topics Goal 1A 1-3 s.h.
BIOL4110 Biology Seminar 1 s.h.
Presentation and discussion of current topics from the biological literature and biological world. Emphasis will be placed on finding, interpreting, and presenting primary journal articles. Prerequisite: Upper division status. Goal 1A
BIOL4120 Research I (also CHEM4120) 1 s.h.
Covers the basic elements of scientific research. Brief lectures on research methodologies and design will be provided. The student will develop a research schedule and write a research proposal in cooperation with a faculty mentor. The student will be expected to begin any initial research indicated in the research schedule. Prerequisite: Senior standing or consent of instructor. Goal 1A
BIOL4130 Research II (also CHEM4130) 1 s.h.
The student completes the research that was started in BIOL/CHEM4120. Highlights of the research will be presented orally and through a poster presentation. A final thesis manuscript is required for submission. Prerequisite: BIOL/CHEM4120. Goal 1A
BIOL4310 Biochemistry (also CHEM4310) (3-3) 4 s.h.
An introduction to biologically important molecules and metabolic pathways and the laboratory techniques used to study and characterize them. Prerequisite: BIOL1400 or BIOL2100. CHEM3420/3421 with a grade of C or better is highly recommended. BIOL2100 with a grade of C or better is highly recommended. Goal 1A
+ BIOL4400 Immunology 3 s.h.
Investigation of the innate and adaptive immune system, including inflammation, B and T cell development and function, immunization and its role in human health. Prerequisites: BIOL2100 and BIOL2360 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A
+ BIOL4450 Cell Biology (3-3) 4 s.h.
Investigation of the fine structures and functions of the cell and its parts. Includes an in-depth study of: 1) the regulatory mechanisms involved in cellular processes, such as transport of material, cell division, metabolism, signal transduction and apoptosis and 2) the fine structures, such as the different eukaryotic organelles, cytoskeleton, and prokaryotic appendages. Prerequisite: BIOL2100 (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A
+ BIOL4460 Cancer Biology 3 s.h.
Students will investigate the cellular mechanisms of cancer and then will learn about a few specific cancers. Includes an in-depth study of the multistage model of carcinogenesis, genes involved in cancer, activation of cancer genes, signal transduction pathways that promote carcinogenesis, the mechanism of metastasis, apoptosis, how cancer treatments work, and the new potential cancer treatments. Prerequisite: BIOL3310, BIOL4450, or [BIOL2100 and BIOL/CHEM 4310] (grade of C or better strongly recommended). Goal 1A
BIOL4900 Special Topics 1-3 s.h.
Opportunity for a small group of advanced students to pursue in-depth study of an area or topic of interest. Will be offered on demand when faculty are available. Goal 1A